SOL VS.3 Some European countries, including England, were in competition to increase their wealth and power by expanding their empires to America.
SOL VS.3 England wanted to establish an American colony to increase her wealth and power.
SOL VS.3 England hoped to find gold and silver in America.
SOL VS.3 An American settlement would furnish raw materials that could not be grown or obtained in England. A raw material is What raw materials do you see here?
SOL VS.3 An American settlement would open new markets for trade.
SOL VS.3 An An American settlement would open new markets for trade. Sewing with needles from England•England needed raw materials, such as lumber and tobacco. materials•Virginia needed manufactured goods, such as furniture, goodstools, needles, and muskets.
SOL VS.3 dot on this map of England Each shows a place where a Jamestown settler came from. Historians have read the 400- year-old records of Jamestown to find where the settlers came from.Why did theJamestownsettlers cometo America?
SOL VS.3 Jamestown was founded in 1607 as an economic venture. What are these people doing? Where are they? What year is it?
SOL VS.3 Jamestown was established (started) by the Virginia Company of London as an economic venture. The Virginia Company hoped to Coat of arms of the Virginia make a huge profit on their Company of London investment.
SOL VS.3 The Virginia Company was a group of people who got others to invest their money. Seal of the Virginia Company
AfterSOL VS.3 the Jamestown settlement made money, the investors were supposed to get a profit from their money.
SOL VS.3 Jamestown was the first permanent English settlement in America.
SOL VS.3 Where is Jamestown located? Jamestown
SOL VS.3When the settlerschose the location in1607, Jamestown was the peninsulalocated on a narrowpeninsula bordered the James Riveron three sides by theJames River.
SOL VS.3Today,Jamestownis locatedon anisland inthe JamesRiver. This is an aerial view of part of Jamestown fort.
SOL VS.3 Whydid the settlers choose the site at Jamestown? This is one of the very first maps of Virginia. Can you find the Chesapeake Bay?
SOL VS.3 location could be easily defended from The attack by sea. The English feared a sea attack by the Spanish.
The water along the shore was deepSOL VS.3 enough for ships to dock. harbor
The English believedSOL VS.3 they had a good supply of fresh water.
SOL VS.3What was the importance of the charters ofthe Virginia Company of London to theJamestown settlement?
TheSOL VS.3 King of England granted charters to the Virginia Company of London. London in the 1600s
SOL VS.3The charters gavethe VirginiaCompany the rightto establish asettlement in NorthAmerica.
SOL VS.3 The first charter of the Virginia Company of London established companies to begin colonies in the New World.
SOL VS.3 The charters extended English rights to the colonists. The Capitol at Williamsburg, The Houses where the House of Burgesses of met to make Virginia’s laws Parliament, where English laws were made
SOL VS.3 As Jamestown grew, the system of government evolved.
SOL VS.3 What was this system of government called? Houses in Jamestown looked like English houses.
SOL VS.3In 1619, thegovernor of Virginiacalled a meeting ofthe VirginiaAssembly. TheAssembly includedtwo citizenrepresentatives,called “burgesses.”
SOL VS.3 The burgesses came from each of the divisions of Virginia.
SOL VS.3 TheAssembly also included the governor’s council and the governor. John Smith was an early governor of Virginia.
At thatAt that time, only adult men wereSOL VS.3considered citizens.
SOL VS.3 By the 1640s, the burgesses became a separate legislative body, called the Virginia House of Burgesses.Patrick Henryspeaks in theVirginia Houseof Burgesses.
SOL VS.3 The government of the Virginia colony was based on the English model of a representative government. This is the church in Jamestown where the House of Burgesses first met.
The House of BurgessesSOL VS.3 was modeled after the English Parliament.
SOL VS.3 The House of Burgesses was the first elected legislative body in America, giving settlers the This is an opportunity to control their own old engraving government. showing colonial Virginia men voting.
SOL VS.3 Today it is called the General Assembly and is the oldestAn 1800s drawing of theGeneral Assembly buildingin Richmond legislative body in the western hemisphere.
SOL VS.3 The House of Burgesses became the Virginia General Assembly, which continues to this day. the state capitol building in Richmond, where the Virginia General Assembly meets to make our laws
SOL VS.3 Jamestown became a more diverse colony by 1620.
SOL VS.3 What was the impact of the arrival of women on the Jamestown settlement?
SOL VS.3In 1620, the VirginiaCompany of Londonsent a ship with 90young women toJamestown. A manwho wanted to marryone of these women,had to pay 120pounds of tobacco tothe ship’s captain forher trip toJamestown.
SOL VS.3The arrival of womenin 1620 made itpossible for thesettlers to establishfamilies and a morepermanentsettlement atJamestown. 1600s drawings of children at play
SOL VS.3 Whatwas the impact of the arrival of Africans on the Jamestown settlement? African Americans re-enact slaves listening to a slave preacher on a plantation.
SOL VS.3 Africans arrived in Jamestown against their will. It is believed that they arrived as baptized Christians and therefore were labeled indentured servants for a period of 5 to 7 years.
ButSOL VS.3Virginia planters soon saw that they would need a cheap supply of labor for a long time.Tidewater plantations were expandingbecause people could make so muchmoney from tobacco.
SOL VS.3 The arrival of Africans made it possible to expand the tobacco economy.
SOL VS.3 Howdid the Powhatan people and the English settlers interact? This is a 1600s drawing of Powhatan Indians smoking fish over a fire.
SOL VS.3 The Powhatan people and the English settlers at Jamestown established trading relationships and for a while had positive interactions.1600s drawing of a Powhatan village
SOL VS.3Captain JohnSmith initiated(started) tradingrelationshipswith thePowhatans.
SOL The The Powhatans traded food, furs, and VS.3 leather with the English in exchange for tools, pots, guns, and other goods. Powhatan shelter and cooking fire at Jamestown
SOL VS.3 The Powhatan people contributed to the survival of the Modern drawing of a Powhatan man Jamestown settlers in several ways.1600s drawing ofa Powhatan Powhatan style reed andwarrior grass shelter Cooking pot found at Jamestown
SOL VS.3Pocahontas, daughter of Chief Powhatan, believed the English and American Indians (First Americans) could live in harmony. different portraits of Pocahontas
SOL VS.3 Pocahontas began a friendship with the colonists that helped them survive. Powhatan Indian building a dugout canoe
SOL VS.3 The Powhatans introduced new crops to the English, including corn and tobacco.
SOL VS.3Whydid the relationship between the Jamestown settlers and the Powhatans change? Powhatan shelter at Jamestown
SOL VS.3 blacksmith at work in JamestownThe Powhatanpeoplerealized theEnglishsettlementwould continueto grow.
SOL VS.3ThePowhatanssaw thecolonists asinvadersthat wouldtake over armour from the 1600stheir land. cannon at Jamestown fort
SOL VS.3 So we see that from William and Mary College in the 1600s 1607, Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in America, changed forever how Virginia looked and worked.
SOL VS.3 The English brought with them English laws and customs, which were influenced by their relationship with the Powhatans.
The EnglishSOL VS.3 alsobegan the terribleinstitution of slavery inVirginia, which lasteda long time, becauseof its dependence on atobacco economy.
But But Virginia grew into a culture verySOL VS.3 different from that of England, because of the influence of Africans and the Powhatan.
HowSOL VS.3 does your life today show the influence of the English, the Africans, and the Powhatan? Let us always be grateful for the lives of those who went before us.