THE BIRTH OF A NEW NATION             1.   Tran Thi Hanh             2.   Tran Thi Phuong             3.   Nguyen Thu Hang...
1. The first colony2. New England colonies3. The Middle colonies4. The Southern colonies
In 1606, King James I gave a charterto build colony in Virginia. John Smith and 144 men in 3 shipsleft England to North ...
 In 1612, John Smith published the map of Virginia
4 12 3
MassachusettsBay
 In 1620, about 40 pilgrims (saint) and 62 other English(strangers) colonist sailed to the New England on the Mayflower
Because of tossing in the stormy Atlantic,the Pilgrims decided not to arrive Virginiaas they had planed, but Cape Cod Bay...
 The Pilgrims gave the name Plymouth         to the place where they finally decided to settle. Plymouth was found as th...
 In 1630, John Winthrop led the Puritans toMassachusetts Bay in the coast of NewEngland.                                 ...
Boston       wasthe colony’s 1stsettlement. John Winthropwas elected the 1stgovernor byPuritan men.
Connecticut Connecticut wasfounded in 1636 byThomas Hooker. They had freedom of religion.
Roger Williams Minister, author
New Hampshire1679: Colony ofNew Hampshire wascreated by joiningsmall settlementstogether that werenorth ofMassachusetts.
12        3        4
New Yorkwas founded in1664Leader : the Dukeof YorkThe early named :New Netherlands.                     Duke of York
Map of New Netherland in 17th century
Pennsylvani      a Founded : 1681 Leader : William Pennhad religious freedomand right to elect publicofficials.        ...
Delaware In 1682, the Duke of York    granted William Penn this    land..                                The Duke of
2        1        3    45
VirginiaThe Virginiacolony startedwith Jamestown     in 1607
Marylandwas founded in 1634 by George Calvert He believed all of people religiousfreedom, but the king, Charles I
King Charles II   Carolina  The North Carolina  colony was founded     in  1663 by English nobles.The South Carolina Col...
 Georgia was thelast of the Englishcolonies   in   theNew World.
By 1733, Englishsetters       hadfounded         13colonies     alongthe Atlantic Coastand then becamethe early states int...
Life in the 13 colonies
13 Colonies              New England              Colonies              The Middle              Colonies              The ...
Life in the 13 colonies Colonial agriculture, forestry, and  fishery Colonial food and clothes Colonial religion Colon...
Colonial agriculture, forestry, and             fishery           New England coloniesLong & cold winter, and rocky soil:...
Colonial agriculture, forestry,               and fishery    Middle coloniesMild climate, rich soil, long deep rivers→ lo...
Colonial agriculture, forestry,               and fishery   Southern coloniesWarmer weather than the others, mild winters...
Colonial food & clothesWhat did they eat?   What did they wear?
What did theyeat?Ate lots of grain,seafood(lobsters,clams…)animals(rabbits,squirrels, bears,deers…)Drank more than we dono...
What did they wear?                    A mob capA gown
What did they wear?waistcoatbreeches
.                Colonial religion      New England colonists were Puritans and they    were very strict about worshiping ...
Colonial education                     A hornbook
Colonial education   Parents wanted their children to learn how to read    and write the Bible.   Some children went to ...
Colonial trade            They sold what they             produced and bought what             they did not produce.     ...
Colonial tradeSlavery                  shackles
Conclusion The diversity of the 13 colonies  offered a great deal of economic  possibilities to the British Empire. It w...
1. REASONS LEAD TO THE WAR2. THE CONTINENTAL CONGRESS (1774)3. THE REVOLUTION BEGINS (1775)4. THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDE...
REASONS LEAD TO THE WARThe Seven Years’ War 1756-1763   The Treaty of Paris in 1763
A map of America after the Treaty of Paris                               Yellow : Spanish                               te...
The financial problems of British after the Seven Years’ War
The Changes In British Colonial Policy After1763   “No Taxation without Representation”
SUGAR ACT 1764                 Cut the duty in                 half (from 6 to                 3 per gallon)              ...
In the eyes of the colonists, Sugar Act would take     away their basic right as British citizens.
STAMPT ACT 1765                  Placed tax on all                  printed material in                  the colonies
Colonists protest against the Stamp Act
BOSTON TEA PARTY 1773
Trouble in BostonBritish Army (Red coats)
TEA ACT 1773                                     East India                                     Company’s                 ...
Protested against                 ActsColonist   s           Called for a new             Boycott on            British go...
The Boston Tea Party16 December 1773    Threw chests of tea overbroad
Reaction of Parliament to Boston Tea Party                             CLOSE THE BOSTON                                 HA...
THE CONTINENTAL CONGRESSSeptember 1774                      Protested                      the Laws                     Pr...
CONTINENTAL CONGRESS             American interestsSamuel                            John JayAdams
CONTINENTAL CONGRESS                American interestsPatrick Henry        Richard Henry   George Washington              ...
REVOLUTION BEGINS 1775
British Army        New Continental               VS       Army
Lexington and Concord battles (19 April 1775)
Lexington and Concord Battles
The Battles of Bunker Hill (17         June 1775) Continental Army      British Army
1776 (July 4th): Continental Congressadopted the Declaration of Independence.                     Drafting the Declaratio...
Drafting a Declaration The committee included Thomas Jefferson,Benjamin Frankin, John Adams  Thomas Jefferson was selected...
Drafting the Declaration of Independence:                                            Thomas Jefferson ( 1743- 1826)Thomas ...
The declaration of Independence has four majorsections:         The                                      The final    intr...
The Declaration of IndependenceThe Declaration of Independence ( July 4 1776)
1781: Victory at Yorktown, Virginia.Gathering of forces:Three groups:• Wayne’s troops• Washington’s and Rochambeau’s mainA...
The siege of Yorktown. October 19, Cornwallis wassurrendered. The Patriots had wonthe Battle of Yorktown. The victorywoul...
Victory at Yorktown (1781)
The victory at Yorktown, Cornwallis was surrendered
1783:The Treaty of Paris The final Treaty of Paris was signed onSeptember, 1783. The Treaty of Paris was a triumph for the...
1787 – 1789: Constitution written and ratified1787: Delegates fromthe states workedtogether to creat adocument. It was the...
The Constitutional ConventionGeorge Washington waselected to preside overthe Convention.• James Madison becameas the “Fath...
The siege of Yorktown. October 19, Cornwalliswas surrendered. ThePatriots had won the Battleof Yorktown. The victorywould...
The American System of Checks and Balances
The Legislative branch ( Congress):   To make the nation’s laws and   to control   •government spending.   • Congress has ...
The Executive branch(the President and the federal agencies)   • The Executive includes   the President, the vice   Presid...
The Judicial branch  (the federal courts, Supremecourt)   • That would decide the   meaning of laws, explain   laws.   • T...
The Bill of Rights and Amendment• The Bill of Rights becamepart of the Constitution in1791.• The new state constitutionsin...
American PresidentGeorge Washington (1732–1799)
1789 – 1797: George Washington became the first U.SPresident.    • On April 30, 1789,    Washington became the first    pr...
When was GeorgeWashington born?  in 1732Date of marriage & wifesname ?  married with MarthaDandridge Custis in 1759
How he got involved in theindependence effort?    resistance against Great Britainwas in 1769     introduced a bill in the...
Did he see militaryaction during the war?   the Commander of theContinental ForcesWhich party was he in?    never formally...
Accomplishments of George Washington while in office?  · Averted war with France or  Britain neutrality toward conflicts  ...
George Washington Facts –the end of his lifeDate and age of retirement of his life·   on March 1797, at the age of 64· tak...
See you again!
American history
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American history

  1. 1. THE BIRTH OF A NEW NATION 1. Tran Thi Hanh 2. Tran Thi Phuong 3. Nguyen Thu Hang 4. Le Thi Vien 5. Tran Thi Thanh H1.flv
  2. 2. 1. The first colony2. New England colonies3. The Middle colonies4. The Southern colonies
  3. 3. In 1606, King James I gave a charterto build colony in Virginia. John Smith and 144 men in 3 shipsleft England to North America. King Jame I 3 ships : the Discovery, the Godspeed and the Susan Constant John Smith
  4. 4.  In 1612, John Smith published the map of Virginia
  5. 5. 4 12 3
  6. 6. MassachusettsBay
  7. 7.  In 1620, about 40 pilgrims (saint) and 62 other English(strangers) colonist sailed to the New England on the Mayflower
  8. 8. Because of tossing in the stormy Atlantic,the Pilgrims decided not to arrive Virginiaas they had planed, but Cape Cod Bay. 
  9. 9.  The Pilgrims gave the name Plymouth to the place where they finally decided to settle. Plymouth was found as the second permanent settlement in North America and the 1st in New England Plymouth was a part of Massachusetts
  10. 10.  In 1630, John Winthrop led the Puritans toMassachusetts Bay in the coast of NewEngland. John Winthrop
  11. 11. Boston wasthe colony’s 1stsettlement. John Winthropwas elected the 1stgovernor byPuritan men.
  12. 12. Connecticut Connecticut wasfounded in 1636 byThomas Hooker. They had freedom of religion.
  13. 13. Roger Williams Minister, author
  14. 14. New Hampshire1679: Colony ofNew Hampshire wascreated by joiningsmall settlementstogether that werenorth ofMassachusetts.
  15. 15. 12 3 4
  16. 16. New Yorkwas founded in1664Leader : the Dukeof YorkThe early named :New Netherlands. Duke of York
  17. 17. Map of New Netherland in 17th century
  18. 18. Pennsylvani a Founded : 1681 Leader : William Pennhad religious freedomand right to elect publicofficials. William Penn
  19. 19. Delaware In 1682, the Duke of York granted William Penn this land.. The Duke of
  20. 20. 2 1 3 45
  21. 21. VirginiaThe Virginiacolony startedwith Jamestown in 1607
  22. 22. Marylandwas founded in 1634 by George Calvert He believed all of people religiousfreedom, but the king, Charles I
  23. 23. King Charles II Carolina The North Carolina colony was founded in 1663 by English nobles.The South Carolina Colony was founded in1663 by English Colonists
  24. 24.  Georgia was thelast of the Englishcolonies in theNew World.
  25. 25. By 1733, Englishsetters hadfounded 13colonies alongthe Atlantic Coastand then becamethe early states inthe UnitedStates.
  26. 26. Life in the 13 colonies
  27. 27. 13 Colonies New England Colonies The Middle Colonies The Southern Colonies
  28. 28. Life in the 13 colonies Colonial agriculture, forestry, and fishery Colonial food and clothes Colonial religion Colonial education Colonial trade
  29. 29. Colonial agriculture, forestry, and fishery New England coloniesLong & cold winter, and rocky soil: difficult to grow food→ short growing seasonSubsistence farming: farmers produced enough food for the family’s own needs.Cutting down trees to build houses, ships, etc…Fishing, hunting whales and other animals
  30. 30. Colonial agriculture, forestry, and fishery Middle coloniesMild climate, rich soil, long deep rivers→ long growing season.Farmer produced more food: grain and meat to feed themselves & to exportBreadbasket colonies: produced so much grain.
  31. 31. Colonial agriculture, forestry, and fishery Southern coloniesWarmer weather than the others, mild winters.Large area of flat with very rich soil →nearly grow crops throughout the year.3 cash crops: tobaco, rice, & indigo
  32. 32. Colonial food & clothesWhat did they eat? What did they wear?
  33. 33. What did theyeat?Ate lots of grain,seafood(lobsters,clams…)animals(rabbits,squirrels, bears,deers…)Drank more than we donow: water, milk, cideror tea
  34. 34. What did they wear? A mob capA gown
  35. 35. What did they wear?waistcoatbreeches
  36. 36. . Colonial religion New England colonists were Puritans and they were very strict about worshiping in church. The Middle colonists were a mixture of religion: Quakers, Catholics, and Jews. The Southern colonies also had a mixture of religions including Baptist and Anglicans
  37. 37. Colonial education A hornbook
  38. 38. Colonial education Parents wanted their children to learn how to read and write the Bible. Some children went to school and some didn‘t. The schools had only one room and the children had to sit on hard benches. One teacher taught all of the children of every grade level. The children learned from hornbooks. The first school was a Dame School. Girls did not go to school very long. They should know how to care for the house, spin and cook.
  39. 39. Colonial trade  They sold what they produced and bought what they did not produce.  Goods came from two main sourses: Europe and Africa. This came to be known as ‘triangular- trade’.  Slavers who were brought from Africa were viewed as goods or properties, not human beings.
  40. 40. Colonial tradeSlavery shackles
  41. 41. Conclusion The diversity of the 13 colonies offered a great deal of economic possibilities to the British Empire. It would also give the 13 colonies the wealth needed to start becoming a country.
  42. 42. 1. REASONS LEAD TO THE WAR2. THE CONTINENTAL CONGRESS (1774)3. THE REVOLUTION BEGINS (1775)4. THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE (1776)5. THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION (1776-1783)
  43. 43. REASONS LEAD TO THE WARThe Seven Years’ War 1756-1763 The Treaty of Paris in 1763
  44. 44. A map of America after the Treaty of Paris Yellow : Spanish territory. Blue : French territory. Pink : British territory. Peach :British territory under the control of the Hudson Bay Company
  45. 45. The financial problems of British after the Seven Years’ War
  46. 46. The Changes In British Colonial Policy After1763 “No Taxation without Representation”
  47. 47. SUGAR ACT 1764 Cut the duty in half (from 6 to 3 per gallon) Vs New duties on textiles, wine, coffee and Sugar
  48. 48. In the eyes of the colonists, Sugar Act would take away their basic right as British citizens.
  49. 49. STAMPT ACT 1765 Placed tax on all printed material in the colonies
  50. 50. Colonists protest against the Stamp Act
  51. 51. BOSTON TEA PARTY 1773
  52. 52. Trouble in BostonBritish Army (Red coats)
  53. 53. TEA ACT 1773 East India Company’s Tea Without Lower taxes priceBritish East India Company’s Ships
  54. 54. Protested against ActsColonist s Called for a new Boycott on British goods
  55. 55. The Boston Tea Party16 December 1773 Threw chests of tea overbroad
  56. 56. Reaction of Parliament to Boston Tea Party CLOSE THE BOSTON HARBOR
  57. 57. THE CONTINENTAL CONGRESSSeptember 1774 Protested the Laws Prepared for War
  58. 58. CONTINENTAL CONGRESS American interestsSamuel John JayAdams
  59. 59. CONTINENTAL CONGRESS American interestsPatrick Henry Richard Henry George Washington Lee
  60. 60. REVOLUTION BEGINS 1775
  61. 61. British Army New Continental VS Army
  62. 62. Lexington and Concord battles (19 April 1775)
  63. 63. Lexington and Concord Battles
  64. 64. The Battles of Bunker Hill (17 June 1775) Continental Army British Army
  65. 65. 1776 (July 4th): Continental Congressadopted the Declaration of Independence. Drafting the Declaration of Independence  The Declaration of Independence
  66. 66. Drafting a Declaration The committee included Thomas Jefferson,Benjamin Frankin, John Adams Thomas Jefferson was selected to write thedocument. The final draft of Declaration was adopted onJuly 4, 1776.
  67. 67. Drafting the Declaration of Independence: Thomas Jefferson ( 1743- 1826)Thomas Jefferson, John Adams,Benjamin Frankin
  68. 68. The declaration of Independence has four majorsections: The The final introduction The next two section states that sections list proclaims the Government the British existence of exists to Abuses the new protect basic country. human rights
  69. 69. The Declaration of IndependenceThe Declaration of Independence ( July 4 1776)
  70. 70. 1781: Victory at Yorktown, Virginia.Gathering of forces:Three groups:• Wayne’s troops• Washington’s and Rochambeau’s mainAmerican – French Army• The French feet under Admiral De Grassewould meet at Yorktown
  71. 71. The siege of Yorktown. October 19, Cornwallis wassurrendered. The Patriots had wonthe Battle of Yorktown. The victorywould guarantee American’sindependence. The Battle of Yorktown was thelast major Battle of the Revolution.
  72. 72. Victory at Yorktown (1781)
  73. 73. The victory at Yorktown, Cornwallis was surrendered
  74. 74. 1783:The Treaty of Paris The final Treaty of Paris was signed onSeptember, 1783. The Treaty of Paris was a triumph for theAmerican Great Britain recognized the US as anindependence nation.Terms of the Treaty: The territory of the new nation The British promised to withdraw all theirtroops from this expanded American territory.They also agreed to give American the right tofish in the Coast of Canada. The US agreed that British merchants couldcollect debts owned by American. British troops left New York City in lateNovember 1783. The war had truly ended.
  75. 75. 1787 – 1789: Constitution written and ratified1787: Delegates fromthe states workedtogether to creat adocument. It was theConstitution of UnitedStates.In May 1787, thedelegates began arrivingin Philadelphia for themeeting. 55 delegatesbecame. The Constitution of 1787
  76. 76. The Constitutional ConventionGeorge Washington waselected to preside overthe Convention.• James Madison becameas the “Father of theConstitution”.• Madison wrote theVirginia plan. James Madison (1751 – 1836)
  77. 77. The siege of Yorktown. October 19, Cornwalliswas surrendered. ThePatriots had won the Battleof Yorktown. The victorywould guaranteeAmerican’s independence. The Battle of Yorktownwas the last major Battle ofthe Revolution. James Madison (1751 – 1836)
  78. 78. The American System of Checks and Balances
  79. 79. The Legislative branch ( Congress): To make the nation’s laws and to control •government spending. • Congress has two houses, the House of Representative and Senate.  The House: 435 representatives, serve 2 – year terms.  The Senate:100 Senators, serve 6 -year terms.
  80. 80. The Executive branch(the President and the federal agencies) • The Executive includes the President, the vice President, and various executive offices, departments, agencies. • The Executive branch carries out the laws that Congress passes.
  81. 81. The Judicial branch (the federal courts, Supremecourt) • That would decide the meaning of laws, explain laws. • The Supreme Court: the highest court in the federal court system. • Lower federal court:  District courts ( 91 district court in the nation.  Appeals court ( 14 appeals court in the U.S)
  82. 82. The Bill of Rights and Amendment• The Bill of Rights becamepart of the Constitution in1791.• The new state constitutionsincluded sections listingrights of individuals.• Including freedom ofspeech, freedom of the press,freedom of assembly,freedom of religion, and therights to trial by jury.
  83. 83. American PresidentGeorge Washington (1732–1799)
  84. 84. 1789 – 1797: George Washington became the first U.SPresident. • On April 30, 1789, Washington became the first president of the United States, John Adams became vice president. George Washington ( 1732 -1799)
  85. 85. When was GeorgeWashington born? in 1732Date of marriage & wifesname ? married with MarthaDandridge Custis in 1759
  86. 86. How he got involved in theindependence effort? resistance against Great Britainwas in 1769 introduced a bill in the House ofBurgesses calling for a boycott of allBritish goods written by George[Boycott: refuse to have social relationswith aperson or country]
  87. 87. Did he see militaryaction during the war? the Commander of theContinental ForcesWhich party was he in? never formally joined aparty the informal figureheadof the Federalist party [figurehead: nominalleader]
  88. 88. Accomplishments of George Washington while in office? · Averted war with France or Britain neutrality toward conflicts between other nations · Stopped the first uprising against Federal government, known as the Whiskey Rebellion, in 1794. · Established the American precedent of a non-violent transfer of power to new administrations
  89. 89. George Washington Facts –the end of his lifeDate and age of retirement of his life· on March 1797, at the age of 64· take command of all United States armies in1798 participated in the planning for a possible warwith France, but the war never occurred.George Washingtons death in 1799 at age 67.Where was George Washington buried? at his home, Mount Vernon, near Alexandria,Virginia.
  90. 90. See you again!

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