Chapter 3 Jamestown and Plymouth

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Building of the first colonies in America

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Chapter 3 Jamestown and Plymouth

  1. 1. Exploration and Colonization Chapter 3 (Sections 4 and 5) pp. 87-99
  2. 2. Section 4: Building the Jamestown Colony <ul><li>1606 – King James I grants the Virginia Company a charter to establish a colony in North America. </li></ul><ul><li>The location was a swampy area on the James River off the Chesapeake Bay . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Captain John Smith’s Leadership <ul><li>After a rough start due to poor leadership, Smith made these rules: </li></ul><ul><li>Plant food , don’t dig for gold </li></ul><ul><li>Need to work if colonists wanted food </li></ul><ul><li>Set up trade with Native Americans , however colonists often used force to get food and supplies. </li></ul><ul><li> These made Jamestown successful for a short time, but eventually tobacco farming sustained the colony. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Representative Government in Jamestown <ul><li>Representative Government: voters elect people to make laws for all. </li></ul><ul><li>House of Burgesses : The Jamestown form of Rep. Government; Burgesses (elected representatives) worked with the Virginia Co.’s governor to make laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Rep. Gov’t. in England (and her colonies) was based on the principles of the Magna Carta (Great Charter) of 1215. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Section 5: Seeking Religious Freedom <ul><li>Catholics and Protestants were fighting for many years over their different beliefs. </li></ul><ul><li>England named the Anglican Church as the established church (official religion). </li></ul><ul><li>People were persecuted (punished) for not following the established church. </li></ul><ul><li>The Pilgrims were people who wanted to separate from the Anglican Church. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Pilgrim Colony at Plymouth <ul><li>September 1620 – the Pilgrims (and some non-Pilgrims) get a charter to build a colony in Virginia. </li></ul><ul><li>November 1620 – The Mayflower lands on the coast of Massachusetts. </li></ul><ul><li>Since they didn’t land in Virginia their charter did not apply; they needed a new set of laws… </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Mayflower Compact <ul><li>The 41 adult male colonists signed a document outlining how the colony would be governed. </li></ul><ul><li>This developed into a representative government system like the “Great Charter” of Virginia. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Primary Source” p.94 </li></ul>
  8. 8. Early Hardships <ul><li>First Winter in Plymouth: </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of food (too late to plant crops) </li></ul><ul><li>Improper shelter (earthen homes, not wooden) </li></ul><ul><li>Many colonists died the first winter due to the harsh conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Help from Native Americans: </li></ul><ul><li>Local natives who spoke English (Samoset, Squanto) helped the Pilgrims by giving them seeds and teaching planting techniques. </li></ul><ul><li>The next fall was the first Thanksgiving . </li></ul>
  9. 9. Summarize it! <ul><li>On a “half-sheet,” write 3 or 4 sentences that compares the colonies of Jamestown and Plymouth. </li></ul><ul><li>These can be similarities OR differences. </li></ul>

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