Transcript of "American urbanization & new york city"
Ashley Rubio HIST 141
Episode # 2“Order and Disorder” 1825-1865 As a city on the brink ofrevolutionary growth, New Yorktransforms from one of Americansimplicity to a metropolis in themaking. From the 1800s to the 1900swe see population skyrocket fiftytimes over. As the city grows its inhibitorscontemplate whether a new ordercan be created or will the cityexplode into anarchy… 1825- The Erie Canal opens flooding the city of New York with people and culture world wide. City shore lines are developed miles at a time for years. 1830- Industrialization of Manhattan booms creating workforce unmatched by anytime preceding. Manhattan becomes the first and largest district to be directly solely for the purpose of commerce. Hundreds and thousands of businesses and shops are built fueling competition.
Episode # 2 “Order and Disorder” 1825-1865 As growth became too overwhelming, society looked upon news papers to keep theminformed of their surroundings. 1841- Walt Whitman came to the city like many others to find work. Found work at apenny newspaper called the “Aurora” following in the same foot steps of the great JamesGordon Bennett. - Bennett founded the most successful paper of the time, The New York Herald, the first of which to be completely independent from a political party and play a master role in the birth of modern journalism . Influence by his years as a newspaper man, to entice the vast and diversepublic, Phineus T. Barnum opened the American Museum in 1841. --- Until this point on one had managed to cater to the differences in people. --- The museum included: a mermaid from Fiji, a midget named Tom Thumb, and a 3,000 seat lecture room for the middle class. throughout Barnum’s 27 year run of the American Museum he sold an overwhelming42 million tickets, 7 million more than the total inhibitors of the country at that point.
The Great Migration :1845 to 1855 Began on the heels of the Great Potato Famine of Ireland in 1845. Caused a record setting migration of 1.5 million Irish settlers by sail boat, as opposed to stream boat which was popular of the time.Central Park To answer the lack of escape for dwellers of the great metropolis of commerce in New York City, Mayor Fernando Wood requested for entrees of a future park. Entry #33 submitted by both Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux, would soon become one of the most wondrous man made landscape of its time and its future. By the Spring of „59 only a portion of Central Park had been completed and already spanned 1,843 archers.
Episode # 3“Sunshine and Shadow” 1865-1898 As we see ground 1865- Olmsted returns after the Civil War to completebreaking Central Park eight years later.happenings, such as the It is estimated that for years following its finishing theconstruction of Central park draws nearly eight and a half million wanderers aPark finish, we also are year.reminded of the Leading into the 1870s the population of the city growsoverwhelming divide to an alarming 5 million with the poles of itsbetween the poor and socioeconomic scale spanning farther apart than everthe wealthy that both before.reside in the confines ofthe City. The decadesfollowing the Civil Warwill prove to be some ofthe toughestsocioeconomically wewill see in New York’shistory.
Capitalizing on the City Cornelius Vanderbilt- -- After successfully maneuvering the shipping market, Vanderbilt locked in on the railroad industry. -- He understood the game of industry and epitomized the ideal of greed. “Put the roads there, and the people will live there.”Jay Gould & Jim Fisk- -- In 1869, Gould and Fisk took to Wall Street in attempts to corner the Gold market. -- The money the two used was the amount embezzled from investments in the Erie Railroad.John Augustus Roebling- -- On January 26, 1867 the East River froze over leaving all ships docked and shed light on a problem most had hoped would never surface. -- The need for a Bridge to open the doors to expansion of the every growing city was the answer. Roebling would draft a plan for the Brooklyn bridge that would stretch over 1,600 feet long and tower 275 feet high in order to connect Upper Manhattan to Brooklyn which could expand endlessly to Long Island.
Near the end ofthe century duringthe 1890s we see aninflux of millionaireswithin the city ofNew York. It hasbecome a mark ofwealth to flaunt theriches one owns toprove their status tothose around them. However, with the unveiling of the Statue ofNearly 1,800 from Liberty on October 28, 1886 , the city is reminded ofcities like Chicago the mass amount of “common” folk whom have long toand Philadelphia reach this New World where opportunity lives. Fivecame to form what days after the unveiling , Henry George united by thewould be 5th Labor Party, attempted to run for Mayor of New YorkStreet, one of the supported by the migrant poor. He was beat by awealthiest area of wealthy tycoon.the city.
A Merger That PutsNew York on Top By Mike Clough The article circles around the questionof whether or not New York can Clough also hints at the fact thatsuccessfully dominate and capitalize thought other regions are dominatingindustry in the new American age as it in their own right, they only managedid in the old one. to monopolize on one market. the author believes that because ofNew York’s overwhelming abilities fromits past there are no questions for itsdrive in the future. Strong points that were true then andnow are: the ideally place port in w isopen to several industries and its abilityto grasp economic gains from profitablemarkets originally from other regions. AOL is suggested to root itself in NewYork to capitalize the e-commercemarket.
Immigrant and Cities: The City in the Land of the Dollar What makes a good city? Around the countryeven today we see fairshares of cities whosemain purpose is toproduce and those whoseproduction comesunforced but in lowerquantity. Is there a reason whyeven tough Americancities are profitable, theyare by no means theperfect post card image? We investigate Chicago.
After the Great Fire in Chicago, to question ofhow to rebuild the city arose. Chicago was built inthe commercialized and industrial time erectedmuch differently. They were able to adapt their new city to theelevated technologies of the time capitalizing onthe invention of elevators allowing the city togrow not only outward but upward as well. The use of steel benefited in several ways. Asteel frame not only was cheaper but allowed levelsto be built quicker and more soundly. It is in Chicago where the trend of skyscrapersoriginator almost overnight . Housing also expanded and evolved as the citygrew. For the first time city living becameconvenient to works who could rent a near byapartment just blocks from work.
Rebuilding the city was not only able making what was there new, it was aboutfinding to new ways of profiting from the change. Like Olmsted did in New York, therewas a demand for urbanized parks and recreations to draw in the public. Also credited toOlmsted was the creation of Midway Plaisance, created on fair grounds that span over600 acres, which includes the worlds first Ferris wheel which carried 1,500 passengers. Chicago to this day had proved itself to be one of the most innovated cityalways improving what it has and expanding the bounds it has reached.
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