Jesuit relations part 1


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Jesuit relations part 1

  1. 1. THE JESUITRELATIONS Ashley Rubio HIST 140
  2. 2. Introduction… The Jesuits were a religiously affiliated group of well educated men founded in 1534 by Ignatius of Loyola Jesuits involved themselves with all known Native Americans of the time. Dedicating their time especially to the Hurons, Iroquois, Algonquins, and Montagnais during their time of colonization. Natives accepted the help and influence of the French for many reason new technologies, good, and tool. Several Natives converted to Christianity at the persuasion of the Jesuits.
  3. 3. Introduction…  Relations of the Jesuit were published in Paris bwtween1632 and 1673.  They recount the any and all interactions with the Natives during the time of colonization and their efforts teach and influence.
  4. 4. Chapter 1: Montagnais Hunters of the Northern WoodlandsFather Le Jeune: Convoyed with  They had strong values unlike the a band ofMontagnais into a colonized white man they were hunt in 1633. not interested in power or greed, The journey was long lasing until but what would benefit or providethe spring of 1634 pride for their tribe. . Jeune observed  Noting their impressive staturethe Native closely swift, tall, and agile. and reported his observations.
  5. 5. Chapter 1: Montagnais Hunters of the Northern Woodlands The Montagnais proved to have a simplistic yet impactful process of problem solving. With both adults and children the act of giving was implement instead of punishment.  If someone was killed the perpetrator was obligated to provide gifts as settlement for life to the victims family.  During child altercations the victimized child would be presented a gift rather then administering a punishment to the wrong doer.
  6. 6. Chapter 2:Jean de Brebeuf on the Hurons  Huron devoted strongly to their spiritual beliefs. Dreams were held at a very high importance often trumping reality. Native  Rituals included both sacrifices of praise and American appeasement.Hurons were  Rule and council was very strict which was enforced by those who their type of lawful system tended to  Murders were prosecuted on behalf of the entire family. keep in largergroups and who the Jesuits focused on from 1634- 1649
  7. 7. Chapter 2:Jean de Brebeuf on the Hurons  The Huron performed 4 main feasts:  The Feast of the Dead: occurring only every twelve years, mass burial of villagers whom had passed. Represented the celebratory importance and significance of the immortal soul.  Farewells  Thanksgiving & Gratitude  Singing & Eating  Deliverance of a sick person
  8. 8. Chapter 3: Medicine and Disease The Jesuits  Spirituality had a role in most noted that aspects of the Native life and the Natives help far disease was no exception to this. different  If a tribe member fell ill it wouldviews on the medicine mark the sign of a demon. and diseasethan those of  Shamans were individuals that were the New sought after to help heal the ill. World or the Modern  Baptism was sometime sought after World of the to help heal as well. time.
  9. 9. Chapter 3:Medicine and DiseaseDisease Outbreaks:• 1637: Influenza • Was believed by the Huron to be caused by the Jesuits who were now inhabiting their territory.• 1639: Smallpox • Left a devastating amount dead further leading the Indians to question the Jesuits further
  10. 10. Chapter 4: Diplomacy and War The ability  After being in a truce with the French for the for a couple years ideas began to Europeans clash with the Algonquins and the and the Native Mohawks in 1647. Americans  Not even Jesuits could avoid theto see eye to eye was repercussions of war during the timealways more of colonization. difficult than not. Whenthere was anunderstandin g it was surely short lived.
  11. 11. Chapter 4: Diplomacy and War Following the problems with the French the Huron were also targeted by the Iroquois. In conquering St. Ignace, the Iroquois focused on eliminating the Hurons people as a whole and in deed did do so capturing women and children while wiping out the forces of men.