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English grammer in use

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For more detail please visit my website www.tothepointLEARNING.com …

For more detail please visit my website www.tothepointLEARNING.com

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  • 1. byA. H. Siddiquie
  • 2. THERE ARE 3 TENSES … Present, Past and Future 1. Present Indefinite 2. Present Continuous Present Tenses 3. Present Perfect 4. Present Perfect Continuous 1. Past Indefinite Past Tenses 2. Past Continuous 3. Past Perfect 4. Past Perfect Continuous 1. Future Indefinite 2. Future Continuous Future Tenses 3. Future Perfect 4. Future Perfect Continuous
  • 3. THERE ARE 3 TENSES … Present, Past and FuturePresent Tenses1. Present Indefinite or Present Simple2. Present Continuous3. Present Perfect4. Present Perfect Continuous • Jumlay kay aakhir main “taa hai, tee hai, tay hain” waghera aata hai.Uses…We use the PRESENT SIMPLE tense to talk about facts; things which are true in past, present andfuture. If the action lies only in the past, present or future, another tense has to be used.1. The present simple expresses a fact which is always true, or true for a longtime.  He comes from England. (Wo England say aata hai)  She works in a shop. (Wo dukaanmain kaam kertee hai)2. It also expresses a habit.  He works all weekdays. (Wo huftay kay tamaam din kaam kertaa hai)  She goes to work by bus. (Wo kaam per bus say jatee hai)
  • 4. THERE ARE 3 TENSES … Present, Past and FuturePresent Tenses1. Present Indefinite or Present Simple2. Present Continuous3. Present Perfect4. Present Perfect Continuous • I start at 7:00. • You start at 7:00. • We start at 7:00. • They start at 7:00.Structure (Affirmative)… • He starts at 7:00. • She starts at 7:00. • It starts at 7:00. Subject + 1st form of a verb + Object • Ali starts at 7:00. • Office opens at nine. I You start We They at 7:00 He She starts It Singular name
  • 5. THERE ARE 3 TENSES … Present, Past and FuturePresent Tenses1. Present Indefinite or Present Simple2. Present Continuous • Most verbs: .3. Present Perfect add –s to infinitive.4. Present Perfect Continuous * play – plays * stay – stays * work – works • Verbs ending inStructure (Affirmative)… “-s, -z, -ch, -sh, -o, -x” add “-es” to infinitives. *miss – misses *teach – teaches Where to add “s” & where to add “es” *buzz – buzzes *watch – watches Add (s/es with verb 1st form in case of 3rd Person Singular) * fix – fixes * push – pushes I » First person singular I Play go study • Verbs ending in consonant + “Y”: You » Second person singular You Play go study change “Y” to “i” and He/She/It/Name » Third person singular He/She/It/Name Play(s) go(es) Stud(ies) then add “–es”. We » First person singular We Play go study *fly – flies You » Second person singular You Play go study *cry – cries They » Third person singular They Play go study *hurry – hurries *reply – replies • Exceptions: *have – has *go – goes *do – does
  • 6. THERE ARE 3 TENSES … Present, Past and FuturePresent Tenses1. Present Indefinite or Present Simple2. Present Continuous3. Present Perfect4. Present Perfect Continuous • When we make negative, we use do not or don’t / does not or doesn’t.Structure (Negative)… Subject + do not/ does not + Verb Infinitive • I do not work. In “Negative we use the following structure: • You do not work. • We do not work. I • He does not work. do not You • She does not work. or We • It does not work. don’t • They do not work. They start at 7:00 • Ali does not work. He does not She or It doesn’t Singular name
  • 7. THERE ARE 3 TENSES … Present, Past and FuturePresent Tenses 1. Present Indefinite or Present Simple 2. Present Continuous 3. Present Perfect 4. Present Perfect Continuous • In questions, the subject comes after do/ does. • In questions with Structure (Interrogative or Question)… does, there is no “s” at the end of the main verb. Do/ Does + Subject + Verb Infinitive1) With question words: who, what, when, etc. 2) Without a question word (yes-no questions) I I You You do do We We They They When Start? Work? He He She She does does It It Singular name Singular name
  • 8. THERE ARE 3 TENSES … Present, Past and FuturePresent Tenses1. Present Indefinite or Present Simple2. Present Continuous3. Present Perfect4. Present Perfect ContinuousExerciseNow make the following sentences negative/into questions. 1. You want to go to the cinema. 2. She likes eating chocolate. 3. I play football every Saturday. 4. He sees his grandmother once a week. 5. They do the shopping on Wednesdays after work. 6. We listen to music when we want to relax. 7. Office opens at nine. 8. I live in Karachi. 9. Sun rises in the east. 10. I get up early everyday. 11. It rains heavily in August.http://www.tothepointlearning.com