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# Tenses

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### Tenses

1. 1. Tenses yang dipergunakandalambahasaInggrisitujumlahnyaada 16 waktu, yanglebihdikenaldengansebutan “16 tenses “.Makalebihjelasnyaperhatikanbentuk-bentukwaktuberikut: 1. Dilakukanuntukmelakukanperbuatankebiasaan (+) He is works every day (-) He is not works every day  Present tense (?) Is he works every day?  Present continous tense  Past tense 2. Digunakanuntukmenyatakansuatukebenaranumum:  Past continous tense (+) A week has seven day  Simple future tense (-) A week has not seven day  Past future tense (?) Has a week seven day?  Present perfect tense   Past perfect tense Future continous tense c. Time Signal 1. Usually  Present perfect continous tense Ex: I usually get up at 5 o’clock  Past perfect continous tense 2. Always  Future perfect tense Ex: I always drink milk  Future perfect continous tense 3. Often  Future past continous tense Ex: I often goes to my grand mother house  Future past perfect tense 4. Generally  Future past perfect continous tense Ex: A rectangular has four corner 5. Seldom Ex: She seldom goes to school by cara. PRESENT TENSE b. Present Continous Tenses a. Rumus  Positif (+) = S+V1(es/s)+O  Negatif (-) = S+Do/does+Not+V1+O a. *Rumus:  Introgatif(?) =Do/does+S+V1+O  Positif : S+V.ing+O *Example:  Negatif : S+do/does+not+V1+O  Introgatif : Do/does +S+V1+O 1. (+) He writes a letter every month (-) He doesn’t writes a letter every month *Example: (?) Dors he writes a letter every month? 1. (+) I am teaching English at the first grade of SMK 2 MEI (-) I am not teaching English at the first grade of SMK 2 MEI 2. (+) She teaches English every week (?) Am I teaching Englidh at the first grade of SMK 2 MEI? (- ) She doesn’t teaches English every week (?) Does she teaches English every week? 2. (+) you are writing present continousnow (-) you are not writing present continous now (?) are you writing present continous now? 3. (+) They studysmatematic every day (- ) They don’t studysmatematic every day 3. (+) we are learning tenses now (?) Do they studysmatematic every day? (-) we are not learning tenses now (?) are we learning tenses now? 4. (+) She works in the office every Monday to Saturday (- ) She doesn’t works in the office every Monday to Saturday 4. (+) I am going to school now (?) Does she works in the office every Monday to Saturday? (-) I am not going to school now (?) Am I going to school now? 5. (+) They go to Jakarta every years (- ) They don’t go to Jakarta every years 5. (+) Daus and Anis are running now (? ) Do they go to Jakarta every years? (-) Daus and Anis are not running now (?) are Daus and Anis running now? b. Pungsi Present Tense
2. 2. b. Fungsi Present Continous Tense 5. (+) It rain since at five o’clock (-) It did not rain since at five o’clock 1. Digunakanuntukmenyatakanperbuatan yang sedangterjadi (?) Did it rain since at five o’clock? (+) I am going to Jakarta Now (-) I am not going to Jakarta now (?) Am I going to Jakarta now? 2. Digunakanuntukmenyatakansuatuperbuatan yang bersifatsementara b. FUNGSI PENGGUNAAN PAST TENSES (+) Chindy is writing now but he will explain soon Digunakanuntukmenyatakansuatukejadian yang dimulaidankejadianituberakhir ,padamasa (-) Chindy is not writing now but he will explain soon yang lampau. Dan sampaisekarangini ,sudahtidakadahubungannyalagi. Kejadian yang (?) Is Chindy writing now but he will explain soon? lampauitu, baikdilakukansecaraberkali-kali atausekali. (+) I went yesterday (-) I did not went yesterday c. (?) Did I went yesterday? Time Signal 1. Today Ex : Iam today teaching English 2. Right now c. TIME SIGNAL Ex : Rini is working right now 1. Last Year 3. When Ex: I went to Yogjakarta last year Ex : Rina is coming hear when I go to park 4. Now 2. Yesterday Ex: Dini went to my home yesterday Ex : Roy is going to Bandung now 5. Still 3. Last Week Ex : He is still angry to me Ex: I fineshed my worked lasr week 4. Ago Ex: She taught English three days ago 5. Last Saturday Ex: I went to here last Saturdayc. PAST TENSES a. *Rumus: d. Past Continous Tenses  (+) : S+V2+O  (-) : S+Did not+V2+O a. *Rumus:  (?): Did+S+V2+O 1. (+): S+was/were+vVing+O *Example: 2. (-): S+was/were+not+v.ing+o 3. (?): was/were+S+v.ing+o 1. (+) Sarah invite me last week (-) Sarah did not invite last week (?) Did Sarah invite last week? *Examp;e: 2. (+) I went to Jakarta yesterday 1. (+)The third year student were sitting behind the teacher’s now yesterday (-) I went not to Jakarta yesterday (-) The third year student were not sitting behind the teacher’s now yesrterday (?) went I to Jakarta yesterday? (?) Were the third year student sitting behind the teacher’s now yesterday? 2. (+) He was playing football yesterday 3. (+) You watch tv last week (-) He was not playing football yesterday (-) You did not watch tv last week (?) was he playing football yesterday? (?) Did you watch tv last week? 4. (+) I wrote letter to her last week 3. (+) They were working in the office yesterday (-) I wrote not letter her last week (-) They were not working in the office yesterday (?) Wrotw I letter her last week? (?) Were they working in the office yesterday?