There are The Present three The Past Main tenses The FutureEACH TENSE HAS FOUR FORMSSIMPLE: Present, Past, FutureCONTINUOUS: Present, Past, FuturePERFECT: Present, Past, FuturePERFECT CONTINUOUS: Present, Past, Future
USESSIMPLE PRESENT TENSE Repeated ActionsPresent Form Of verb Habitual Actions ORPresent Form Of Verb + Universal Truth ‘s’ or ‘ es ’ A Future ActionExamples: 6. Our school re-opens in July. 7. Ram doesn’t go to school .1.I drink tea daily. 8. I don’t like to read sad2. She drinks tea daily. stories.3. I sing well. 9. Does he know the way?4. She sings well. 10. Doesn’t he play rugby? 5. Honesty is the best policy.
Simple Present Present Continuous Present Perfect Present Perfect I have played. I am playing. ContinuousI play. I have been playing for two hours. Simple Past Past Continuous Past Perfect Past Perfect I played. I had played. I was playing. Continuous I had been playing when you came.Simple Future Future Continuous Future Perfect Future Perfect I will haveI will play. I will be playing. Continuous played. I will have been playing for two hours at 2 o’clock.
• PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE• Is, am, are + Present Participle• Uses:• To describe an action that : Is happening at the moment of speaking. Going on over a period of time.• Examples:• 1. It is raining.• 2. She is watching her brother play.
• PRESENT PERFECT TENSE• has/ have +Past Participle Uses:• To describe an action: Which has been completedor done just now, near the present time. An action that has taken place• In the past, but the action has• Its effect In the present. An action that began in the past,• and is continuing in the present.• Examples:1. He has eaten all the biscuits.2. He has lived here for ten years.
• PRESENT PERFECT• CONTINUOUS# Has been/ have been +• Present ParticipleUse:• To describe an action• Which began in the past but• Is still continuing in the• present.• Examples:1. He has been sleeping for five hours.2. They have been working• since 9a.m.
PRESENT TENSE PRESENT CONTINUOUS SIMPLE PRESENT I AM READING. I/WE/THEY/YOU READ. YOU/WE/THEY ARE READING. SHE/HE/IT READS. SHE/HE/IT IS READING. PRESENT PERFECT PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS I/ WE/ THEY/YOU HAVE BEENI/WE/THEY/YOU HAVE READ. READING +TIME. SHE/HE /IT HAS READ. SHE/HE/IT HAS BEEN READING +TIME.
COMMON MISTAKES IN TENSES1.It is raining since yesterday. X It has been raining since yesterday.2. I reached the station before the train had arrived. X I had reached the station before the train arrived.3. Yesterday we had seen the movie. X Yesterday we saw the movie.4. I had been playing a match. I had been playing a match yesterday, socouldn’t go out with my friends.