FINAL PROJECTVERBAL TENSESGRAMMAR 2Professor, Laura NaranjoStudent, Gabriela AlvarezApril, 2012
LayoutCover pageIntroductionTheory and dynamicsPracticeGames and related linksConclusionReferences (at least 5)
As a selection of one of the most important topic that, in my opinion, wehave studied during the quarter, the intention I want to follow with thispresentation is not only a self-assess about the gained knowledge but also toshare it with my classmates, and at the same time it could serve to the professoras a measurement of the individualized achievement of the initial coursesobjectives, y also allow me to storage important material that can be very usefulduring all my career.From all the topics that we saw; I chose one; which is not exactly the most easilyunderstood and assimilated by me, if not the opposite; in which I found greaterdegree of difficulty and I think is the most extensive and may include or relate tothe other`s, With the object of being rechecked of important details, in order tounderstand them better and especially to spend a little more time in thepracticing them.I hope my proposal will help you as much as helped me to continue expandingour English knowledge and that this language every day becomes to be a bettertool for our intellectual and professional development .
VERBAL TENSES To use correctly past, future and present tenses, there arejust a few rules to keep in mind. For example If you know how touse the present progressive correctly to express present actions,you will as well be able to use the past progressive correctly toexpress past actions. See graphically is a good way to memorizethings, topics, rules, formulas etc, and I consider this GraphicComparison is a good tool that could help us to understand howand when to use which tense verb in each case.
moment in time o action that takes place once, never or several times o actions that happen one after another o actions that suddenly take place period of time o action that started before a certain moment and lasts beyond that moment o actions taking place at the same time Result o action taking place before a certain moment in time o puts emphasis on the resultCourse / Duration o action taking place before a certain moment in time o puts emphasis on the course or duration of the action
SIMPLE TENSE Past Present Future Simple Present, I, you, we, and Future I Simple, Simple Past, regular verb to add e, They, verb in base form, for she, will /going to irregular verbs in past tense, d he and it. to add s + in base form Explanation Neg. form, I, you, we, and They Neg. form; didn`t + verb in based don`t, she, he and it. doesn`t + Neg. form Will not/wont form verb in based form + verb in based for They like (she likes) to play He (we) will / is (are) going to Regular Verbs He played football last night guitar. buy a new car.Ex She saw a tiger when she went to The same rule to regular (i) verb, The same rule to regular (i) verb, Iregular Verbsa Africa. it doesn`t require conjugation it doesn`t require conjugationmpl We don’t play guitar, It doesn`t Negative, Regular Verbs He didn`t move his hand He will not/wont to buy a new care mean nothings The same rule to regular (i) verb, The same rule to regular (i) verb, The same rule to regular (i) verb, Negative, Iregular Verbs it doesn`t require conjugation it doesn`t require conjugation it doesn`t require conjugation
PROGRESSIVE TENSE Past Present Future Past Progressive, verb to be Present Progressive verb to Future I Progressive will (was, were) + verb in ing be(m, is, are,) + verb in ing /going to + verb to be + verb in ing Explanation He will be sending a e-mail to Regular Verbs He was playing football last night They are (she is) playing the guitar. youExa She was selling bananas in the The same rule to regular (i) verb, it The same rule to regular (i) verb, Iregular Verbsm market. doesn`t require conjugation it doesn`t require conjugationpl He will not/wont be helping toe Negative, Regular Verbs He didn`t move his hand We arent playing the guitar you.s The same rule to regular (i) verb, it The same rule to regular (i) verb, it The same rule to regular (i) verb, Negative, Iregular Verbs doesn`t require conjugation doesn`t require conjugation it doesn`t require conjugation
PERFECT SIMPLE TENSE Past Present Future Future II Simple Past Perfect Simple had + past Present Perfect Simple She, he it (has) WeExplanation Will have + past participle participle They (have) + past participle Regular Verbs She had loved her friend until today She will has worked in the first . He has (we have) spoken in the conference project E x Iregular Verbs a He had won five matches until that We will have won five matches by m day. He has (we have) won five matches so far. then. p l Negative, Regular e Verbs She had not loved her friend until She won’t have worked in the first s today .I have not loved you any more project. Negative, Iregular Verbs He had not won any matches until We have not seen any giraffe never in our that day. country He wont have won matches by then.
PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSE Past Present Future Present Perfect Progressive She, he, it ( Future II Progressive She, he, it ( Past Perfect Progressive had been + Explanation has been ), We , they (have been) + will has been ), We , they ( will verb in ing verb in ing have been) + verb in ing He had been playing singing the same He has (they have) been singing the He will have been playing Regular Verbs song until she learned new one. same song during all our vacations football for ten years.Ex The same rule to regular (i) verb, it The same rule to regular (i) verb, it The same rule to regular (i) verb, Iregular Verbsa doesn`t require conjugation doesn`t require conjugation it doesn`t require conjugationmpl He had not been reading any book We haven’t been selling during this She will not has been delivering Negative, Regular Verbse until that day season potatoes for two weeks.s He had not won any matches until that We have not seen any giraffe never in He wont have won matches by Negative, Iregular Verbs day. our country then.
Matching exerciseMatch the verbal tense to each sentenceMatch the items on the right to the items on the left.Check•1. Simple Tense, future ---- He played football last night•2. Perfect simple tense, present ---- She had loved her friend until today•3. Perfect Progressive tense, past ---- He had been singing the same song until she learned a new one•4. Simple Tense, past ---- He will buy a new car•5. Perfect Simple tense , past ---- She likes to eat rice
Completing this project has been really challenging forme, not just about the English learning but also in the researchingthat I applied on it and to practice how to develop an academicwork, long time faraway from school and I had even forgotten howto make a presentation .I achieved the main goal; to understandthe searched topic! It is more clear to me now, and as I said in myintroduction I hope it was so helpful to my classmates and teacheras it was to me.
ReferencesInternet web pages1. URL, http://hot-potatoes.softonic.com/ (04/24/2012)2. URL, http://translate.google.co.cr (04/16/2012)3. URL, http//grupos.emagister.com/ficheros (04/19/2012)4. URL, www.apastyle.org/elecref/html (04/25/2012)Books Marjorie Fuchs, ( 2006, 2000, 1995) Focus on Grammar 3, work book, thrid edition, United States of America. Lourie Frazier, Robin Mills, (2009, 2004, 1998) North Star book 2, thrid edition, United States of America