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PROCESS OF RESEARCH Problem DataIdentification Collection Literature Data Conclusion Review Analysis Formulation 2
PROCESS OF RESEARCH 9 8 Report 1 Formulate Findings Identify Conclusions Research Problem 7 Organize and 2 Analyze Data Review Previous 6 Work Collect Data 5 3 Design Research 4 Formulate Specific Procedure Research Formulate Objectives Hypotheses 3
Criteria in Research Problem Selection• Problem Characteristics – Novelty and Originality – Practical Value – Availability of Data• Researcher’s Characteristics – Researcher’s Special Qualification/s – Researcher’s Interest/s• Process Feasibility – Time Requirement – Cost – Hazards and Hardships – Availability of Facilities 4
How Do You Select a Problem?• Interest – of interest to the researcher – of interest to others• Size – Macro in size: often too large for satisfactory results to be obtained• Economy – think about the possibility of receiving some support; – both financial and non-financial• Researcher’s Capabilities and Limitations – Organize a Panel in your are of study to monitor you progress. – Have people willing to support you throughout the research.• Uniqueness – may change the methods used; – modify the design; – use a different sample; or – choose to perform different statistical analyses. 5