indore city


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City indore & its future aspects...!!

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indore city

  1. 1. Presented by :- Abhijeet kumarIndore . A commercial city (urban planning) 1st sem
  2. 2. R Popul State or Densitya ation Rural Urban Area Sex union % (pern (2011 Pop. Pop. km² ratio teritory km²)k ) uttarpra 199,58 16.49 131,658, 34,539,5 240,921 828 908 desh 1,520 % 339 82 8 Maharas 112,37 55,777,6 41,100,9 307,712 9.29% 365 946 htra 2,972 47 80 3 103,80 74,316,7 8,681,803 Bihar 8.58% 94,163 1102 916 4,637 09 0 West 91,347 57,748,9 22,427,24 7.55% 88,752 1030 908 bengal ,736 46 51 Andhra 84,665 55,401,0 20,808,9 275,045 7.00% 308 912 Pradesh ,533 67 40 5 Tamil 72,138 34,921,6 27,483,9 130,056 5.96% 555 945 Nadu ,958 81 98 8 Madhya 72,597 44,380,8 15,967,1 308,247 6.00% 236 930 Pradesh ,565 78 45 5 Rajastha 68,621 43,292,8 13,214,3 342,238 5.67% 201 926 n ,012 13 75 9 Madhya Pradesh .
  3. 3.  Bhopal, Indore, sager, Jabalpur, Gwalior and Ujjain are six major cities of Madhya Pradesh Indore has the highest development rate in compare to the other cities with respect to infrastructures and is the busiest & most advanced business hubs in India UrbanRank Agglomeration Persons 1 Greater Mumbai 1,63,68,084 2 Kolkata 1,32,16,546 3 Delhi 1,27,91,458 4 Chennai 64,24,624 5 Bangalore 56,86,844 6 Hyderabad 55,33,640 13 Nagpur 30,22,965 14 Indore 24,39,044 22 jabalpur 20,90,486 29 bhopal 18,76,598  Madhya Pradesh town and cities
  4. 4. Stage wise urban transformation No. year Area in kms popullation 1 1741 N.A N.A 2 1800 4.0 20000 3 1850 9.0 40000 4 1900 13.4 99.880 5 1950 17.2 3,10,859 6 2000 131.5 20,00000 7 2011 145 26,00000 8 2020 N.A 3200000 Early settlementsGrowth Pattern
  5. 5. Gradual change from a villageindareshwar to a commercial city Indore.
  6. 6. Year- 1950Population:3,10,859. Area:17.2 Sq.Km.1. Development Of The Industrial Township At Northern Part: Sanwer, Pologround.2. The City Started Expanding Towards The North And East-west Direction Due To The Development Of Industries In Dewas,Pithampur And Sanwer.3. The Suburbs Developed Fast.4. With Growing Industrialization And Better Connectivity, Rapid Development Of The City Took Place. This Resulted Into LargeScale Migration And Sudden Increase In Population.Year- 2000Population: 20, 00000.Area: 131.0sq.Km.1. The River Edges Became Close With Industrial Buildings And The River Was Lost To The City.2. The Area Between Development Axis And Industrial Area On North Side Got Saturated.3. Large Scale Slum-dwellers And Encroachments, Unthoughtful Changing In Land-uses And Lack Of Management Of Resources Has Resulted Into Fast Depletion Of Land And Water Resources.Year- 2010Population: 2600000 (Envisaged).Area: 145 Sq.Km.1. City Considered Under Jnnurm For UrbanDevelopment.2. Lot Of Encroachments Planned To Be Removed, Still City And Periphery Covered For Residential And Commercial Use Like Beehives.3.Large Scale Residential And Commercial Development.4.Roads Being Reconstructed Under Brts
  7. 7. The average growth rate of Indore has been 40% which is higher as compared to the national growth rate @25.7 % Female population is 912 per 1000 males, which indicates difficult housing situation for working migrants.An Urban Agglomerations denotes a continuous urbanspread and normally consists of a town and itsadjoining urban outgrowths or two or more physicallycontiguous towns together with well recognisedoutgrowths. Population density of indore
  8. 8.  Maharaja invited European experts to submit proposals for Indore’s urban development plan. Among these was the structure plan prepared by Patrick Geddes . He had proposed the segregation of work areas while simultaneously maintaining a ‘work place’to ‘folk place’ relationship. He also proposed a railway track circumscribing the city, as well astree-lined boulevards along with eastern and western banks of the river. Low-density residentialareas like Manoramaganj and Snehlataganj are said to have been developed according to hisproposal  Indore’s rulers took keen interest in modern urban planning at the beginning of the 20th century. Natural barriers of steep land with hills haverestricted the growth of Indore towards thewest and therefore the city has extended itselfin the eastern direction, but these physicalconstraints are no barriers for peri-urbandevelopment now. Industrial areas and informalsectors have developed in the northern parts,while middle and high income districts are in thesouth.With establishment of Indore developmentauthority (IDA) and Indore municipalcorporation (IMC) all the planning anddevelopments are being planned & executedby these two agencies.Tough sometime there is direct interventionof town & country planning office (TCPO)bhopal. Urban transformation of Indore
  9. 9. Geographically Indore spreads in an area of 145 sq.kms. (Source : town planning deptt.) Land use Area Perca (hectures) ntage % residential 4449 53% commercial 550 6% industrial 793 9% Public 1071 13% /semipublic recreational 279 3% transport 1273 15% waterbodies 128 1% Complexity in the planning can be observe in theIn the development plan-1991, 1500 hectares of land centre as these were the areas with earlywas provided for industrial purpose but according to settlement which were spontaneous and organicmaster plan 2011, 2200 hectares of land is needed for As with the development a better understanding wasthe same. Hence 700 hectares additional land has to observe and roads started to be longer in lengthbe additionally planned intelligently for industry. As far connecting to the major roadsas location is considered, industries have beenclassified into four categories viz. general, obnoxious, Land use distributionagro-based, household and services industries  Indore in present scenario
  10. 10. Indore is the commercial capital of Central India with Large, Medium and Small scale industriesThese industries range from Automobiles to Pharmaceutical and from Petroleum Refineries to Textile.Indore‟s major source of income is from Education, Textile, Jewellery and Metal works Industries. With an establishment of automobile industry production of optical fiber for telecommunication also started which in past 5 yrs had generated a business of 3000 corers and thus giving direct or indirect employment to 35000 people‟s.Indore contributes to about 40% of the total productivity of the State and about 7% of the total investments in equity markets in India.The surplus labour, which was unable to enter the formal market/sector was mainly absorbed in the informal sector.Major industrial areas in and surrounding the city include the Pithampur Special Economic Zone and the Sanwer Industrial belt having about 2000 factories of various sizes . Pithampur is also known as „Detroit of India‟ indores ECONOMIC CONDITION
  11. 11.  In today’s development scenario Indore is the fastest developing cities of India Chatrasaal choraha  Infrastructure in Indore facilitates production of goods, services and also the distribution of finished products to the market. Treasure market Indore is also good in basic social services such as hospitals and educational institution. Itis only city in india to have both the prime institution IIT & IIM. Indore medical college infrastructure and devlopment approach
  12. 12. Source Approx. The water supply in the city is unsatisfactory on account of high Daily losses and inefficiencies in the system. Supply (Ml/day)  The growth of urban population, estimated at 4% to 5% per annum, and the rapid urbanisation has significant influence on water demand and exerting MIN MAX pressures on the available water sources, leading to over exploitation ofNarmada Water 140 140Supply Project: groundwater resources. Around 68 per cent of city‟s population receives water between one or two hours every alternative day, while the otherYashwant Sagar 18 27 Tank on areas augment supplies by water tankers.Gambhir River: Municipal 13 18 SN yea deman supply deficit r d Tubewells All figures in MLD Bilawali Tank 0 4.5 1 1947 37.00 25.90 7.50Water available 171 199.5 (ML/day) 2 1970 73.0 47.50 25.50 Theoretical 72 84 UN Habitat in co-ordinationpercapita water litre/d litre/ with Asian development bankavailabilitybas ay day 3 1977 109 113.50 ----- is checking the present ed 4 1989 157 113.50 43.50 water supply situation in 30 % losses 5 1992 177 180.22 ----- Indore. In (2.22 million view of the proposed new people) 6 2001 270 190.00 80.00 MLD - Mega Litre per day (1 Mega Litre = 1000 water augmentation scheme Kilo Litre) 7 2011 378 199.50 162.50 to supply more water to Indore through a new $240 water supply and resources million pipeline
  13. 13. Due to rapid urbanization ,people from the different parts of the country is migrating toward Indore insearch of employment and thus they land up to the place with low rental (congested) places .SLUMS…Slum less Indore has still to remain pipeline …??.... The project under JNNURM has suffered due to IMCfailure to utilize the funds before purpose of and escalation of the cost.Under SRRA the city should have become free from slum by march 2010 Target is not achieved, 5yr scheme of JNNURM is about to endToday 35 % of cities total To have a slum less Indore IDA hadpopulation lives in slum and another been indulging in large scale brutal15 % in unauthorized colonies without demolition of slum without any priorany adequate infrastructure. Thus management to rehabilitate themadding upto 50 % to informal sector thus leaving the mass homeless. Reforms and devlopment approach
  14. 14. Indore city is well connected by anexpressway, several national and statehighways, whereas rail networkbifurcates the city exactly from thecentre The city transportation system ispredominantly dependent on roadwaysystems. Indore to bhopal express way Connectivity of Indore
  15. 15. As the city transport system basically depends upon the road network which further categorised by travel pattern o A.B. Road Corridor (Mangliya to Rau) -23.80 Kms o Eastern Ring Road Corridor -23.65 Kms o River Side Road Corridor -14.50 Kms o Western Ring Road Corridor -15.90 Kms o M.R.10 Corridor (Bypass to Ujjain Road) -8.71 Kms o RW-2 (Ujjain Road to Airport) -9.50 Kms o Maximum of the population east of Indore reside within the 1 km distance from A.B. road and eastern ring road corridor. o About 75 per cent professional education institutes are located on the outer ring of the city and maximum of the Student population reside within the walking distance of the proposed corridors (M.R.10, A.B. Road, western ring road). o The proposed corridors are easily assessable from the existing road network of the city. City in context to road devlopment
  16. 16. AB RAOD AND OTHER RING ROADS75 mt width road section having a bus rapid transport system at thecentre whereas bycycle track at the edges Airport road60 mt width road section having a bus rapid transport system at thecentre whereas bycycle track at the edgesCity in context to road devlopment
  17. 17.  River side road section  30 mt wide internal roads As the city transport system is dominated by roadways and so to have a smooth and fast flow of traffic emphasis is given to have a constant flow to public transportCity in context to road development
  18. 18. Bus rapid transit system [brts]Bus Rapid Transit System is a new form of public public transportation which isan emerging approach to using buses as an improved high-speed transit system.Exclusive Lanes. Traffic lanes reserved for the exclusive use of buses help busespass congested traffic.Implementation of BRTS will reduce the cost of public transportation and withan ability to have fast access to the city will lead in popularizing the publictransport and thus reducing dependability on private vehicles.
  19. 19. Rapid economic growth has created a growing need for dependable and reliablesupplies of electricityIn today’s world Electricity is a basic need and in all future development andgrowth in relation to each & every sectors Major part of electricity requirement of the city is fulfilled by Indira sagar project, Omkareshwar project, lancoamarkantac and the Gencp hydel 2011 2020 mu Percentage % of total mu Percentage % of totalResidential 494533.94 50.42 60 799990.6 44.88 54.5Commerci 172465.87 17.58 21 433559.2 24.32 29.5alIndustrial 114413.31 11.67 14 161671.5 9.07 11Municipal 182517.57 18.61 3 355200 19.93 2.7Irrigation 3119.23 0.32 0.4 4419.73 0.25 0.4(Agri)Other 13707.36 1.40 1.6 27712.94 1.55 1.9sectorTOTAL 980757.28 1782553.5Demand 159.94 (75% 271.32(70% L.F.) Energy scenario L.F.)
  20. 20. Indore is a fast growing city as far as commerce, industry and population is concerned. For life of any successful urban centre: 1. Heart line is water supply system 2. Brain line is the knowledge of residents. 3. Life line is accessibility and approach to the city. Indore’s road network is very strong. It is the biggest cross-section centre of India related to goods trading through road-ways India’s first private radio channel (Radio-Mirchi) and first private land-line telephone service (Airtel) came to Indore as people of Indore have highest paying capacity in India Major problem in Indore is Water, which is unable to meet the demand. Floating population is high due to Indore being educational hub of Central India, thesame is maximum during summers when there’s load on resources as Indore doesn’t haveany river passing by which can serve it with water conclusion
  21. 21. References :--“The Indore State Gazetteer". published by Govt. of India“city development plan by IDA“Travel and traffic pattern Indore city”INDIAN PEOPLE‟S TRIBUNAL ON ENVIRONMENT AND HUMAN RIGHTS Thanking yon