SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 34
Submitted to:
submitted by:
Ar Pooja Nigam Gagan Kumar Tanwar,
2014PAR5117
CHANDIGAR
H
INTRODUCTION
Chandigarh is one of the most significant urban
planning experiments of the 20th century. It is the
only one of the numerous urban planning
schemes of Le Corbusier to have actually been
executed. It is also the site of some of his
greatest architectural creations. The city has had
a far-reaching impact, ushering in a modern idiom
of architecture and city planning all over India. It
has become a symbol of planned urbanism. It is
as famous for its landscaping as for its
architectural ambience. Most of the buildings are
in pure, cubical form, geometrically subdivided
with emphasis on proportion, scale and detail.
HISTORY
 SINCE PUNJAB WAS DIVIDED INTO TWO PARTS, THE
CAPITAL WAS LEFT IN PAKISTAN THERE FORE
PUNJAB IN INDIA REQUIRED NEW CAPITAL
 LE CORBUSIER WAS APPROACHED BY PUNJAB
GOVERNMENT AND THE PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA
 CHANDIGARH IS A BOLD EXPERIMENT IN MODERN
CIVIC DESIGN
 MAXWELL FRY, JANE DREW AND PIERRE JEANNERET
WERE ALSO INVOLVED IN THE TEAM OF ARCHITECTS
 WHEN LE CORBUSIER ASSUMED CONTROL OF THE
CHANDIGARH PROJECT IN 1951, HOWEVER THE
DESIGN OF THE CITY HAD ALREADY BEEN DEVISED
BY THE NEW YORK FIRM OF MAYER, WHITTLESEY,
AND GLASS WHO RECEIVED A CONTRACT FOR THE
MASTER PLAN OF CHANDIGARH IN 1950
GEOGRAPHICAL AND
DEMOGRAPHICAL PROFILE
 Area 114 sq kms
 Longitude 76 47' 14E
 Latitude 30 44' 14N
 Total Population (2011 census)
10.55 Lacs(97.25% people live in urban
regions)
 Density of population/sq. km.7,900
IDEA OF LE CORBUSIER
The city of Chandigarh is planned to human scale.
 Head–capitol (place of power)
 Heart –the city centre
 Stomach–the commercial area
 Arms–university and Industrial zone
 Lungs–leisure valley ,open spaces
 Arteries–network of roads
SECTORS
The key of modern urbanism is 'the Sector',
which was defined as a container of family
life (24 solar hours: night and day). Each
sector was 800 meters by 1,200 meters,
enclosed by roads allocated to fast-
mechanized transport and sealed to direct
access from the houses. The population
would be approximately from 5,000 to 20,000
inhabitants. Chandigarh had 30 sectors.
ROADS
The roads of the city were classified into seven
categories, known as the system of 7 Vs.
 V-1 Fast roads connecting Chandigarh to other
towns;
 V-2 Arterial roads;
 V-3 Fast vehicular roads;
 V-4 Free Flowing shopping streets;
 V-5 Sector circulation roads;
 V-6 Access roads to houses;
 V-7 Footpaths and cycle tracks
HOUSING
The residential buildings were governed by a
mechanism known as 'frame control' created by
the municipal administration to control their
facades. This fixed the
building line and height and the use of building
materials. Certain standard sizes of doors and
windows are specified and all the gates and
boundary walls must conform to standard design.
The idea was to ensure that the view from the
street, which belonged to the community, was of
same visual order and discipline to maintain
uniformity.
COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS
All buildings located in the City Centre and
commercial or institutional buildings located along
V-2 roads were subjected to controls. The system
of the City Centre was based on a grid of
columns. fixed 5.26 meters shuttering pattern on
concrete and a system of glazing or screen walls
behind the line of columns. The interior planning
was left to the owners. and in the exterior, certain
variations are permitted to give variety to the
architectural composition.
THE SECRETARIAT THE HIGH
COURT THE ASSEMBLY HALL
CONCLUSION
POSITIVE HIGHLIGHTS
 Each sector satisfies the necessities of human
needs
 Separate roads for pedestrian, bicycle and heavy
vehicles
 Shops on ground floor, Residence on upper floor
 Shop protected from rain and sun, as a covered
walkway for the customers
NEGATIVE HIGHLIGHTS
 Roads being similar to each other creates
confusion
 Brutal concrete gives a rough look
 City not planned for lower income people.
 Existence of slums around the city
DEVELOPMENT IN
CHANDIGARH
The city of Chandigarh was developed in 3 phases
:
 Sectors 1 to 30 have been developed in Phase-I
, it was completely developed in 1975.
 Sector 31to 47 have been developed in Phase-
II , for accommodating population of 5 lakhs in
combined.
 Sectors from 48 to 56 in Phase III has been
taken up
CHANDIGARH MASTER PLAN
2031
GROWTH OF CHANDIGARH
 The Chandigarh has become Hi-tech city by
setting up of I.T. park.
 The Chandigarh being the regional centre is hub
of political and bureaucratic activities of the 3
neighbouring states of Punjab, Haryana and
Himachal Pradesh.
 The high profile education and health facilities are
available in the Chandigarh, like Punjab
Engineering College and PGI, York, Fortis.
 The Chandigarh has its tourist potential.
PROBLEMS
With the development of the city, it is also
confronting some problems because population
increased in city due to high rate of migration to
cities and due to that :
 Water supply demand is increased
 Sanitation problem occurs
 And slum development started
VILLAGES AND SLUMS
 There are 18 villages in Chandigarh city and 4
villages are under municipal boundary.
 There are 14 unauthorised slums have population
of 70000.
SLUM REHABILATION ON
PERIPHERY
VISION IN TERMS OF
INFRASTRUCTURE
 Safeguarding the health, integrated management
of water source, liquid & solid waste and
protection of environment.
 Protection of environment and safeguarding the
health of the general public by providing a
complete underground sewerage system.
 100% Coverage of the whole green area in
gardens, parks and open spaces with tertiary
treated water in order to save the potable water of
drinking purposes.
 To have good connectivity of city with other cities
through roads and better solid waste collection
centres.
REFERENCES
 CENSUS 2011
 CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF CHANDIGARH
 MASTER PLAN OF CHANDIGARH CITY
 WIKIPEDIA
THANK YOU

More Related Content

What's hot

Kochi city study(intro, history, demography, infrastructure, economy, tourism)
Kochi  city study(intro, history, demography, infrastructure, economy, tourism)Kochi  city study(intro, history, demography, infrastructure, economy, tourism)
Kochi city study(intro, history, demography, infrastructure, economy, tourism)Arun Chandra Babu
 
Chandigarh - Le Corbusier
Chandigarh - Le Corbusier Chandigarh - Le Corbusier
Chandigarh - Le Corbusier Rameez Gazi
 
History & Town Planning of Delhi
History & Town Planning of DelhiHistory & Town Planning of Delhi
History & Town Planning of DelhiShruti Bhatia
 
sustainable housing case study
sustainable housing case studysustainable housing case study
sustainable housing case studyAr. Prerna Chouhan
 
CHANDIGARH - the city beautiful
CHANDIGARH - the city beautifulCHANDIGARH - the city beautiful
CHANDIGARH - the city beautifulsupriya dongre
 
UTTIPEC STREET DESIGN GUIDELINES
UTTIPEC STREET DESIGN GUIDELINESUTTIPEC STREET DESIGN GUIDELINES
UTTIPEC STREET DESIGN GUIDELINESUttipec Dda
 
Urban design Case study GOA PANJIM
Urban design Case study GOA PANJIMUrban design Case study GOA PANJIM
Urban design Case study GOA PANJIMLalith Aditya
 
Belapur Incremental housing - A case study
Belapur Incremental housing - A case studyBelapur Incremental housing - A case study
Belapur Incremental housing - A case studyRithika Ravishankar
 
Sabarmati riverfront case study for development of yamuna riverfront agra
Sabarmati riverfront case study for development of yamuna riverfront agraSabarmati riverfront case study for development of yamuna riverfront agra
Sabarmati riverfront case study for development of yamuna riverfront agradeeksha sharma
 
What's different between urban planning, urban design, architecture, AADI
What's different between urban planning, urban design, architecture, AADIWhat's different between urban planning, urban design, architecture, AADI
What's different between urban planning, urban design, architecture, AADIaalliance
 
Housing case study(KAFCO housing,Aranya lowcost housing, TARA housing)
Housing case study(KAFCO housing,Aranya lowcost housing, TARA housing)Housing case study(KAFCO housing,Aranya lowcost housing, TARA housing)
Housing case study(KAFCO housing,Aranya lowcost housing, TARA housing)Sumaiya Islam
 
Raj Rewal Asian games village case study
Raj Rewal Asian games village case studyRaj Rewal Asian games village case study
Raj Rewal Asian games village case studyRadhikaJadhav8
 
Radiant city concept of le corbusier
Radiant city concept of le corbusierRadiant city concept of le corbusier
Radiant city concept of le corbusierKriti Chauhan
 
Urban conservation
Urban conservationUrban conservation
Urban conservationsada006
 
Radburn city, vikas rathore
Radburn city, vikas rathoreRadburn city, vikas rathore
Radburn city, vikas rathoreVikas Rathore
 

What's hot (20)

Kochi city study(intro, history, demography, infrastructure, economy, tourism)
Kochi  city study(intro, history, demography, infrastructure, economy, tourism)Kochi  city study(intro, history, demography, infrastructure, economy, tourism)
Kochi city study(intro, history, demography, infrastructure, economy, tourism)
 
Chandigarh - Le Corbusier
Chandigarh - Le Corbusier Chandigarh - Le Corbusier
Chandigarh - Le Corbusier
 
History & Town Planning of Delhi
History & Town Planning of DelhiHistory & Town Planning of Delhi
History & Town Planning of Delhi
 
sustainable housing case study
sustainable housing case studysustainable housing case study
sustainable housing case study
 
CHANDIGARH - the city beautiful
CHANDIGARH - the city beautifulCHANDIGARH - the city beautiful
CHANDIGARH - the city beautiful
 
UTTIPEC STREET DESIGN GUIDELINES
UTTIPEC STREET DESIGN GUIDELINESUTTIPEC STREET DESIGN GUIDELINES
UTTIPEC STREET DESIGN GUIDELINES
 
Urban design Case study GOA PANJIM
Urban design Case study GOA PANJIMUrban design Case study GOA PANJIM
Urban design Case study GOA PANJIM
 
Belapur Incremental housing - A case study
Belapur Incremental housing - A case studyBelapur Incremental housing - A case study
Belapur Incremental housing - A case study
 
Sabarmati riverfront case study for development of yamuna riverfront agra
Sabarmati riverfront case study for development of yamuna riverfront agraSabarmati riverfront case study for development of yamuna riverfront agra
Sabarmati riverfront case study for development of yamuna riverfront agra
 
Planning concept of new delhi
Planning concept of new delhiPlanning concept of new delhi
Planning concept of new delhi
 
What's different between urban planning, urban design, architecture, AADI
What's different between urban planning, urban design, architecture, AADIWhat's different between urban planning, urban design, architecture, AADI
What's different between urban planning, urban design, architecture, AADI
 
Ud ppt
Ud pptUd ppt
Ud ppt
 
Housing case study(KAFCO housing,Aranya lowcost housing, TARA housing)
Housing case study(KAFCO housing,Aranya lowcost housing, TARA housing)Housing case study(KAFCO housing,Aranya lowcost housing, TARA housing)
Housing case study(KAFCO housing,Aranya lowcost housing, TARA housing)
 
Aranya Low Cost Housing
Aranya Low Cost HousingAranya Low Cost Housing
Aranya Low Cost Housing
 
Raj Rewal Asian games village case study
Raj Rewal Asian games village case studyRaj Rewal Asian games village case study
Raj Rewal Asian games village case study
 
Radiant city concept of le corbusier
Radiant city concept of le corbusierRadiant city concept of le corbusier
Radiant city concept of le corbusier
 
HOUSING CASE STUDY
HOUSING CASE STUDYHOUSING CASE STUDY
HOUSING CASE STUDY
 
Urban conservation
Urban conservationUrban conservation
Urban conservation
 
Radburn city, vikas rathore
Radburn city, vikas rathoreRadburn city, vikas rathore
Radburn city, vikas rathore
 
CHANDNI CHOWK REDEVELOPMENT
CHANDNI CHOWK REDEVELOPMENTCHANDNI CHOWK REDEVELOPMENT
CHANDNI CHOWK REDEVELOPMENT
 

Viewers also liked

Planning of jaipur
Planning of jaipurPlanning of jaipur
Planning of jaipurctlachu
 
Architecture and Planning of jaipur
Architecture and Planning of jaipurArchitecture and Planning of jaipur
Architecture and Planning of jaipursaumyakohli
 
Planning of lutyens' delhi
Planning of lutyens' delhiPlanning of lutyens' delhi
Planning of lutyens' delhiVedika Agrawal
 
le corbusier principles
le corbusier principlesle corbusier principles
le corbusier principleskunal singh
 
Guiding Principles of Structural Planning
Guiding Principles of Structural PlanningGuiding Principles of Structural Planning
Guiding Principles of Structural PlanningRaj Shah
 
Le corbusier in planning
Le corbusier in planningLe corbusier in planning
Le corbusier in planningGayathri Kumari
 
Vernacular Architecture of jaipur
Vernacular Architecture of jaipurVernacular Architecture of jaipur
Vernacular Architecture of jaipurMohamed Faseehun
 
Gandhinagar,Gujarat,India- Urban Design for Student Architects.
Gandhinagar,Gujarat,India- Urban Design for Student Architects.Gandhinagar,Gujarat,India- Urban Design for Student Architects.
Gandhinagar,Gujarat,India- Urban Design for Student Architects.Vimita Prasanna
 
gandhinagar town planning literature study
  gandhinagar town planning literature study  gandhinagar town planning literature study
gandhinagar town planning literature studyTanmay Roy
 
Town plan auroville
Town plan aurovilleTown plan auroville
Town plan aurovilleShourya Puri
 
Vernacular arch of Jaisalmer, RAJASTHAN
Vernacular arch of Jaisalmer, RAJASTHANVernacular arch of Jaisalmer, RAJASTHAN
Vernacular arch of Jaisalmer, RAJASTHANNeharika Rathore
 
Auroville - City Planning
Auroville - City PlanningAuroville - City Planning
Auroville - City Planningams_5686
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Chandigarh
ChandigarhChandigarh
Chandigarh
 
Planning of jaipur
Planning of jaipurPlanning of jaipur
Planning of jaipur
 
Architecture and Planning of jaipur
Architecture and Planning of jaipurArchitecture and Planning of jaipur
Architecture and Planning of jaipur
 
Planning of lutyens' delhi
Planning of lutyens' delhiPlanning of lutyens' delhi
Planning of lutyens' delhi
 
le corbusier principles
le corbusier principlesle corbusier principles
le corbusier principles
 
Chandigarh Planning
Chandigarh PlanningChandigarh Planning
Chandigarh Planning
 
Chandigarh
ChandigarhChandigarh
Chandigarh
 
Guiding Principles of Structural Planning
Guiding Principles of Structural PlanningGuiding Principles of Structural Planning
Guiding Principles of Structural Planning
 
Garden city planning
Garden city planningGarden city planning
Garden city planning
 
Le corbusier in planning
Le corbusier in planningLe corbusier in planning
Le corbusier in planning
 
Jaipur
JaipurJaipur
Jaipur
 
Vernacular Architecture of jaipur
Vernacular Architecture of jaipurVernacular Architecture of jaipur
Vernacular Architecture of jaipur
 
Gandhinagar,Gujarat,India- Urban Design for Student Architects.
Gandhinagar,Gujarat,India- Urban Design for Student Architects.Gandhinagar,Gujarat,India- Urban Design for Student Architects.
Gandhinagar,Gujarat,India- Urban Design for Student Architects.
 
gandhinagar town planning literature study
  gandhinagar town planning literature study  gandhinagar town planning literature study
gandhinagar town planning literature study
 
Town plan auroville
Town plan aurovilleTown plan auroville
Town plan auroville
 
Vernacular arch of Jaisalmer, RAJASTHAN
Vernacular arch of Jaisalmer, RAJASTHANVernacular arch of Jaisalmer, RAJASTHAN
Vernacular arch of Jaisalmer, RAJASTHAN
 
Auroville - City Planning
Auroville - City PlanningAuroville - City Planning
Auroville - City Planning
 
Gandhi nagar
Gandhi nagarGandhi nagar
Gandhi nagar
 
Le Corbusier
Le CorbusierLe Corbusier
Le Corbusier
 
Patrick geddes theory
Patrick geddes theoryPatrick geddes theory
Patrick geddes theory
 

Similar to Chandigarh - planning and its transformation

Chandigarh town planning
Chandigarh town planningChandigarh town planning
Chandigarh town planningIshita Pandey
 
CASE-STUDY-ON-CHANDIGARH-Project Formulation and evaluation .pptx
CASE-STUDY-ON-CHANDIGARH-Project Formulation and evaluation .pptxCASE-STUDY-ON-CHANDIGARH-Project Formulation and evaluation .pptx
CASE-STUDY-ON-CHANDIGARH-Project Formulation and evaluation .pptxSivaprashadrDrNGPIte
 
Planning concept of chandigrah city
Planning concept of chandigrah cityPlanning concept of chandigrah city
Planning concept of chandigrah cityNoshad Ahmed Wahocho
 
Types of urban design
Types of urban designTypes of urban design
Types of urban designGoby Cracked
 
Making and unmaking of Chandigarh - making public spaces -
Making and unmaking of Chandigarh   - making public spaces -Making and unmaking of Chandigarh   - making public spaces -
Making and unmaking of Chandigarh - making public spaces -JIT KUMAR GUPTA
 
Chandigarh (1)
Chandigarh (1)Chandigarh (1)
Chandigarh (1)sravyadj
 
Making and unmaking of chandigarh
Making and  unmaking of chandigarhMaking and  unmaking of chandigarh
Making and unmaking of chandigarhJIT KUMAR GUPTA
 
PLANNING PRINCIPLES OF LE CORBUSIER – A CASE STUDY OF CHANDIGARH CITY
PLANNING PRINCIPLES OF LE CORBUSIER – A CASE STUDY OF CHANDIGARH CITYPLANNING PRINCIPLES OF LE CORBUSIER – A CASE STUDY OF CHANDIGARH CITY
PLANNING PRINCIPLES OF LE CORBUSIER – A CASE STUDY OF CHANDIGARH CITYYash Shah
 
Designing Harmonious and Smart Cities
Designing Harmonious and Smart Cities  Designing Harmonious and Smart Cities
Designing Harmonious and Smart Cities JIT KUMAR GUPTA
 
Chandigarh and Navi Mumbai town planning
Chandigarh and Navi Mumbai town planningChandigarh and Navi Mumbai town planning
Chandigarh and Navi Mumbai town planningMUHAMMEDJESWIN
 
Impact of Chandigarh on the India Urban Planning & Architecture
Impact of Chandigarh on the India Urban Planning & ArchitectureImpact of Chandigarh on the India Urban Planning & Architecture
Impact of Chandigarh on the India Urban Planning & ArchitectureJIT KUMAR GUPTA
 
The Chandigarh project
The Chandigarh projectThe Chandigarh project
The Chandigarh projectArpanKhanna3
 
PLANNING THE CAPITAL CITY OF CHANDIGARH : PROBLEMS, LESSONS AND PROSPECTS
PLANNING THE CAPITAL CITY OF CHANDIGARH : PROBLEMS, LESSONS AND PROSPECTSPLANNING THE CAPITAL CITY OF CHANDIGARH : PROBLEMS, LESSONS AND PROSPECTS
PLANNING THE CAPITAL CITY OF CHANDIGARH : PROBLEMS, LESSONS AND PROSPECTSJIT KUMAR GUPTA
 
Gandhinagar City- Context 2023.pdf
Gandhinagar City- Context 2023.pdfGandhinagar City- Context 2023.pdf
Gandhinagar City- Context 2023.pdfMansi Shah
 

Similar to Chandigarh - planning and its transformation (20)

Chandigarh
ChandigarhChandigarh
Chandigarh
 
Chandigarh
ChandigarhChandigarh
Chandigarh
 
Chandigarh town planning
Chandigarh town planningChandigarh town planning
Chandigarh town planning
 
CASE-STUDY-ON-CHANDIGARH-Project Formulation and evaluation .pptx
CASE-STUDY-ON-CHANDIGARH-Project Formulation and evaluation .pptxCASE-STUDY-ON-CHANDIGARH-Project Formulation and evaluation .pptx
CASE-STUDY-ON-CHANDIGARH-Project Formulation and evaluation .pptx
 
Planning concept of chandigrah city
Planning concept of chandigrah cityPlanning concept of chandigrah city
Planning concept of chandigrah city
 
Types of urban design
Types of urban designTypes of urban design
Types of urban design
 
Making and unmaking of Chandigarh - making public spaces -
Making and unmaking of Chandigarh   - making public spaces -Making and unmaking of Chandigarh   - making public spaces -
Making and unmaking of Chandigarh - making public spaces -
 
Chandigarh
ChandigarhChandigarh
Chandigarh
 
Chandigarh (1)
Chandigarh (1)Chandigarh (1)
Chandigarh (1)
 
Making and unmaking of chandigarh
Making and  unmaking of chandigarhMaking and  unmaking of chandigarh
Making and unmaking of chandigarh
 
PLANNING PRINCIPLES OF LE CORBUSIER – A CASE STUDY OF CHANDIGARH CITY
PLANNING PRINCIPLES OF LE CORBUSIER – A CASE STUDY OF CHANDIGARH CITYPLANNING PRINCIPLES OF LE CORBUSIER – A CASE STUDY OF CHANDIGARH CITY
PLANNING PRINCIPLES OF LE CORBUSIER – A CASE STUDY OF CHANDIGARH CITY
 
Designing Harmonious and Smart Cities
Designing Harmonious and Smart Cities  Designing Harmonious and Smart Cities
Designing Harmonious and Smart Cities
 
Chandigarh and Navi Mumbai town planning
Chandigarh and Navi Mumbai town planningChandigarh and Navi Mumbai town planning
Chandigarh and Navi Mumbai town planning
 
Impact of Chandigarh on the India Urban Planning & Architecture
Impact of Chandigarh on the India Urban Planning & ArchitectureImpact of Chandigarh on the India Urban Planning & Architecture
Impact of Chandigarh on the India Urban Planning & Architecture
 
The Chandigarh project
The Chandigarh projectThe Chandigarh project
The Chandigarh project
 
City forms
City formsCity forms
City forms
 
PLANNING THE CAPITAL CITY OF CHANDIGARH : PROBLEMS, LESSONS AND PROSPECTS
PLANNING THE CAPITAL CITY OF CHANDIGARH : PROBLEMS, LESSONS AND PROSPECTSPLANNING THE CAPITAL CITY OF CHANDIGARH : PROBLEMS, LESSONS AND PROSPECTS
PLANNING THE CAPITAL CITY OF CHANDIGARH : PROBLEMS, LESSONS AND PROSPECTS
 
Edict of Chandigarh
Edict of ChandigarhEdict of Chandigarh
Edict of Chandigarh
 
Gandhinagar City- Context 2023.pdf
Gandhinagar City- Context 2023.pdfGandhinagar City- Context 2023.pdf
Gandhinagar City- Context 2023.pdf
 
Project report smart city
Project report smart cityProject report smart city
Project report smart city
 

More from Gagan Tanwar

Accident Investigation
Accident InvestigationAccident Investigation
Accident InvestigationGagan Tanwar
 
Work Permit System
Work Permit SystemWork Permit System
Work Permit SystemGagan Tanwar
 
Industrial Lighting
Industrial LightingIndustrial Lighting
Industrial LightingGagan Tanwar
 
Safety Audit and Safety Survey
Safety Audit and Safety SurveySafety Audit and Safety Survey
Safety Audit and Safety SurveyGagan Tanwar
 
Job Hazard Analysis
Job Hazard AnalysisJob Hazard Analysis
Job Hazard AnalysisGagan Tanwar
 
INFRASTRUCTURE IN FARIDABAD
INFRASTRUCTURE IN FARIDABADINFRASTRUCTURE IN FARIDABAD
INFRASTRUCTURE IN FARIDABADGagan Tanwar
 

More from Gagan Tanwar (8)

Accident Investigation
Accident InvestigationAccident Investigation
Accident Investigation
 
House Keeping
House KeepingHouse Keeping
House Keeping
 
Work Permit System
Work Permit SystemWork Permit System
Work Permit System
 
Industrial Lighting
Industrial LightingIndustrial Lighting
Industrial Lighting
 
Safety Audit and Safety Survey
Safety Audit and Safety SurveySafety Audit and Safety Survey
Safety Audit and Safety Survey
 
Job Hazard Analysis
Job Hazard AnalysisJob Hazard Analysis
Job Hazard Analysis
 
INFRASTRUCTURE IN FARIDABAD
INFRASTRUCTURE IN FARIDABADINFRASTRUCTURE IN FARIDABAD
INFRASTRUCTURE IN FARIDABAD
 
OCEANSAT II
OCEANSAT IIOCEANSAT II
OCEANSAT II
 

Recently uploaded

NEWLETTER FRANCE HELICES/ SDS SURFACE DRIVES - MAY 2024
NEWLETTER FRANCE HELICES/ SDS SURFACE DRIVES - MAY 2024NEWLETTER FRANCE HELICES/ SDS SURFACE DRIVES - MAY 2024
NEWLETTER FRANCE HELICES/ SDS SURFACE DRIVES - MAY 2024EMMANUELLEFRANCEHELI
 
☎️Looking for Abortion Pills? Contact +27791653574.. 💊💊Available in Gaborone ...
☎️Looking for Abortion Pills? Contact +27791653574.. 💊💊Available in Gaborone ...☎️Looking for Abortion Pills? Contact +27791653574.. 💊💊Available in Gaborone ...
☎️Looking for Abortion Pills? Contact +27791653574.. 💊💊Available in Gaborone ...mikehavy0
 
8th International Conference on Soft Computing, Mathematics and Control (SMC ...
8th International Conference on Soft Computing, Mathematics and Control (SMC ...8th International Conference on Soft Computing, Mathematics and Control (SMC ...
8th International Conference on Soft Computing, Mathematics and Control (SMC ...josephjonse
 
Diploma Engineering Drawing Qp-2024 Ece .pdf
Diploma Engineering Drawing Qp-2024 Ece .pdfDiploma Engineering Drawing Qp-2024 Ece .pdf
Diploma Engineering Drawing Qp-2024 Ece .pdfJNTUA
 
DBMS-Report on Student management system.pptx
DBMS-Report on Student management system.pptxDBMS-Report on Student management system.pptx
DBMS-Report on Student management system.pptxrajjais1221
 
Dynamo Scripts for Task IDs and Space Naming.pptx
Dynamo Scripts for Task IDs and Space Naming.pptxDynamo Scripts for Task IDs and Space Naming.pptx
Dynamo Scripts for Task IDs and Space Naming.pptxMustafa Ahmed
 
Developing a smart system for infant incubators using the internet of things ...
Developing a smart system for infant incubators using the internet of things ...Developing a smart system for infant incubators using the internet of things ...
Developing a smart system for infant incubators using the internet of things ...IJECEIAES
 
Filters for Electromagnetic Compatibility Applications
Filters for Electromagnetic Compatibility ApplicationsFilters for Electromagnetic Compatibility Applications
Filters for Electromagnetic Compatibility ApplicationsMathias Magdowski
 
Geometric constructions Engineering Drawing.pdf
Geometric constructions Engineering Drawing.pdfGeometric constructions Engineering Drawing.pdf
Geometric constructions Engineering Drawing.pdfJNTUA
 
Maximizing Incident Investigation Efficacy in Oil & Gas: Techniques and Tools
Maximizing Incident Investigation Efficacy in Oil & Gas: Techniques and ToolsMaximizing Incident Investigation Efficacy in Oil & Gas: Techniques and Tools
Maximizing Incident Investigation Efficacy in Oil & Gas: Techniques and Toolssoginsider
 
Basics of Relay for Engineering Students
Basics of Relay for Engineering StudentsBasics of Relay for Engineering Students
Basics of Relay for Engineering Studentskannan348865
 
handbook on reinforce concrete and detailing
handbook on reinforce concrete and detailinghandbook on reinforce concrete and detailing
handbook on reinforce concrete and detailingAshishSingh1301
 
Fuzzy logic method-based stress detector with blood pressure and body tempera...
Fuzzy logic method-based stress detector with blood pressure and body tempera...Fuzzy logic method-based stress detector with blood pressure and body tempera...
Fuzzy logic method-based stress detector with blood pressure and body tempera...IJECEIAES
 
21P35A0312 Internship eccccccReport.docx
21P35A0312 Internship eccccccReport.docx21P35A0312 Internship eccccccReport.docx
21P35A0312 Internship eccccccReport.docxrahulmanepalli02
 
Max. shear stress theory-Maximum Shear Stress Theory ​ Maximum Distortional ...
Max. shear stress theory-Maximum Shear Stress Theory ​  Maximum Distortional ...Max. shear stress theory-Maximum Shear Stress Theory ​  Maximum Distortional ...
Max. shear stress theory-Maximum Shear Stress Theory ​ Maximum Distortional ...ronahami
 
Introduction-to- Metrology and Quality.pptx
Introduction-to- Metrology and Quality.pptxIntroduction-to- Metrology and Quality.pptx
Introduction-to- Metrology and Quality.pptxProfASKolap
 
Autodesk Construction Cloud (Autodesk Build).pptx
Autodesk Construction Cloud (Autodesk Build).pptxAutodesk Construction Cloud (Autodesk Build).pptx
Autodesk Construction Cloud (Autodesk Build).pptxMustafa Ahmed
 
CLOUD COMPUTING SERVICES - Cloud Reference Modal
CLOUD COMPUTING SERVICES - Cloud Reference ModalCLOUD COMPUTING SERVICES - Cloud Reference Modal
CLOUD COMPUTING SERVICES - Cloud Reference ModalSwarnaSLcse
 
Circuit Breakers for Engineering Students
Circuit Breakers for Engineering StudentsCircuit Breakers for Engineering Students
Circuit Breakers for Engineering Studentskannan348865
 
Passive Air Cooling System and Solar Water Heater.ppt
Passive Air Cooling System and Solar Water Heater.pptPassive Air Cooling System and Solar Water Heater.ppt
Passive Air Cooling System and Solar Water Heater.pptamrabdallah9
 

Recently uploaded (20)

NEWLETTER FRANCE HELICES/ SDS SURFACE DRIVES - MAY 2024
NEWLETTER FRANCE HELICES/ SDS SURFACE DRIVES - MAY 2024NEWLETTER FRANCE HELICES/ SDS SURFACE DRIVES - MAY 2024
NEWLETTER FRANCE HELICES/ SDS SURFACE DRIVES - MAY 2024
 
☎️Looking for Abortion Pills? Contact +27791653574.. 💊💊Available in Gaborone ...
☎️Looking for Abortion Pills? Contact +27791653574.. 💊💊Available in Gaborone ...☎️Looking for Abortion Pills? Contact +27791653574.. 💊💊Available in Gaborone ...
☎️Looking for Abortion Pills? Contact +27791653574.. 💊💊Available in Gaborone ...
 
8th International Conference on Soft Computing, Mathematics and Control (SMC ...
8th International Conference on Soft Computing, Mathematics and Control (SMC ...8th International Conference on Soft Computing, Mathematics and Control (SMC ...
8th International Conference on Soft Computing, Mathematics and Control (SMC ...
 
Diploma Engineering Drawing Qp-2024 Ece .pdf
Diploma Engineering Drawing Qp-2024 Ece .pdfDiploma Engineering Drawing Qp-2024 Ece .pdf
Diploma Engineering Drawing Qp-2024 Ece .pdf
 
DBMS-Report on Student management system.pptx
DBMS-Report on Student management system.pptxDBMS-Report on Student management system.pptx
DBMS-Report on Student management system.pptx
 
Dynamo Scripts for Task IDs and Space Naming.pptx
Dynamo Scripts for Task IDs and Space Naming.pptxDynamo Scripts for Task IDs and Space Naming.pptx
Dynamo Scripts for Task IDs and Space Naming.pptx
 
Developing a smart system for infant incubators using the internet of things ...
Developing a smart system for infant incubators using the internet of things ...Developing a smart system for infant incubators using the internet of things ...
Developing a smart system for infant incubators using the internet of things ...
 
Filters for Electromagnetic Compatibility Applications
Filters for Electromagnetic Compatibility ApplicationsFilters for Electromagnetic Compatibility Applications
Filters for Electromagnetic Compatibility Applications
 
Geometric constructions Engineering Drawing.pdf
Geometric constructions Engineering Drawing.pdfGeometric constructions Engineering Drawing.pdf
Geometric constructions Engineering Drawing.pdf
 
Maximizing Incident Investigation Efficacy in Oil & Gas: Techniques and Tools
Maximizing Incident Investigation Efficacy in Oil & Gas: Techniques and ToolsMaximizing Incident Investigation Efficacy in Oil & Gas: Techniques and Tools
Maximizing Incident Investigation Efficacy in Oil & Gas: Techniques and Tools
 
Basics of Relay for Engineering Students
Basics of Relay for Engineering StudentsBasics of Relay for Engineering Students
Basics of Relay for Engineering Students
 
handbook on reinforce concrete and detailing
handbook on reinforce concrete and detailinghandbook on reinforce concrete and detailing
handbook on reinforce concrete and detailing
 
Fuzzy logic method-based stress detector with blood pressure and body tempera...
Fuzzy logic method-based stress detector with blood pressure and body tempera...Fuzzy logic method-based stress detector with blood pressure and body tempera...
Fuzzy logic method-based stress detector with blood pressure and body tempera...
 
21P35A0312 Internship eccccccReport.docx
21P35A0312 Internship eccccccReport.docx21P35A0312 Internship eccccccReport.docx
21P35A0312 Internship eccccccReport.docx
 
Max. shear stress theory-Maximum Shear Stress Theory ​ Maximum Distortional ...
Max. shear stress theory-Maximum Shear Stress Theory ​  Maximum Distortional ...Max. shear stress theory-Maximum Shear Stress Theory ​  Maximum Distortional ...
Max. shear stress theory-Maximum Shear Stress Theory ​ Maximum Distortional ...
 
Introduction-to- Metrology and Quality.pptx
Introduction-to- Metrology and Quality.pptxIntroduction-to- Metrology and Quality.pptx
Introduction-to- Metrology and Quality.pptx
 
Autodesk Construction Cloud (Autodesk Build).pptx
Autodesk Construction Cloud (Autodesk Build).pptxAutodesk Construction Cloud (Autodesk Build).pptx
Autodesk Construction Cloud (Autodesk Build).pptx
 
CLOUD COMPUTING SERVICES - Cloud Reference Modal
CLOUD COMPUTING SERVICES - Cloud Reference ModalCLOUD COMPUTING SERVICES - Cloud Reference Modal
CLOUD COMPUTING SERVICES - Cloud Reference Modal
 
Circuit Breakers for Engineering Students
Circuit Breakers for Engineering StudentsCircuit Breakers for Engineering Students
Circuit Breakers for Engineering Students
 
Passive Air Cooling System and Solar Water Heater.ppt
Passive Air Cooling System and Solar Water Heater.pptPassive Air Cooling System and Solar Water Heater.ppt
Passive Air Cooling System and Solar Water Heater.ppt
 

Chandigarh - planning and its transformation

  • 1. Submitted to: submitted by: Ar Pooja Nigam Gagan Kumar Tanwar, 2014PAR5117 CHANDIGAR H
  • 2. INTRODUCTION Chandigarh is one of the most significant urban planning experiments of the 20th century. It is the only one of the numerous urban planning schemes of Le Corbusier to have actually been executed. It is also the site of some of his greatest architectural creations. The city has had a far-reaching impact, ushering in a modern idiom of architecture and city planning all over India. It has become a symbol of planned urbanism. It is as famous for its landscaping as for its architectural ambience. Most of the buildings are in pure, cubical form, geometrically subdivided with emphasis on proportion, scale and detail.
  • 3. HISTORY  SINCE PUNJAB WAS DIVIDED INTO TWO PARTS, THE CAPITAL WAS LEFT IN PAKISTAN THERE FORE PUNJAB IN INDIA REQUIRED NEW CAPITAL  LE CORBUSIER WAS APPROACHED BY PUNJAB GOVERNMENT AND THE PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA  CHANDIGARH IS A BOLD EXPERIMENT IN MODERN CIVIC DESIGN  MAXWELL FRY, JANE DREW AND PIERRE JEANNERET WERE ALSO INVOLVED IN THE TEAM OF ARCHITECTS  WHEN LE CORBUSIER ASSUMED CONTROL OF THE CHANDIGARH PROJECT IN 1951, HOWEVER THE DESIGN OF THE CITY HAD ALREADY BEEN DEVISED BY THE NEW YORK FIRM OF MAYER, WHITTLESEY, AND GLASS WHO RECEIVED A CONTRACT FOR THE MASTER PLAN OF CHANDIGARH IN 1950
  • 4.
  • 5. GEOGRAPHICAL AND DEMOGRAPHICAL PROFILE  Area 114 sq kms  Longitude 76 47' 14E  Latitude 30 44' 14N  Total Population (2011 census) 10.55 Lacs(97.25% people live in urban regions)  Density of population/sq. km.7,900
  • 6. IDEA OF LE CORBUSIER The city of Chandigarh is planned to human scale.  Head–capitol (place of power)  Heart –the city centre  Stomach–the commercial area  Arms–university and Industrial zone  Lungs–leisure valley ,open spaces  Arteries–network of roads
  • 7.
  • 8. SECTORS The key of modern urbanism is 'the Sector', which was defined as a container of family life (24 solar hours: night and day). Each sector was 800 meters by 1,200 meters, enclosed by roads allocated to fast- mechanized transport and sealed to direct access from the houses. The population would be approximately from 5,000 to 20,000 inhabitants. Chandigarh had 30 sectors.
  • 9.
  • 10. ROADS The roads of the city were classified into seven categories, known as the system of 7 Vs.  V-1 Fast roads connecting Chandigarh to other towns;  V-2 Arterial roads;  V-3 Fast vehicular roads;  V-4 Free Flowing shopping streets;  V-5 Sector circulation roads;  V-6 Access roads to houses;  V-7 Footpaths and cycle tracks
  • 11.
  • 12. HOUSING The residential buildings were governed by a mechanism known as 'frame control' created by the municipal administration to control their facades. This fixed the building line and height and the use of building materials. Certain standard sizes of doors and windows are specified and all the gates and boundary walls must conform to standard design. The idea was to ensure that the view from the street, which belonged to the community, was of same visual order and discipline to maintain uniformity.
  • 13.
  • 14.
  • 15. COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS All buildings located in the City Centre and commercial or institutional buildings located along V-2 roads were subjected to controls. The system of the City Centre was based on a grid of columns. fixed 5.26 meters shuttering pattern on concrete and a system of glazing or screen walls behind the line of columns. The interior planning was left to the owners. and in the exterior, certain variations are permitted to give variety to the architectural composition.
  • 16.
  • 17. THE SECRETARIAT THE HIGH COURT THE ASSEMBLY HALL
  • 18. CONCLUSION POSITIVE HIGHLIGHTS  Each sector satisfies the necessities of human needs  Separate roads for pedestrian, bicycle and heavy vehicles  Shops on ground floor, Residence on upper floor  Shop protected from rain and sun, as a covered walkway for the customers
  • 19. NEGATIVE HIGHLIGHTS  Roads being similar to each other creates confusion  Brutal concrete gives a rough look  City not planned for lower income people.  Existence of slums around the city
  • 20. DEVELOPMENT IN CHANDIGARH The city of Chandigarh was developed in 3 phases :  Sectors 1 to 30 have been developed in Phase-I , it was completely developed in 1975.  Sector 31to 47 have been developed in Phase- II , for accommodating population of 5 lakhs in combined.  Sectors from 48 to 56 in Phase III has been taken up
  • 21.
  • 22.
  • 23.
  • 24.
  • 25.
  • 26.
  • 28. GROWTH OF CHANDIGARH  The Chandigarh has become Hi-tech city by setting up of I.T. park.  The Chandigarh being the regional centre is hub of political and bureaucratic activities of the 3 neighbouring states of Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.  The high profile education and health facilities are available in the Chandigarh, like Punjab Engineering College and PGI, York, Fortis.  The Chandigarh has its tourist potential.
  • 29. PROBLEMS With the development of the city, it is also confronting some problems because population increased in city due to high rate of migration to cities and due to that :  Water supply demand is increased  Sanitation problem occurs  And slum development started
  • 30. VILLAGES AND SLUMS  There are 18 villages in Chandigarh city and 4 villages are under municipal boundary.  There are 14 unauthorised slums have population of 70000.
  • 32. VISION IN TERMS OF INFRASTRUCTURE  Safeguarding the health, integrated management of water source, liquid & solid waste and protection of environment.  Protection of environment and safeguarding the health of the general public by providing a complete underground sewerage system.  100% Coverage of the whole green area in gardens, parks and open spaces with tertiary treated water in order to save the potable water of drinking purposes.  To have good connectivity of city with other cities through roads and better solid waste collection centres.
  • 33. REFERENCES  CENSUS 2011  CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF CHANDIGARH  MASTER PLAN OF CHANDIGARH CITY  WIKIPEDIA