Perspective and Regulatory Framework
   on Peri-Urban Issues and
        Water Security


            Mahendra Subba
  Dep...
Organization of the presentation
               Context

          Urbanization trend

                Issues

           ...
23.7%


    19.7%
  29.5%

    12.7%           Kathmandu
                    Valley

            14.4%
Urbanization level
                        40
                        35                            Total
Population in mi...
Distribution of urban population
                                                         Far West
                       ...
17,09,377


                 Urban Growth Scenario
based on municipal population projection until 2021


                 ...
Critical Issues
Haphazard
urbanization:

Urban form
of the KTM
   Valley
1994-2000
Singhadurbar 1967-2000:
 Encroached river system
Ecological impact on river system and
             water quality
Southern fringe of Patan 1967-2000:
Urban sprawl and depleting agricultural land
 Decline from 64% to 42% of the total are...
Proliferation
of brick
industries:
one of the
factors
behind
agricultural
land
conversion
Land


                  (1991)
                                                                                          ...
Backlog of services:
      Urban households without basic facilities
      Services                  % households without ...
Urban households by source of
                      drinking water (2001)
                  70
                  60
% of h...
Pipe-water facility at KMC
Planning permit issued by KVTPIC:
Organized housing emerging user of groundwater
         25

         20

         15    ...
Responses: Policy and Plan
        National Urban Policy, 2007

Long-term
Development
Concept of the
Kathmandu
Valley:
Urb...
Urban Drinking Water
      and Sanitary Policy, 2009

• Preservation of water source and
  catchment areas

• Promotion of...
Periodic plan/municipal plan

• Internalization of national policies in
  municipal plan and actions through
  Environment...
National Adaptation Program of
 Action on CC (NAPA) (Draft)
• Conservation of water bodies/source

• Rain water harvesting...
Groundwater management and
     Regulation Policy (Draft)

• Control the life and quality of groundwater
Investment/Projects
• Urban Environment Improvement Projects
  (UEIP) underway in 12 municipalities and 3
  more municipal...
Investment/Projects
• Rainwater Harvesting Demonstration
  Programs underway in 4 municipalities and
  having program to p...
Demonstrative rain water
       harvesting facility




DUDBC, Kathamandu     Kirtipur
Demonstrative rain water
   harvesting facility




                 Dharan
Ilam
Investment/Projects
Eco-city programs for restoration of water
bodies and maintaining greenery in cities
Act, Regulation and Guidelines
• Town Development Act, 1988
• Local Self-Governance Act, 1998 and
  Regulations, 1999
• En...
Limitation and Gaps
Fragmented institutional arrangement:
Leading to weak coordination and
enforcement

 Ministry of Local                    ...
Regional agency like KVTDC suffer from
 inadequate institutional arrangement




                           Source: KVTDC
Personnel      Number
Human
resource of    Technical           13
KVTDC is ill          Gazetted     7
designed to
       ...
Policy inconsistency
Long-term Development   Land-Use Zoning Map
Concept




     2002                   2007
A Way Forward
• Delineate urban and rural land to
  preserve agricultural land, forest land,
  and water bodies

• Enforce...
A Way Forward:
• Maintain greeneries and (re)plantation—
  and promote eco-city program

• Promote Green Building Technolo...
A Way Forward:
• Promote rain water harvesting and
  recharge

• Foster institutional provisions having
  regional orienta...
Thank you !
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Perspective and Regulatory Framework on peri urban Issues_Dr. Mahendra Subba

1,343 views

Published on

Urban Environmental Planning and Infrastructure Development: Perspectives and Regulatory Frameworks of Government of Nepal- Dr. Mahendra Subba, DDG, Department of Urban Development, Ministry of Physical Planning and Works, Government of Nepal

1 Comment
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,343
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
68
Comments
1
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Perspective and Regulatory Framework on peri urban Issues_Dr. Mahendra Subba

  1. 1. Perspective and Regulatory Framework on Peri-Urban Issues and Water Security Mahendra Subba Department of Urban Development and Building Construction (DUDBC)
  2. 2. Organization of the presentation Context Urbanization trend Issues Responses Gaps A way forward
  3. 3. 23.7% 19.7% 29.5% 12.7% Kathmandu Valley 14.4%
  4. 4. Urbanization level 40 35 Total Population in million 30 25 Total 20 15 Urban 10 28% Urban 5 14% 0 2001 2021
  5. 5. Distribution of urban population Far West East Mid West Hill-mountain 9% Tarai 22 % 8% 18 % 39 % West 14 % Kathmandu Inner Tarai Central Valley 12 % 47 % 31 % Ecological Region-wise Development Region-wise
  6. 6. 17,09,377 Urban Growth Scenario based on municipal population projection until 2021 Projected Population until 2021 Population in 2001 Existing Road Under Construction Road Proposed Road 6,71,846 Kathmandu 4,20,307 Metropolis Pokhara 2,99,024 2,76,328 1,53,280 2,18,704 1,56,412 83,339 1,12,484 1,66,674 57,535 67,447 75,384 Biratnagar Dhangadhi Butwal Birgunj Nepalganj
  7. 7. Critical Issues
  8. 8. Haphazard urbanization: Urban form of the KTM Valley 1994-2000
  9. 9. Singhadurbar 1967-2000: Encroached river system
  10. 10. Ecological impact on river system and water quality
  11. 11. Southern fringe of Patan 1967-2000: Urban sprawl and depleting agricultural land Decline from 64% to 42% of the total area (66,655 hectares) during 1984-2000
  12. 12. Proliferation of brick industries: one of the factors behind agricultural land conversion
  13. 13. Land (1991) Land process hastens fragmentation in VDCs of Lalitpur fragmentation transformation N u m b e r o f la n d p a rc e ls fra g m e n te d 0 40 80 120 160 0 -8 0 8 0 -1 2 7 1 2 7 -2 5 4 2 5 4 -5 0 8 Before fragmentation 5 0 8 -1 0 1 6 1 0 1 6 -1 5 2 4 1 5 2 4 -2 0 3 2 2 0 3 2 -2 5 4 0 2 5 4 0 -5 0 8 0 Area of land parcels in sqm 5 0 8 0 -7 6 2 0 7 6 2 0 -1 0 1 6 0 1 0 1 6 0 -1 2 7 0 0 12700- After fragmentation
  14. 14. Backlog of services: Urban households without basic facilities Services % households without access Piped drinking 46.3 % water Sanitary system 45.6 % Garbage disposal 55.0 % Electricity 12.6 % Telephone 68.1 % Source: CBS 2004, Nepal Living Standard Survey
  15. 15. Urban households by source of drinking water (2001) 70 60 % of households 50 40 30 20 10 0 Piped water Well Tube well Spout water Rivers/stream Others Source of drinking water
  16. 16. Pipe-water facility at KMC
  17. 17. Planning permit issued by KVTPIC: Organized housing emerging user of groundwater 25 20 15 Apartment housing Number Land development 10 Group housing 5 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
  18. 18. Responses: Policy and Plan National Urban Policy, 2007 Long-term Development Concept of the Kathmandu Valley: Urban Rural Delineation Line/Land Classification
  19. 19. Urban Drinking Water and Sanitary Policy, 2009 • Preservation of water source and catchment areas • Promotion of rain water harvesting
  20. 20. Periodic plan/municipal plan • Internalization of national policies in municipal plan and actions through Environmental Management Plan
  21. 21. National Adaptation Program of Action on CC (NAPA) (Draft) • Conservation of water bodies/source • Rain water harvesting and recharge • Conservation of potential recharge areas • Treatment and reclamation of waste water
  22. 22. Groundwater management and Regulation Policy (Draft) • Control the life and quality of groundwater
  23. 23. Investment/Projects • Urban Environment Improvement Projects (UEIP) underway in 12 municipalities and 3 more municipalities in pipeline (US$ 200 m) RBTP in Hetauda (R) and Overhead tank in Bharatpur (L)
  24. 24. Investment/Projects • Rainwater Harvesting Demonstration Programs underway in 4 municipalities and having program to proliferate all over the country • Annual programs to install Rain Water Harvesting System in existing Government buildings
  25. 25. Demonstrative rain water harvesting facility DUDBC, Kathamandu Kirtipur
  26. 26. Demonstrative rain water harvesting facility Dharan Ilam
  27. 27. Investment/Projects Eco-city programs for restoration of water bodies and maintaining greenery in cities
  28. 28. Act, Regulation and Guidelines • Town Development Act, 1988 • Local Self-Governance Act, 1998 and Regulations, 1999 • Environment Protection Act, 1996 and Regulations, 1997 • Building Regulations • Rain Water Harvesting Guidelines, 2009 • Urban Environment Management Guidelines (draft)
  29. 29. Limitation and Gaps
  30. 30. Fragmented institutional arrangement: Leading to weak coordination and enforcement Ministry of Local Ministry of Physical Development Planning and Works District Municipality Kathmandu Valley DUDBC/ Development Town Development Others Committee Committee Village Development TDIC TDIC TDIC Committee Kathmandu Lalitpur Bhaktapur
  31. 31. Regional agency like KVTDC suffer from inadequate institutional arrangement Source: KVTDC
  32. 32. Personnel Number Human resource of Technical 13 KVTDC is ill Gazetted 7 designed to Non-gazetted 6 oversee and manage Administrative 108 growth Total 121
  33. 33. Policy inconsistency Long-term Development Land-Use Zoning Map Concept 2002 2007
  34. 34. A Way Forward • Delineate urban and rural land to preserve agricultural land, forest land, and water bodies • Enforce zoning or environment performance standards and land subdivision to control land use
  35. 35. A Way Forward: • Maintain greeneries and (re)plantation— and promote eco-city program • Promote Green Building Technology and Materials to reduce ecological footprints
  36. 36. A Way Forward: • Promote rain water harvesting and recharge • Foster institutional provisions having regional orientation but local empowerment and pro-activism
  37. 37. Thank you !

×