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Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008 Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008 Presentation Transcript

    • Research & Policy Impact
    • Anders Ekbom, Karin Backteman
    • Environmental Economics Unit (EEU),
    • Dept of Economics, University of Gothenburg
    • Nov 5, 2008
    • EfD 2nd Annual meeting Beijing, China
    • Outline of session:
    • 1. Research & Policy (AE)
    • 2. Policy Briefs (KB)
    • 3. Joint discussion
  • Research and Policy
  • Research-Policy links Research results/ knowledge Policy making, decisions ” Enlightenment function” (Weiss) Time lag, costly, ineffective
  • Policy making as a Linear Process “ research findings shift from the 'research sphere' over to the 'policy sphere' , and have some impact on policy-makers' decisions”
  • Policy making is dynamic, complex Media Foreign donors Military Legislature Bureaucracy Political parties Ministries Universities, Research institutes Civil society Intl NGOs Business sector Old elites Vested interests Judiciary
  • A Divided World between Researchers and Policy makers? David Glover, IDRC: ” Policy Researchers and Policy Makers: Never the Twain Shall Meet?” (Glover, 2002)
  • Divided Worlds?
    • Researchers
    • ” cannot understand
    • why there is resistance
    • to policy change despite clear, convincing evidence”
    • Policymakers
    • “ bemoan researchers’
    • inability to make their
    • findings accessible and
    • understandable in time for policy decisions”
    • Practitioners
    • ” just get on with things”
  • When does Research influence Policy?
    • When research findings:
    • - are credible and convincing,
    • - provide practical solutions to key policy problems
    • - fit within the political and institutional limits
    • - resonate with policymakers’ assumptions
    • When research findings are communicated/translated to attract policymakers’ interest;
    • When researchers and policymakers share common networks, trust each other, and communicate effectively. (Court, Hovland and Young, 2004)
  • Research & Policy engagement – is there a trade-off?
    • Yes, it may be ( focus on certain issues, communicating research (ideas, results) takes time, risk of political capture etc. )
    • However, policy relevant research & policy engagement facilitate:
    • access to data, co-funding, uptake of research results, input to new research etc
  • How can we bridge the gap?
    • 1. Develop detailed understanding of key policy processes
      • Key influencing factors? Entry points?
      • Key stakeholders/actors/messengers?
    • 2. Develop a strategy for linking research to policy
      • build long term programs of high-quality research
      • ensure research evidence is credible & practically useful
      • keep an eye out for/react to policy windows
    • 3. Be entrepreneurial
      • get to know & work with policymakers
      • identify political supporters & opponents, build networks
      • communicate research results effectively
  • Multiple Policy Influences of EfD Research EfD research Sector reforms, -policies (forestry, fisheries, agriculture etc.) National Policy processes (PRS, NDP, EFR etc.) National, international research agenda Internat’l Policy processes SLM, Land Tenure, UN-REDD, UN-PEI
  • Research - Policy Outcomes - where are we, where do want to go? Research Policy impact How do we do it?
  • EfD Policy engagement
    • Many examples, much ongoing work:
    • China: Forest sector reform, Eco-compensation/PES
    • SA: Biodiversity, parks, fisheries
    • Ethiopia: Sust. Land Man’t (SLM), CC
    • Kenya: Forest sector reform, SLM
    • Tanzania: Forestry, fisheries
    • Costa Rica: Park man’t, SLM, PES etc.
  • EfD Policy tools & activities
    • Some observed examples :
    • Joint Research w govt agencies, ministries
    • On-the-job/in-service trainings for civil servants, masters programs!
    • Policy workshops, seminars, dialogues
    • Policy briefs, discussion papers, journal publications, commissioned reports etc.
    • Research-policy impact tools
    • Generally:
    • Engage early, even before, policy reform
    • Close contacts w. Govt agencies, ministries
    • Build trust, produce rigouros research
    • ODI, IDRC – specific tools, some examples:
    • Actor, Political, Outcome mapping, respectively
    • ” Toolkit for Successful Research Communication”
    • Guidance on Building Effective Research Policy Networks
    • Guidance on how to write (i) Policy Briefs,
    • (ii) a Research communication Strategy and Plan
  • Successful policy engagement – typically requires:
    • - Careful & specific planning and budgeting : What to do, Why, With whom, when, entry points to policy sphere, Objectives, targets
    • Plan for implementation and follow-up incl. criteria to identify & assess activities, costs, adjustments, policy outcomes & impacts
    • Policy influence also assisted by a targeted communication plan
    • Sources of more information
    • – Organizations and Initiatives:
    • ODI’s Research And Policy In Development (RAPID)-programme ( www.odi.org.uk/rapid )
    • Global Development Network (GDN) Bridging Research and Policy-project ( www.gdnet.org )
    • Evidence-Based Policy in Development Network ( www.ebpdn.org )
    • International Development Research Centre (IDRC): ( www.idrc.org /evaluate )
    • Sources of more info (c’ed)
    • – Research & Policy-literature:
    • Neilson, Stephanie, 2001. IDRC-Supported Research and its Influence on Public Policy - Knowledge Utilization and Public Policy Processes: A Literature Review , IDRC.
    • Glover, David, 2002. Policy Researchers and Policy Makers: Never The Twain Shall Meet , IDRC.
    • Court, Julius and John Young, 2004. Bridging Research and Policy in International Development – An Analytical and Practical Framework , Overseas Development Institute (ODI).
    • Jones, Nicola and Cora Walsh, 2008. Policy Briefs as a Communication Tool for Development Research , ODI Background Note, May 2008, ODI.
  • Next Steps: Annual Plan 2009 Application 2010-2014
    • Propose Research-based Policy Advice Activities
    • Develop and report Output-, Outcome- and Impact(-indicators) in this area of the EfD program
  • Next Steps (cont’ed)
    • Workshop in Addis (end Jan-09) for Africa EfD centers to support planning and implementation of Policy advice activities in Annual Plan 2009 and Application 2010-2014 (ODI, EEU etc)
    • Support by EEU Helpdesk on policy advice activities (planning, reporting, implementation)
    • Seek learning and synergies across EfD-centers!!
  • Enhancing Policy Influence - issues for discussion
    • How did your policy engagement occur – re-actively or pro-actively?
    • What are the key elements of success in your research-based policy engagement?
    • Which are the constraints and risks ?
    • Opportunities and Plans for strengthened policy engagement & impact?
    • Key Lessons learned?
  • How do we want to influence policy? Advice Advocacy Cooperation Inside track/ Government Confrontation Outside track/ NGOs, business sector Activism Lobbyism Interest/ Value- based Evidence/ science- based ? ? ? ?