Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008Presentation Transcript
Research & Policy Impact
Anders Ekbom, Karin Backteman
Environmental Economics Unit (EEU),
Dept of Economics, University of Gothenburg
Nov 5, 2008
EfD 2nd Annual meeting Beijing, China
Outline of session:
1. Research & Policy (AE)
2. Policy Briefs (KB)
3. Joint discussion
Research and Policy
Research-Policy links Research results/ knowledge Policy making, decisions ” Enlightenment function” (Weiss) Time lag, costly, ineffective
Policy making as a Linear Process “ research findings shift from the 'research sphere' over to the 'policy sphere' , and have some impact on policy-makers' decisions”
Policy making is dynamic, complex Media Foreign donors Military Legislature Bureaucracy Political parties Ministries Universities, Research institutes Civil society Intl NGOs Business sector Old elites Vested interests Judiciary
A Divided World between Researchers and Policy makers? David Glover, IDRC: ” Policy Researchers and Policy Makers: Never the Twain Shall Meet?” (Glover, 2002)
” cannot understand
why there is resistance
to policy change despite clear, convincing evidence”
“ bemoan researchers’
inability to make their
findings accessible and
understandable in time for policy decisions”
” just get on with things”
When does Research influence Policy?
When research findings:
- are credible and convincing,
- provide practical solutions to key policy problems
- fit within the political and institutional limits
- resonate with policymakers’ assumptions
When research findings are communicated/translated to attract policymakers’ interest;
When researchers and policymakers share common networks, trust each other, and communicate effectively. (Court, Hovland and Young, 2004)
Research & Policy engagement – is there a trade-off?
Yes, it may be ( focus on certain issues, communicating research (ideas, results) takes time, risk of political capture etc. )
However, policy relevant research & policy engagement facilitate:
access to data, co-funding, uptake of research results, input to new research etc
How can we bridge the gap?
1. Develop detailed understanding of key policy processes
Key influencing factors? Entry points?
2. Develop a strategy for linking research to policy
build long term programs of high-quality research
ensure research evidence is credible & practically useful
keep an eye out for/react to policy windows
3. Be entrepreneurial
get to know & work with policymakers
identify political supporters & opponents, build networks
communicate research results effectively
Multiple Policy Influences of EfD Research EfD research Sector reforms, -policies (forestry, fisheries, agriculture etc.) National Policy processes (PRS, NDP, EFR etc.) National, international research agenda Internat’l Policy processes SLM, Land Tenure, UN-REDD, UN-PEI
Research - Policy Outcomes - where are we, where do want to go? Research Policy impact How do we do it?
EfD Policy engagement
Many examples, much ongoing work:
China: Forest sector reform, Eco-compensation/PES
SA: Biodiversity, parks, fisheries
Ethiopia: Sust. Land Man’t (SLM), CC
Kenya: Forest sector reform, SLM
Tanzania: Forestry, fisheries
Costa Rica: Park man’t, SLM, PES etc.
EfD Policy tools & activities
Some observed examples :
Joint Research w govt agencies, ministries
On-the-job/in-service trainings for civil servants, masters programs!
Policy workshops, seminars, dialogues
Policy briefs, discussion papers, journal publications, commissioned reports etc.
Research-policy impact tools
Engage early, even before, policy reform
Close contacts w. Govt agencies, ministries
Build trust, produce rigouros research
ODI, IDRC – specific tools, some examples:
Actor, Political, Outcome mapping, respectively
” Toolkit for Successful Research Communication”
Guidance on Building Effective Research Policy Networks
Guidance on how to write (i) Policy Briefs,
(ii) a Research communication Strategy and Plan
Successful policy engagement – typically requires:
- Careful & specific planning and budgeting : What to do, Why, With whom, when, entry points to policy sphere, Objectives, targets
Plan for implementation and follow-up incl. criteria to identify & assess activities, costs, adjustments, policy outcomes & impacts
Policy influence also assisted by a targeted communication plan
Sources of more information
– Organizations and Initiatives:
ODI’s Research And Policy In Development (RAPID)-programme ( www.odi.org.uk/rapid )
Global Development Network (GDN) Bridging Research and Policy-project ( www.gdnet.org )
Evidence-Based Policy in Development Network ( www.ebpdn.org )
International Development Research Centre (IDRC): ( www.idrc.org /evaluate )
Sources of more info (c’ed)
– Research & Policy-literature:
Neilson, Stephanie, 2001. IDRC-Supported Research and its Influence on Public Policy - Knowledge Utilization and Public Policy Processes: A Literature Review , IDRC.
Glover, David, 2002. Policy Researchers and Policy Makers: Never The Twain Shall Meet , IDRC.
Court, Julius and John Young, 2004. Bridging Research and Policy in International Development – An Analytical and Practical Framework , Overseas Development Institute (ODI).
Jones, Nicola and Cora Walsh, 2008. Policy Briefs as a Communication Tool for Development Research , ODI Background Note, May 2008, ODI.
Next Steps: Annual Plan 2009 Application 2010-2014
Propose Research-based Policy Advice Activities
Develop and report Output-, Outcome- and Impact(-indicators) in this area of the EfD program
Next Steps (cont’ed)
Workshop in Addis (end Jan-09) for Africa EfD centers to support planning and implementation of Policy advice activities in Annual Plan 2009 and Application 2010-2014 (ODI, EEU etc)
Support by EEU Helpdesk on policy advice activities (planning, reporting, implementation)
Seek learning and synergies across EfD-centers!!
Enhancing Policy Influence - issues for discussion
How did your policy engagement occur – re-actively or pro-actively?
What are the key elements of success in your research-based policy engagement?
Which are the constraints and risks ?
Opportunities and Plans for strengthened policy engagement & impact?
Key Lessons learned?
How do we want to influence policy? Advice Advocacy Cooperation Inside track/ Government Confrontation Outside track/ NGOs, business sector Activism Lobbyism Interest/ Value- based Evidence/ science- based ? ? ? ?