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Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008
Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008
Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008
Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008
Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008
Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008
Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008
Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008
Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008
Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008
Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008
Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008
Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008
Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008
Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008
Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008
Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008
Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008
Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008
Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008
Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008
Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008
Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008
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Anders Ekbom Research & Policy Ef D Meeting Beijing Nov 2008

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    • 1. <ul><li>Research & Policy Impact </li></ul><ul><li>Anders Ekbom, Karin Backteman </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Economics Unit (EEU), </li></ul><ul><li>Dept of Economics, University of Gothenburg </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 5, 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>EfD 2nd Annual meeting Beijing, China </li></ul>
    • 2. <ul><li>Outline of session: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Research & Policy (AE) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Policy Briefs (KB) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Joint discussion </li></ul>
    • 3. Research and Policy
    • 4. Research-Policy links Research results/ knowledge Policy making, decisions ” Enlightenment function” (Weiss) Time lag, costly, ineffective
    • 5. Policy making as a Linear Process “ research findings shift from the 'research sphere' over to the 'policy sphere' , and have some impact on policy-makers' decisions”
    • 6. Policy making is dynamic, complex Media Foreign donors Military Legislature Bureaucracy Political parties Ministries Universities, Research institutes Civil society Intl NGOs Business sector Old elites Vested interests Judiciary
    • 7. A Divided World between Researchers and Policy makers? David Glover, IDRC: ” Policy Researchers and Policy Makers: Never the Twain Shall Meet?” (Glover, 2002)
    • 8. Divided Worlds? <ul><li>Researchers </li></ul><ul><li>” cannot understand </li></ul><ul><li>why there is resistance </li></ul><ul><li>to policy change despite clear, convincing evidence” </li></ul><ul><li>Policymakers </li></ul><ul><li>“ bemoan researchers’ </li></ul><ul><li>inability to make their </li></ul><ul><li>findings accessible and </li></ul><ul><li>understandable in time for policy decisions” </li></ul><ul><li>Practitioners </li></ul><ul><li>” just get on with things” </li></ul>
    • 9. When does Research influence Policy? <ul><li>When research findings: </li></ul><ul><li>- are credible and convincing, </li></ul><ul><li>- provide practical solutions to key policy problems </li></ul><ul><li>- fit within the political and institutional limits </li></ul><ul><li>- resonate with policymakers’ assumptions </li></ul><ul><li>When research findings are communicated/translated to attract policymakers’ interest; </li></ul><ul><li>When researchers and policymakers share common networks, trust each other, and communicate effectively. (Court, Hovland and Young, 2004) </li></ul>
    • 10. Research & Policy engagement – is there a trade-off? <ul><li>Yes, it may be ( focus on certain issues, communicating research (ideas, results) takes time, risk of political capture etc. ) </li></ul><ul><li>However, policy relevant research & policy engagement facilitate: </li></ul><ul><li>access to data, co-funding, uptake of research results, input to new research etc </li></ul>
    • 11. How can we bridge the gap? <ul><li>1. Develop detailed understanding of key policy processes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Key influencing factors? Entry points? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Key stakeholders/actors/messengers? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. Develop a strategy for linking research to policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>build long term programs of high-quality research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ensure research evidence is credible & practically useful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>keep an eye out for/react to policy windows </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Be entrepreneurial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>get to know & work with policymakers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>identify political supporters & opponents, build networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>communicate research results effectively </li></ul></ul>
    • 12. Multiple Policy Influences of EfD Research EfD research Sector reforms, -policies (forestry, fisheries, agriculture etc.) National Policy processes (PRS, NDP, EFR etc.) National, international research agenda Internat’l Policy processes SLM, Land Tenure, UN-REDD, UN-PEI
    • 13. Research - Policy Outcomes - where are we, where do want to go? Research Policy impact How do we do it?
    • 14. EfD Policy engagement <ul><li>Many examples, much ongoing work: </li></ul><ul><li>China: Forest sector reform, Eco-compensation/PES </li></ul><ul><li>SA: Biodiversity, parks, fisheries </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopia: Sust. Land Man’t (SLM), CC </li></ul><ul><li>Kenya: Forest sector reform, SLM </li></ul><ul><li>Tanzania: Forestry, fisheries </li></ul><ul><li>Costa Rica: Park man’t, SLM, PES etc. </li></ul>
    • 15. EfD Policy tools & activities <ul><li>Some observed examples : </li></ul><ul><li>Joint Research w govt agencies, ministries </li></ul><ul><li>On-the-job/in-service trainings for civil servants, masters programs! </li></ul><ul><li>Policy workshops, seminars, dialogues </li></ul><ul><li>Policy briefs, discussion papers, journal publications, commissioned reports etc. </li></ul>
    • 16. <ul><li>Research-policy impact tools </li></ul><ul><li>Generally: </li></ul><ul><li>Engage early, even before, policy reform </li></ul><ul><li>Close contacts w. Govt agencies, ministries </li></ul><ul><li>Build trust, produce rigouros research </li></ul><ul><li>ODI, IDRC – specific tools, some examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Actor, Political, Outcome mapping, respectively </li></ul><ul><li>” Toolkit for Successful Research Communication” </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance on Building Effective Research Policy Networks </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance on how to write (i) Policy Briefs, </li></ul><ul><li>(ii) a Research communication Strategy and Plan </li></ul>
    • 17. Successful policy engagement – typically requires: <ul><li>- Careful & specific planning and budgeting : What to do, Why, With whom, when, entry points to policy sphere, Objectives, targets </li></ul><ul><li>Plan for implementation and follow-up incl. criteria to identify & assess activities, costs, adjustments, policy outcomes & impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Policy influence also assisted by a targeted communication plan </li></ul>
    • 18. <ul><li>Sources of more information </li></ul><ul><li>– Organizations and Initiatives: </li></ul><ul><li>ODI’s Research And Policy In Development (RAPID)-programme ( www.odi.org.uk/rapid ) </li></ul><ul><li>Global Development Network (GDN) Bridging Research and Policy-project ( www.gdnet.org ) </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence-Based Policy in Development Network ( www.ebpdn.org ) </li></ul><ul><li>International Development Research Centre (IDRC): ( www.idrc.org /evaluate ) </li></ul>
    • 19. <ul><li>Sources of more info (c’ed) </li></ul><ul><li>– Research & Policy-literature: </li></ul><ul><li>Neilson, Stephanie, 2001. IDRC-Supported Research and its Influence on Public Policy - Knowledge Utilization and Public Policy Processes: A Literature Review , IDRC. </li></ul><ul><li>Glover, David, 2002. Policy Researchers and Policy Makers: Never The Twain Shall Meet , IDRC. </li></ul><ul><li>Court, Julius and John Young, 2004. Bridging Research and Policy in International Development – An Analytical and Practical Framework , Overseas Development Institute (ODI). </li></ul><ul><li>Jones, Nicola and Cora Walsh, 2008. Policy Briefs as a Communication Tool for Development Research , ODI Background Note, May 2008, ODI. </li></ul>
    • 20. Next Steps: Annual Plan 2009 Application 2010-2014 <ul><li>Propose Research-based Policy Advice Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Develop and report Output-, Outcome- and Impact(-indicators) in this area of the EfD program </li></ul>
    • 21. Next Steps (cont’ed) <ul><li>Workshop in Addis (end Jan-09) for Africa EfD centers to support planning and implementation of Policy advice activities in Annual Plan 2009 and Application 2010-2014 (ODI, EEU etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Support by EEU Helpdesk on policy advice activities (planning, reporting, implementation) </li></ul><ul><li>Seek learning and synergies across EfD-centers!! </li></ul>
    • 22. Enhancing Policy Influence - issues for discussion <ul><li>How did your policy engagement occur – re-actively or pro-actively? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the key elements of success in your research-based policy engagement? </li></ul><ul><li>Which are the constraints and risks ? </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities and Plans for strengthened policy engagement & impact? </li></ul><ul><li>Key Lessons learned? </li></ul>
    • 23. How do we want to influence policy? Advice Advocacy Cooperation Inside track/ Government Confrontation Outside track/ NGOs, business sector Activism Lobbyism Interest/ Value- based Evidence/ science- based ? ? ? ?

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