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Thomas Regressivitet Bensin1


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Thomas Regressivitet Bensin1

  1. 1. Gas taxes: Progressive or Regressive Thomas Sterner Work In progress Not for citation
  2. 3. Transport Fuel Use in OECD Gtons fuel (and ~C*(12/14)) Real UK prices US prices Fuel use 1,13 0,72 1,47 -36% +30%
  3. 4. <ul><li>Gasoline /Diesel taxes by income decile </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Gasoline /Diesel taxes by Expenditure decile </li></ul>
  5. 6. Suits index
  6. 7. Adaptation <ul><li>West and Williams: for USA </li></ul><ul><li>More regressive with Income than Expenditures </li></ul><ul><li>Less regressive when you take adaptation into account </li></ul><ul><li>Even less regressive with individual el </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive with EV - partic with refunding of revenue. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Tax Reform  more possibilities
  8. 9. S Africa
  9. 10. Public transport expenditures as share of total household expenditures
  10. 11. Private transport expenditures as share of total household expenditures
  11. 12. Transport fuel expenditures as share of total household expenditures
  12. 13. Mexico
  13. 14. Including use of diesel in PubTr Roughly 25% of bus fare is diesel.. Add shares from private fuel  Tax in Mexico proportional
  14. 15. Gasoline taxes Regressive in INDIA? Table1: Budget shares of fuels (Transport + Cooking and Lighting Fuels)
  15. 16. India contd.
  16. 17. Taking indirect effects into account
  17. 18. Urban
  18. 19. Comparative work <ul><li>Many national articles </li></ul><ul><li>One comparative article </li></ul><ul><li>Maybe a book. </li></ul><ul><li>policy impact </li></ul><ul><li>publications </li></ul>