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Research, Impact, Value & LIS - #lisrival - Edinburgh - 11th July 2019
Practitioner research: value, impact, and priorities
Professor Hazel Hall
Edinburgh Napier University
RIVAL Network Event 1 – July 11th 2019 – Edinburgh
Getting research into action: issues, challenges, solutions
Dr Sarah Morton, Matter of Focus
Getting research into action:
issues, challenges, solutions
Dr Sarah Morton, July 2019
RIVAL event, Edinburgh
© 2018 Matter of Focus®
A vision for knowledge to action…
© 2018 Matter of Focus®
Research findings always linked with relevant people, policy and
practice
Open discussion and debate informed by latest evidence
Practitioners and policy-makers have the data and evidence then
need at their fingertips
Research impact: where are we now?
• Many research organisations with an impact imperative (in and
out of HE sector)
• Increasing use of outcomes (SDG’s Government performance
systems)
• REF in UK and EIF in Australia
• Shift towards impact:
• Impact prizes (ESRC, NCCPE, etc..)
• Researchers blogging, tweeting etc..
• Funding: e.g.: ESRC impact accelerator account
• Core competency of research staff
Universities: Impact through the research cycle
1.Potential/future impact
(Pathways to Impact )
2. Maximising impact of current research
(Knowledge Exchange)
3. Reporting on impact of previous research
(REF Impact)
Developing impact case studies for the REF www.publicengagement.ac.uk
Policy and practice paradigm shift (ongoing)
© 2018 Matter of Focus®
But…research use is messy
© 2018 Matter of Focus®
City Council of The Hague deliberating in 1636
Jan Antonisz. van Ravesteyn
Carol Weiss (1979)
Research used in policy…
Problem solving: evidence to solve policy problems (rarely)
Knowledge-Driven: drives new technological developments
Interactive: interactive, communicative
Political: lobby for political viewpoints
Tactical: to delay action, deflect criticism, etc
Enlightenment: slowly changes conceptualisation of problems and
solutions
Practitioners’ ‘mindlines’
Adapted from Gabbay J, and
May A l BMJ 2004;329:1013
each other
practice
experience
Client’s
view
“reps” “the centre”
eg govt department
opinion
leaders
teachers/training
“they say”
reading/updates infrastructure
meetings
And in practice
How do we navigate this messiness?
© 2018 Matter of Focus®
Evidence of what is effective… practice what we preach
How to embed that evidence in our practice in K2A
Thinking about research impact- a quick
tour of key ideas
© 2018 Matter of Focus®
What does it mean to use research?
Research uptake: people are interested in research,
read it, talk about it, come to a presentation etc..
Research use: people do something with the research,
change their view, pass it on to someone else, apply it
to practice or policy
Research impact: a contribution to change as a result
of research use
Morton (2015)
Hi! Have you heard
this? It’s really going to
change how you
do things round here.
1. Research does
not speak for
itself
Animating research
2. Research does not stand alone
Contextual analysis
3. Research has to
be integrated
Integrating new knowledge
through discussion
Combining different types of knowledge
What
should
we do?
4. It’s not just learning – unlearning
matters too
5. Using research is often
not an event
Work with ChildLine
6. Knowledge is often co-
produced
7. Not products but process
Products + processes
• KE strategy for every project
• Involving research users
from the start
• More than one mechanism
for dissemination
8. It’s not all about decisions but often more
about framings
9. Leadership support for research
creation and use
10. Investment- skin in the game
Barriers and facilitators to research
use
Over to you! Discussion.
What
hinders
research
use?
Source: Carnegie UK, Evidence Exchange: learning from
social policy across the UK
Top 5 barriers
Oliver K, et al (2014).
Top 5 facilitators
Oliver K, et al (2014).
• Established relationships and networks with user communities
• Involving users at all stages with research
• Well-planned user-engagement and KTE strategies
• Portfolios of research activity that build reputations with
research users
• Good infrastructure and management support
• The involvement of intermediaries and knowledge brokers as
translators, amplifiers, network providers
*Summary of findings from the UK ESRC’s impact
assessment activities
The most important drivers of impact are:
Research utilisation:
what have we learned since 2001?
Research use is:
• a process, not a product
• complex, context specific
• translation, relationships, and systems matter
• often long time frames
• many kinds of evidence.. research just one
Three generations framework
system
relationships
translation Targeted and packaged for
key audiences
Build and take part in
relevant networks,
identify champions
Consider contextual
factors, barriers,
opportunities and
enablers of change
10/07/2019 41©2018 www.matter-of-focus.com @matter_of_focus
More likely to address these
challenges and issues if…
Start with an impact vision (or pathway)
© 2018 Matter of Focus®
Helps to focus on potential impact
Provides a way of planning for impact
Communicates about what matters to the project or initiative
Provides a structure for thinking and learning about impact
Is a framework for evaluating impact
What difference will it make?
Understanding change
What do we want to change and Who
can make that happen?
We make this happen
if we have the right resources
and activities
We need people to respond well
and have the ability to change
to make this happen
We need other policies and ways
of doing things to be helping and
things beyond our control might
stop this happening
Sphere of indirect influence
Sphere of direct influence
Sphere of direct control
What does the
project do?
People we
have indirectly
influenced do things
differently
People or groups we
directly influence
Here we control what
happens
WHY
WHAT / WHO
HOW
Pathways to impact are best when
• Focus on the outcomes and impacts that matter
• Have an understanding of different levels of impacts
• Include a theory or model of impact (how we believe impact will
happen)
• Have taken account of the context in which any work sits
• Have buy-in from key stakeholders
• Are used as working documents
© 2018 Matter of Focus®
Mapping a pathway to impact
© 2018 Matter of Focus®
What they
do
differently
What we
do
Who with How they
feel
What they
learn and
gain
What
difference
does this
make?
Mapping a pathway to impact
© 2018 Matter of Focus®
What they
do
differently
What we
do
Who with How they
feel
What they
learn and
gain
What
difference
does this
make?
Here explain the
key activities
Explain who is
involved
How they react to
the activities, what
helps them engage
positively?
What knowledge,
skills or attitudes
change?
What behaviours,
policies or
practices
change?
What is better for
people or
communities?
Collect evidence on pathways to
• Understand if the change we seek is happening
• Learn and adapt
• Evidence the changes that result from our work
© 2018 Matter of Focus®
A bespoke patchwork of data, feedback and
evidence
© 2018 Matter of Focus®
Website
visits/downloads
Social media
Feedback about
experiences of
events/programme
Notes from staff
meetings about key
risks/assumptions
Reflective logs Focus groups On-line surveys
Press/media
coverage
Behavior change
measures
Creative feedback Videos/photos Policy analysis
At Matter of Focus
© 2018 Matter of Focus®
Have a software tool OutNav to help organisations set out,
navigate, collate evidence, understand and report on change.
Work closely with organisations to help them get the evidence they
need
A vision for the future of knowledge to action…
© 2018 Matter of Focus®
10/07/2019©2018 www.matter-of-focus.com @matter_of_focus
Thank you!
Let’s keep the conversation going:
Website: www.matter-of-focus.com
Twitter: @matter_of_focus
LinkedIn: …/company/matter-of-focus

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Getting research into action: issues, challenges, solutions by Dr Sarah Morton

  • 1. Research, Impact, Value & LIS - #lisrival - Edinburgh - 11th July 2019 Practitioner research: value, impact, and priorities Professor Hazel Hall Edinburgh Napier University RIVAL Network Event 1 – July 11th 2019 – Edinburgh Getting research into action: issues, challenges, solutions Dr Sarah Morton, Matter of Focus
  • 2. Getting research into action: issues, challenges, solutions Dr Sarah Morton, July 2019 RIVAL event, Edinburgh © 2018 Matter of Focus®
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  • 4. A vision for knowledge to action… © 2018 Matter of Focus® Research findings always linked with relevant people, policy and practice Open discussion and debate informed by latest evidence Practitioners and policy-makers have the data and evidence then need at their fingertips
  • 5. Research impact: where are we now? • Many research organisations with an impact imperative (in and out of HE sector) • Increasing use of outcomes (SDG’s Government performance systems) • REF in UK and EIF in Australia • Shift towards impact: • Impact prizes (ESRC, NCCPE, etc..) • Researchers blogging, tweeting etc.. • Funding: e.g.: ESRC impact accelerator account • Core competency of research staff
  • 6. Universities: Impact through the research cycle 1.Potential/future impact (Pathways to Impact ) 2. Maximising impact of current research (Knowledge Exchange) 3. Reporting on impact of previous research (REF Impact) Developing impact case studies for the REF www.publicengagement.ac.uk
  • 7. Policy and practice paradigm shift (ongoing) © 2018 Matter of Focus®
  • 8. But…research use is messy © 2018 Matter of Focus®
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  • 10. City Council of The Hague deliberating in 1636 Jan Antonisz. van Ravesteyn
  • 11. Carol Weiss (1979) Research used in policy… Problem solving: evidence to solve policy problems (rarely) Knowledge-Driven: drives new technological developments Interactive: interactive, communicative Political: lobby for political viewpoints Tactical: to delay action, deflect criticism, etc Enlightenment: slowly changes conceptualisation of problems and solutions
  • 12. Practitioners’ ‘mindlines’ Adapted from Gabbay J, and May A l BMJ 2004;329:1013 each other practice experience Client’s view “reps” “the centre” eg govt department opinion leaders teachers/training “they say” reading/updates infrastructure meetings And in practice
  • 13. How do we navigate this messiness? © 2018 Matter of Focus® Evidence of what is effective… practice what we preach How to embed that evidence in our practice in K2A
  • 14. Thinking about research impact- a quick tour of key ideas © 2018 Matter of Focus®
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  • 16. What does it mean to use research? Research uptake: people are interested in research, read it, talk about it, come to a presentation etc.. Research use: people do something with the research, change their view, pass it on to someone else, apply it to practice or policy Research impact: a contribution to change as a result of research use Morton (2015)
  • 17. Hi! Have you heard this? It’s really going to change how you do things round here. 1. Research does not speak for itself
  • 19. 2. Research does not stand alone
  • 21. 3. Research has to be integrated
  • 23. Combining different types of knowledge What should we do?
  • 24. 4. It’s not just learning – unlearning matters too
  • 25. 5. Using research is often not an event
  • 27. 6. Knowledge is often co- produced
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  • 29. 7. Not products but process
  • 30. Products + processes • KE strategy for every project • Involving research users from the start • More than one mechanism for dissemination
  • 31. 8. It’s not all about decisions but often more about framings
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  • 33. 9. Leadership support for research creation and use
  • 34. 10. Investment- skin in the game
  • 35. Barriers and facilitators to research use Over to you! Discussion.
  • 36. What hinders research use? Source: Carnegie UK, Evidence Exchange: learning from social policy across the UK
  • 37. Top 5 barriers Oliver K, et al (2014).
  • 38. Top 5 facilitators Oliver K, et al (2014).
  • 39. • Established relationships and networks with user communities • Involving users at all stages with research • Well-planned user-engagement and KTE strategies • Portfolios of research activity that build reputations with research users • Good infrastructure and management support • The involvement of intermediaries and knowledge brokers as translators, amplifiers, network providers *Summary of findings from the UK ESRC’s impact assessment activities The most important drivers of impact are:
  • 40. Research utilisation: what have we learned since 2001? Research use is: • a process, not a product • complex, context specific • translation, relationships, and systems matter • often long time frames • many kinds of evidence.. research just one
  • 41. Three generations framework system relationships translation Targeted and packaged for key audiences Build and take part in relevant networks, identify champions Consider contextual factors, barriers, opportunities and enablers of change
  • 42. 10/07/2019 41©2018 www.matter-of-focus.com @matter_of_focus More likely to address these challenges and issues if…
  • 43. Start with an impact vision (or pathway) © 2018 Matter of Focus® Helps to focus on potential impact Provides a way of planning for impact Communicates about what matters to the project or initiative Provides a structure for thinking and learning about impact Is a framework for evaluating impact
  • 44. What difference will it make? Understanding change What do we want to change and Who can make that happen? We make this happen if we have the right resources and activities We need people to respond well and have the ability to change to make this happen We need other policies and ways of doing things to be helping and things beyond our control might stop this happening Sphere of indirect influence Sphere of direct influence Sphere of direct control What does the project do? People we have indirectly influenced do things differently People or groups we directly influence Here we control what happens WHY WHAT / WHO HOW
  • 45. Pathways to impact are best when • Focus on the outcomes and impacts that matter • Have an understanding of different levels of impacts • Include a theory or model of impact (how we believe impact will happen) • Have taken account of the context in which any work sits • Have buy-in from key stakeholders • Are used as working documents © 2018 Matter of Focus®
  • 46. Mapping a pathway to impact © 2018 Matter of Focus® What they do differently What we do Who with How they feel What they learn and gain What difference does this make?
  • 47. Mapping a pathway to impact © 2018 Matter of Focus® What they do differently What we do Who with How they feel What they learn and gain What difference does this make? Here explain the key activities Explain who is involved How they react to the activities, what helps them engage positively? What knowledge, skills or attitudes change? What behaviours, policies or practices change? What is better for people or communities?
  • 48. Collect evidence on pathways to • Understand if the change we seek is happening • Learn and adapt • Evidence the changes that result from our work © 2018 Matter of Focus®
  • 49. A bespoke patchwork of data, feedback and evidence © 2018 Matter of Focus® Website visits/downloads Social media Feedback about experiences of events/programme Notes from staff meetings about key risks/assumptions Reflective logs Focus groups On-line surveys Press/media coverage Behavior change measures Creative feedback Videos/photos Policy analysis
  • 50. At Matter of Focus © 2018 Matter of Focus® Have a software tool OutNav to help organisations set out, navigate, collate evidence, understand and report on change. Work closely with organisations to help them get the evidence they need
  • 51. A vision for the future of knowledge to action… © 2018 Matter of Focus®
  • 52. 10/07/2019©2018 www.matter-of-focus.com @matter_of_focus Thank you! Let’s keep the conversation going: Website: www.matter-of-focus.com Twitter: @matter_of_focus LinkedIn: …/company/matter-of-focus