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Impression manangement (1)
 

Impression manangement (1)

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    Impression manangement (1) Impression manangement (1) Presentation Transcript

    • Social Psychology
    •  There are three types of selves people try to give off using self-presentation techniques Authentic self- an image of ourselves that is consistent with the way we view ourselves (our real self) Ideal self- a public image of ourselves that is consistent with the way that we wish we were (our ideal self) Tactical self- a public image that is positive and favorable-- whether it is authentic or ideal-- usually we do this by claiming to have attributes consistent with what others want us to be.
    •  Self-disclosure- where you disclose information about yourself as a means to claim an authentic identity Managing Appearances- where you manage your appearance to be perceived a given way. This is more tactical, to present a somewhat false, exaggerated, or leading image. There are many ways this can take place ◦ Physical Appearance and Props - ◦ Emotional Expression - ◦ Associates - ◦ Regions
    • 3-Ingratiation ◦ Opinion Conformity- ◦ Other enhancement- saying good things about other person ◦ Selective self-presentation- selectively showing part of the reality to give a certain impression  Self-enhancement- Giving the story a positive spin- ◦ Playing Dumb - intentionally acting less intelligent to lift up the ego of the other person in interaction
    • 4-Aligning Actions- attempts to define apparently questionable conduct as actually in line with cultural norms ◦ Disclaimers- made in anticipation of future actions ◦ Accounts- made to mitigate responsibility after they have performed acts that threaten their social identities, made after the act took place5-Alter-Casting- imposing roles or identities ("casting") on another ("alter")
    •  Prejudice is a baseless and usually negative attitude toward members of a group. Common features of prejudice include negative feelings, stereotyped beliefs, and a tendency to discriminate against members of the group. While specific definitions of prejudice given by social scientists often differ, most agree that it involves prejudgments (usually negative) about members of a group.
    •  Prejudice can be based upon a number of factors including sex, race, age, sexual orientations, nationality, socioeconomic status and religion. Some of the most well-known types of prejudice include: Racism Classicism Homophobia Nationalism Religious prejudice Agism
    •  it is important to sort information into mental categories. "The human mind must think with the aid of categories," Allport explained. "Once formed, categories are the basis for normal prejudgment
    • become more empathetic Passing laws and regulations that require fair and equal treatment for all groups of people. Gaining public support and awareness for anti- prejudice social norms. Making people aware of the inconsistencies in their own beliefs. Increased contact with members of other social groups.