Cloud Computing and the Next-Generation of Enterprise Architecture - Cloud Computing Expo 2008

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Stuart Charlton's presentation at the 2008 Sys-Con Cloud Computing Expo in San Jose, CA …

Stuart Charlton's presentation at the 2008 Sys-Con Cloud Computing Expo in San Jose, CA

Revised for the 2009 Sys-Con Cloud Computing Expo in New York City

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  • Cloud Computing Magazine http://issuu.com/channelplanet/docs/cloudcomputingmagazine03
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  • Nice one. Today, SaaS is considered as one of the fastest software delivery model and its market is growing in a highly amazing pace. If you look at the demand for SaaS applications like Online HRM (http://www.simpelhr.nl), one can realise the huge potential
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  • Good one. Clear explanation.

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    http://ringtones-x.com/ | www.freeringtonesforatt.org/
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  • it would be perfect if the slides can be shared.
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  • awesome
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  • 1. Cloud Computing and the Next Generation of Enterprise Architecture Stuart Charlton Chief Software Architect & VP Products, Elastra The Enterprise Cloud Company www.elastra.com
  • 2. Objectives Does cloud computing change the importance and role of enterprise architecture and IT service management? Exploring a reference model for the cloud Suggesting a way to bridge the gap between architectural intent and results through cloud computing 2 www.elastra.com Cloud Computing Expo 2009
  • 3. What do you mean by... architecture? Architecture » The fundamental organization of a system, embodied in its components, their relationships to each other, and the environment, and the principles governing its design and evolution. (ISO 42010 / IEEE 1471-2000 definition) Enterprise Architecture » Enterprise Architecture is the organizing logic for businesses and their IT infrastructure reflecting the integration and standardization requirements of the firm’s operating model. Peter Weill, MIT 3 www.elastra.com Cloud Computing Expo 2009
  • 4. Architecture as Strategy Idea 1 Idea 2 Idea 3 Strategy Defines Limits Set Policy Constrains Learning Operating Model Enterprise Architecture Provides Requires Capabilities Execution Systems Processes Infrastructure Adapted from: Enterprise Architecture as Strategy: Creating a Foundation for Business Execution, J. Ross, P. Weill, and D. Robertson, Harvard Business School Press, 2006. 4 www.elastra.com Cloud Computing Expo 2009
  • 5. A Gap in Realizing Architectural Goals What How Where Who When Why 1. Business Business Information Processes Geography Strategy Organization Events & Collaboration 2. (a miracle occurs) Secured Event Traceable Databases Applications Networks User 3. Processing Models Interfaces 5 www.elastra.com Cloud Computing Expo 2009
  • 6. How have we managed our IT? Developer-led » Concurrent Versioning, Unit Testing, Maven, Ant, Capistrano » Focused on code-promotion ; sometimes database transform Manager-led » One extreme: firefighting » The other extreme: bureaucracy Architect-led » Round-trip modeling tools (e.g. Rational UML, Together, etc.) » Gated reviews (i.e. “The technology cops”) Operations-led » Management suites (OpenView, Tivoli, etc.) » Runbook Automation (e.g. HP/OpsWare, BMC/BladeLogic, Opalis) 6 www.elastra.com Cloud Computing Expo 2009
  • 7. IT Infrastructure Library (ITIL) v3: The Current Best Practice? 7 www.elastra.com Cloud Computing Expo 2009
  • 8. How Far Can Technology Save Us? The “Google Secret Sauce” Theory: » Always available, scalable, fast » Computing as fungible commodity » Reliability is enabled by architecture » But you have to rewrite your software Does a seemingly magical architecture reduce or eliminate the need for If I spill this on a configuration & dependency management? server, who Does this architecture match classic is affected, and by enterprise requirements? how much? 8 www.elastra.com Cloud Computing Expo 2009
  • 9. 9 www.elastra.com Cloud Computing Expo 2009
  • 10. The Cloud Provider Continuum “Retail Ecosystem” “Supplier Ecosystem” Closer to the Closer to the Developer/User SysAdmin/Ops Platform-as-a-Service Infrastructure-as-a-Service 10 www.elastra.com Cloud Computing Expo 2009
  • 11. Qualities of an Enterprise Cloud • On-Demand, Services-Oriented Computing » Drastically reduced lead times » Lowered requirement to call-ahead forecasts » Demand trends are predicted by the provider • Variable cost consumption » Pay-by-the-drink or over time; decouple fixed overhead from demand • Self-service » Resources directly/indirectly reserved with a GUI or API • Elastic Scalability » Grow or shrink resources as required • Mandatory Network » The network is essential to consume the service • Governance and Compliance » Tracking and matching of cloud providers to policies 11 www.elastra.com Cloud Computing Expo 2009
  • 12. A Cloud Technology Reference Model • Begin with the Data Center • Now Global & Possibly Cross Organizational • Exposes Power & Cooling Information Facilities & Logistics Management Organizationally & Geographically Decentralized Software & Hardware 12 www.elastra.com Cloud Computing Expo 2009
  • 13. A Cloud Technology Reference Model • Add Trust, Identity and Licensing • Control Point for Compliance, Auditing • Distributed Action without Replicated Credentials Licensing, Security, Identity & Trust Facilities & Logistics Management Organizationally & Geographically Decentralized Software & Hardware 13 www.elastra.com Cloud Computing Expo 2009
  • 14. A Cloud Technology Reference Model • Add easy software access to: • Configurations - HW/SW/Network/Storage Settings, Software Packages, and Dependencies • Resources - Reservations from a pool of excess capacity in storage, computing, and network Licensing, CONFIGURATION RESOURCE Security, Identity MANAGEMENT MANAGEMENT & Trust Facilities & Logistics Management Organizationally & Geographically Decentralized Software & Hardware 14 www.elastra.com Cloud Computing Expo 2009
  • 15. A Cloud Technology Reference Model • Add some visibility: • A Hyperlinked Model of Metadata (What uses or contains what other things?) • Lifecycle (when and how can things change?) System Lifecycles & Management Processes Change, Versioning, Autonomic Provisioning, Scale and Recovery Hyperlinked Models & Metadata Capabilities, Configurations, Reservations & Dependencies Licensing, CONFIGURATION RESOURCE Security, Identity MANAGEMENT MANAGEMENT & Trust Facilities & Logistics Management Organizationally & Geographically Decentralized Software & Hardware 15 www.elastra.com Cloud Computing Expo 2009
  • 16. A Cloud Technology Reference Model • Add some real-world context: • Governance (Who has authority / responsibility to change, and how?) • Constraints & Policies (How are concerns addressed in the design?) • Testing, Monitoring & Operations (How do we manage & verify?) The IT Service GOVERNANCE Testing, Monitori Constraints & Policies ng & Operations Scalability, Allocation Strategy, Security System Lifecycles & Management Processes Change, Versioning, Autonomic Provisioning, Scale and Recovery 16 www.elastra.com Cloud Computing Expo 2009
  • 17. A Cloud Technology Reference Model The IT Service GOVERNANCE Testing, Monitori Constraints & Policies ng & Operations Scalability, Allocation Strategy, Security System Lifecycles & Management Processes Change, Versioning, Autonomic Provisioning, Scale and Recovery Hyperlinked Models & Metadata Capabilities, Configurations, Reservations & Dependencies Licensing, CONFIGURATION RESOURCE Security, Identity MANAGEMENT MANAGEMENT & Trust Facilities & Logistics Management Organizationally & Geographically Decentralized Software & Hardware 17 www.elastra.com Cloud Computing Expo 2009
  • 18. Infrastructure Clouds Start Here: The IT Service Your Problem GOVERNANCE Testing, Constraints & Policies Monitoring & Scalability, Allocation Strategy, Security Operations System Lifecycles & Management Processes Change, Versioning, Autonomic Provisioning, Scale and Recovery Hyperlinked Models & Metadata Capabilities, Configurations, Reservations & Dependencies Licensing, Secur CONFIGURATION RESOURCE ity, Identity & Their MANAGEMENT MANAGEMENT Trust Facilities & Problem Logistics Management Organizationally & Geographically Decentralized Software & Hardware 18 www.elastra.com Cloud Computing Expo 2009
  • 19. “Enterprise Cloud Servers” Extend the Level of Control & Automation The IT Service Your Problem GOVERNANCE Testing, Monitori Constraints & Policies ng & Operations Scalability, Allocation Strategy, Security System Lifecycles & Management Processes Change, Versioning, Autonomic Provisioning, Scale and Recovery Hyperlinked Models & Metadata Capabilities, Configurations, Reservations & Dependencies Licensing, CONFIGURATION RESOURCE Security, Identity Their MANAGEMENT MANAGEMENT & Trust Facilities & Problem Logistics Management Organizationally & Geographically Decentralized Software & Hardware 19 www.elastra.com Cloud Computing Expo 2009
  • 20. Cloud Platforms – As Perceived LOL, Your Application Testing, GOVERNANCE (Insert Code Here) Monitoring & Operations DON’T WORRY YOUR PRETTY HEAD, WE HAVE THE REST UNDER CONTROL 20 www.elastra.com Cloud Computing Expo 2009
  • 21. The Likely Evolution of Cloud Platforms The IT Service GOVERNANCE Constraints & Policies Scalability, Allocation Strategy, Security Testing, Monit oring & Operations System Lifecycles & Management Processes Change, Versioning, Autonomic Provisioning, Scale and Recovery 21 www.elastra.com Cloud Computing Expo 2009
  • 22. Filling in the Architecture Gap What How Where Who When Why 1. Business Business Information Processes Geography Strategy Organization Events & Collaboration Architecture-Aware 2. System, Policy, and Configuration Management Secured Event Traceable Databases Applications Networks User 3. Processing Models Interfaces 22 www.elastra.com Cloud Computing Expo 2009
  • 23. Enterprise Cloud Computing Consumption, EA & DCA Portfolio of Standards & Planning, Virtualized Policies Improvements APPLICATION Private Clouds System Lifecycles RESOURCES Hyperlinked Models APP ARCH IT OPS MGT & Metadata Improved End-to-End Policies Policy-Based Service IT OPS Design with Public Clouds Dynamic Availability Delivery with Flexibility Control Efficient Consumption Metering Application Servers & Billing Storage VMs IT-CONTROLLED CLOUD COMPUTING • Accelerate application delivery • Improve IT service management • Business obtains flexibility while IT maintains control 23 www.elastra.com
  • 24. Helping Drive a Collaborative Process ENTERPRISE IT OPERATIONS ARCHITECTS Architectural IT Policies Standards APPLICATION ARCHITECTS IT MANAGEMENT Auditing, Policy-Based Metering, Architectural and Designs Planning DEV/QA TEAMS SYSTEM ADMINS Automatic Provisioning & Configuration Request Deploy & Dev/QA Configure Systems Systems ENTERPRISE CLOUD Test System Staging System Production System Private & Public Cloud Resources 24 www.elastra.com
  • 25. Hyperlinked Cloud Markup Languages Modular, layered, open-world, “connective tissue” CONCEPT IMPLEMENTATION ECML Elastic Computing Markup Language MARKUP • What is the system supposed to do? DEFINE ECML EDML Elastic Deployment Markup Language EDML • How does the system do what it is supposed to do? ELML EMML Elastic Licensing Markup Language • What are the licensing implications of deploying EXTEND this system? ELML EMML Elastic Management Markup Language • What are the management procedures for running this system? 25 www.elastra.com Cloud Computing Expo 2009
  • 26. Conclusions Enterprise Architecture helps to prioritize and align an organization’s ability to execute » But there has been long been a communication gap between intensions and results Cloud Computing technology drastically reduces provision lead times and enables quick iteration A Cloud-Oriented synthesis of IT Architecture, Provisioning and Service Management may help bridge the gap » “Architecture-Aware Clouds” 26 www.elastra.com Cloud Computing Expo 2009
  • 27. Thank You stuartc@elastra.com The Enterprise Cloud Company www.elastra.com