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Communicating With ATC Created by Luis A. Riverol  ©2009
Communicating With ATC <ul><li>Basic radio communications </li></ul><ul><li>Listening to the ATIS </li></ul><ul><li>Contac...
Basic  Radio Communications Created by Luis A. Riverol  ©2009
Basic Radio Communications <ul><li>Use phonetic numbers and letters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Found in AIM  section 4-2-7 </li...
Phonetic Alphabet Created by Luis A. Riverol  ©2009 A-Alfah J-Juliet S-Sierra 2-TOO B-Bravo K-Kilo T-Tango 3-TREE C-Charli...
Use of Aircraft IDs <ul><li>Use full Aircraft ID on initial contact. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Tamiami Tower, Cessna one-two...
Radio Technique <ul><li>Listen before you transmit </li></ul><ul><li>Think before keying your transmitter </li></ul><ul><l...
Radio Failure Procedures <ul><li>Check equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Squawk “7600” </li></ul><ul><li>Transmit intentions in ...
Automatic Terminal Information  System Created by Luis A. Riverol  ©2009
Receiving ATIS <ul><li>Pilots should listen to ATIS whenever it is in operation </li></ul><ul><li>Pilots should notify con...
ATIS Contents <ul><li>Airport identification </li></ul><ul><li>ATIS letter code </li></ul><ul><li>Time of observation </li...
ATIS Contents (Cont.) <ul><li>Approaches in use </li></ul><ul><li>Runways in use </li></ul><ul><li>Closures </li></ul><ul>...
ATIS Example Created by Luis A. Riverol  ©2009
Contacting Clearance Delivery Created by Luis A. Riverol  ©2009
Contacting Clearance Delivery at Tamiami Airport <ul><li>Not required for VFR departures </li></ul><ul><li>When requesting...
Clearance Delivery Responses <ul><li>VFR flight following </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aircraft ID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dep...
Contacting Ground Control Created by Luis A. Riverol  ©2009
Contacting Ground Control <ul><li>Before contacting Ground Control for taxi instructions you should: </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
Contacting Ground Control <ul><li>When making initial call to Ground Control state the following; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ta...
Ground Control Response <ul><li>AC ID, Tamiami Ground </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taxi to runway niner left via Alpha. </li></ul...
Pilot Response to Ground Control <ul><li>The pilot should read back the taxi instructions. </li></ul><ul><li>The pilot  sh...
Contacting Tower Created by Luis A. Riverol  ©2009
Contacting Tower (Departures) <ul><li>Be ready to depart </li></ul><ul><li>Initial call should include </li></ul><ul><ul><...
The Takeoff Clearance <ul><li>Composed of the following elements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aircraft ID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Alternate Instructions <ul><li>Cleared for immediate takeoff or hold short </li></ul><ul><li>Runway Position and hold </li...
Traffic Advisories <ul><li>Provided as workload permits and proximity warrants it </li></ul><ul><li>Issued in the followin...
Contacting Tower (Arrivals) <ul><li>Initial call should include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tamiami Tower </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Tower Response <ul><li>Aircraft ID, Tamiami Tower  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Report at a specific point </li></ul></ul></u...
Spacing and Sequencing Instructions <ul><li>Extend downwind </li></ul><ul><li>Make short approach </li></ul><ul><li>Follow...
Landing Clearances <ul><li>Aircraft ID, Tamiami Tower </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleared to land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cle...
Landing Clearances (Cont.) <ul><li>Aircraft ID, Tamiami Tower </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Option approved (clearance had been is...
Questions? Created by Luis A. Riverol  ©2009
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Communicating With Atc Iii

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  1. 1. Communicating With ATC Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  2. 2. Communicating With ATC <ul><li>Basic radio communications </li></ul><ul><li>Listening to the ATIS </li></ul><ul><li>Contacting Clearance Delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Contacting Ground Control </li></ul><ul><li>Contacting Tower </li></ul>Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  3. 3. Basic Radio Communications Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  4. 4. Basic Radio Communications <ul><li>Use phonetic numbers and letters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Found in AIM section 4-2-7 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Proper use of Aircraft IDs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Found in AIM section 4-2-4 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Radio technique </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Found in AIM section 4-2-2 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Radio failure procedures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Found in AIM sections 6-4-1,2,3 </li></ul></ul>Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  5. 5. Phonetic Alphabet Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009 A-Alfah J-Juliet S-Sierra 2-TOO B-Bravo K-Kilo T-Tango 3-TREE C-Charlie L-Lima U-Uniform 4-FOW-er D-Delta M-Mike V-Victor 5-FIFE E-Echo N-November W-Whiskey 6-SIX F-Foxtrot O-Oscar X-Xray 7-SEV-en G-Golf P-Papa Y-Yankee 8-AIT H-Hotel Q-Quebec Z-Zulu 9-NINE-er I-India R-Romeo 1- WUN 0-ZEE-RO
  6. 6. Use of Aircraft IDs <ul><li>Use full Aircraft ID on initial contact. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Tamiami Tower, Cessna one-two-two-five-six” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aircraft type is preferable to “November”. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Baron one-six-three-alpha bravo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lancair three-four-niner-one-foxtrot </li></ul></ul><ul><li>May abbreviate after initial contact. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aztec two seven four </li></ul></ul>Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  7. 7. Radio Technique <ul><li>Listen before you transmit </li></ul><ul><li>Think before keying your transmitter </li></ul><ul><li>Wait a reasonable time for a reply </li></ul><ul><li>Be alert for the lack of sounds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check volume </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check com panel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check for stuck microphone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check receiver frequency </li></ul></ul>Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  8. 8. Radio Failure Procedures <ul><li>Check equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Squawk “7600” </li></ul><ul><li>Transmit intentions in the blind </li></ul><ul><li>Over fly the airport at 500 feet above pattern altitude </li></ul><ul><li>Join pattern of active runway </li></ul><ul><li>Look for light gun signals </li></ul>Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  9. 9. Automatic Terminal Information System Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  10. 10. Receiving ATIS <ul><li>Pilots should listen to ATIS whenever it is in operation </li></ul><ul><li>Pilots should notify controllers on initial contact that they have received the current ATIS by stating the correct ATIS letter code. </li></ul><ul><li>Reference AIM section 4-1-13 </li></ul>Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  11. 11. ATIS Contents <ul><li>Airport identification </li></ul><ul><li>ATIS letter code </li></ul><ul><li>Time of observation </li></ul><ul><li>Wind direction & speed in knots </li></ul><ul><li>Visibility in SM </li></ul><ul><li>Obstructions to vision </li></ul><ul><li>Weather phenomena </li></ul><ul><li>Sky conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature </li></ul><ul><li>Dew-point </li></ul><ul><li>Altimeter setting </li></ul><ul><li>Other pertinent remarks </li></ul>Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  12. 12. ATIS Contents (Cont.) <ul><li>Approaches in use </li></ul><ul><li>Runways in use </li></ul><ul><li>Closures </li></ul><ul><li>NOTAM’s </li></ul><ul><li>Bird advisories </li></ul><ul><li>Braking action reports </li></ul><ul><li>Optional information </li></ul><ul><li>Hazardous weather advisories </li></ul><ul><li>Low Level Windshear Advisories </li></ul><ul><li>Instructions for the pilot to acknowledge receipt of the ATIS </li></ul>Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  13. 13. ATIS Example Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  14. 14. Contacting Clearance Delivery Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  15. 15. Contacting Clearance Delivery at Tamiami Airport <ul><li>Not required for VFR departures </li></ul><ul><li>When requesting VFR flight following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full Aircraft ID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aircraft type </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Destination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requested altitude </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When requesting IFR clearance: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full Aircraft ID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Destination </li></ul></ul>Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  16. 16. Clearance Delivery Responses <ul><li>VFR flight following </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aircraft ID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Departure frequency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Squawk code </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IFR Clearance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aircraft ID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleared to destination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Via routing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain initial altitude </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expect higher altitude </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Departure frequency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Squawk code </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The pilot should read back the issued clearance and shall read back the assigned altitudes. </li></ul>Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  17. 17. Contacting Ground Control Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  18. 18. Contacting Ground Control <ul><li>Before contacting Ground Control for taxi instructions you should: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine your position on the airport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Familiarize yourself with the airport diagram </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be familiar with airport signage and markings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reposition yourself near a Spot Number </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If you are unfamiliar with the airport you should request progressive taxi instructions </li></ul>Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  19. 19. Contacting Ground Control <ul><li>When making initial call to Ground Control state the following; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tamiami Ground </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aircraft ID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Location (Spot Number) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Request </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direction of flight or indicate you are IFR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Receipt of ATIS code </li></ul></ul>Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  20. 20. Ground Control Response <ul><li>AC ID, Tamiami Ground </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taxi to runway niner left via Alpha. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taxi to runway niner right via taxiway Echo. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Possible Ground Control responses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hold your position for inbound traffic. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow the aircraft to runway one three. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Runway niner right via Echo, hold short of runway one three. </li></ul></ul>Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  21. 21. Pilot Response to Ground Control <ul><li>The pilot should read back the taxi instructions. </li></ul><ul><li>The pilot shall read back any and all hold short instructions. </li></ul><ul><li>The pilot should request clarification if unsure of any taxi or hold short instructions before he/she proceeds onto any runway. </li></ul>Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  22. 22. Contacting Tower Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  23. 23. Contacting Tower (Departures) <ul><li>Be ready to depart </li></ul><ul><li>Initial call should include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tamiami Tower </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aircraft ID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Runway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Request and/or direction of flight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Short delay on runway </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rolling start </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remain in the pattern </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Depart to the southwest </li></ul></ul></ul>Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  24. 24. The Takeoff Clearance <ul><li>Composed of the following elements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aircraft ID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tamiami Tower </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No delay, traffic information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Right/left turn approved (fly normal pattern) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heading </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Runway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleared for takeoff </li></ul></ul>Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  25. 25. Alternate Instructions <ul><li>Cleared for immediate takeoff or hold short </li></ul><ul><li>Runway Position and hold </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Position of closest aircraft requesting to land on Runway </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hold short of runway </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reason </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sequence number </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Proceed up to and hold short of runway </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot shall read back hold short and position and hold instructions </li></ul>Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  26. 26. Traffic Advisories <ul><li>Provided as workload permits and proximity warrants it </li></ul><ul><li>Issued in the following sequence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Position from aircraft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Azimuth in terms of 12 hour clock </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In terms of the 8 cardinal compass points </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distance from aircraft in miles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direction moving or relative direction of movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Type of aircraft, if known </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Altitude, if known </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Advise when traffic is no longer a factor </li></ul>Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  27. 27. Contacting Tower (Arrivals) <ul><li>Initial call should include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tamiami Tower </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aircraft ID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Position relative to airport and altitude </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Request </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Full stop </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Touch and go </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ATIS code </li></ul></ul>Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  28. 28. Tower Response <ul><li>Aircraft ID, Tamiami Tower </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Report at a specific point </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fly (direction) to join/ follow </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remain clear of Class Delta, expect clearance in # minutes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Pilot should read back instructions </li></ul>Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  29. 29. Spacing and Sequencing Instructions <ul><li>Extend downwind </li></ul><ul><li>Make short approach </li></ul><ul><li>Follow </li></ul><ul><li>Make left/right 360/270/180 </li></ul><ul><li>Go around </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot should read back instructions </li></ul>Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  30. 30. Landing Clearances <ul><li>Aircraft ID, Tamiami Tower </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleared to land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleared touch and go </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleared stop and go </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleared low approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleared for the option </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Full stop </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Touch and go </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stop and go </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Low approach </li></ul></ul></ul>Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  31. 31. Landing Clearances (Cont.) <ul><li>Aircraft ID, Tamiami Tower </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Option approved (clearance had been issued) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unable option (alternate instructions) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unable (type of option), other options approved </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tower will advise of traffic holding in position </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot should read back clearance </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot shall execute the clearance given unless amendment is requested and approved </li></ul>Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  32. 32. Questions? Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
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