Communicating With Atc Iii
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Communicating With Atc Iii

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Communicating With Atc Iii Communicating With Atc Iii Presentation Transcript

  • Communicating With ATC Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Communicating With ATC
    • Basic radio communications
    • Listening to the ATIS
    • Contacting Clearance Delivery
    • Contacting Ground Control
    • Contacting Tower
    Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Basic Radio Communications Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Basic Radio Communications
    • Use phonetic numbers and letters
      • Found in AIM section 4-2-7
    • Proper use of Aircraft IDs
      • Found in AIM section 4-2-4
    • Radio technique
      • Found in AIM section 4-2-2
    • Radio failure procedures
      • Found in AIM sections 6-4-1,2,3
    Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Phonetic Alphabet Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009 A-Alfah J-Juliet S-Sierra 2-TOO B-Bravo K-Kilo T-Tango 3-TREE C-Charlie L-Lima U-Uniform 4-FOW-er D-Delta M-Mike V-Victor 5-FIFE E-Echo N-November W-Whiskey 6-SIX F-Foxtrot O-Oscar X-Xray 7-SEV-en G-Golf P-Papa Y-Yankee 8-AIT H-Hotel Q-Quebec Z-Zulu 9-NINE-er I-India R-Romeo 1- WUN 0-ZEE-RO
  • Use of Aircraft IDs
    • Use full Aircraft ID on initial contact.
      • “ Tamiami Tower, Cessna one-two-two-five-six”
    • Aircraft type is preferable to “November”.
      • Baron one-six-three-alpha bravo
      • Lancair three-four-niner-one-foxtrot
    • May abbreviate after initial contact.
      • Aztec two seven four
    Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Radio Technique
    • Listen before you transmit
    • Think before keying your transmitter
    • Wait a reasonable time for a reply
    • Be alert for the lack of sounds
      • Check volume
      • Check com panel
      • Check for stuck microphone
      • Check receiver frequency
    Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Radio Failure Procedures
    • Check equipment
    • Squawk “7600”
    • Transmit intentions in the blind
    • Over fly the airport at 500 feet above pattern altitude
    • Join pattern of active runway
    • Look for light gun signals
    Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Automatic Terminal Information System Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Receiving ATIS
    • Pilots should listen to ATIS whenever it is in operation
    • Pilots should notify controllers on initial contact that they have received the current ATIS by stating the correct ATIS letter code.
    • Reference AIM section 4-1-13
    Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • ATIS Contents
    • Airport identification
    • ATIS letter code
    • Time of observation
    • Wind direction & speed in knots
    • Visibility in SM
    • Obstructions to vision
    • Weather phenomena
    • Sky conditions
    • Temperature
    • Dew-point
    • Altimeter setting
    • Other pertinent remarks
    Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • ATIS Contents (Cont.)
    • Approaches in use
    • Runways in use
    • Closures
    • NOTAM’s
    • Bird advisories
    • Braking action reports
    • Optional information
    • Hazardous weather advisories
    • Low Level Windshear Advisories
    • Instructions for the pilot to acknowledge receipt of the ATIS
    Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • ATIS Example Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Contacting Clearance Delivery Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Contacting Clearance Delivery at Tamiami Airport
    • Not required for VFR departures
    • When requesting VFR flight following:
      • Full Aircraft ID
      • Aircraft type
      • Destination
      • Requested altitude
    • When requesting IFR clearance:
      • Full Aircraft ID
      • Destination
    Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Clearance Delivery Responses
    • VFR flight following
      • Aircraft ID
      • Departure frequency
      • Squawk code
    • IFR Clearance
      • Aircraft ID
      • Cleared to destination
      • Via routing
      • Maintain initial altitude
      • Expect higher altitude
      • Departure frequency
      • Squawk code
    • The pilot should read back the issued clearance and shall read back the assigned altitudes.
    Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Contacting Ground Control Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Contacting Ground Control
    • Before contacting Ground Control for taxi instructions you should:
      • Determine your position on the airport
      • Familiarize yourself with the airport diagram
      • Be familiar with airport signage and markings
      • Reposition yourself near a Spot Number
    • If you are unfamiliar with the airport you should request progressive taxi instructions
    Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Contacting Ground Control
    • When making initial call to Ground Control state the following;
      • Tamiami Ground
      • Aircraft ID
      • Location (Spot Number)
      • Request
      • Direction of flight or indicate you are IFR
      • Receipt of ATIS code
    Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Ground Control Response
    • AC ID, Tamiami Ground
      • Taxi to runway niner left via Alpha.
      • Taxi to runway niner right via taxiway Echo.
    • Possible Ground Control responses:
      • Hold your position for inbound traffic.
      • Follow the aircraft to runway one three.
      • Runway niner right via Echo, hold short of runway one three.
    Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Pilot Response to Ground Control
    • The pilot should read back the taxi instructions.
    • The pilot shall read back any and all hold short instructions.
    • The pilot should request clarification if unsure of any taxi or hold short instructions before he/she proceeds onto any runway.
    Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Contacting Tower Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Contacting Tower (Departures)
    • Be ready to depart
    • Initial call should include
      • Tamiami Tower
      • Aircraft ID
      • Runway
      • Request and/or direction of flight
        • Short delay on runway
        • Rolling start
        • Remain in the pattern
        • Depart to the southwest
    Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • The Takeoff Clearance
    • Composed of the following elements
      • Aircraft ID
      • Tamiami Tower
      • Instructions
        • No delay, traffic information
        • Right/left turn approved (fly normal pattern)
        • Heading
        • Other
      • Runway
      • Cleared for takeoff
    Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Alternate Instructions
    • Cleared for immediate takeoff or hold short
    • Runway Position and hold
      • Position of closest aircraft requesting to land on Runway
    • Hold short of runway
      • Reason
      • Sequence number
    • Proceed up to and hold short of runway
    • Pilot shall read back hold short and position and hold instructions
    Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Traffic Advisories
    • Provided as workload permits and proximity warrants it
    • Issued in the following sequence
      • Position from aircraft
        • Azimuth in terms of 12 hour clock
        • In terms of the 8 cardinal compass points
      • Distance from aircraft in miles
      • Direction moving or relative direction of movement
      • Type of aircraft, if known
      • Altitude, if known
    • Advise when traffic is no longer a factor
    Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Contacting Tower (Arrivals)
    • Initial call should include
      • Tamiami Tower
      • Aircraft ID
      • Position relative to airport and altitude
      • Request
        • Full stop
        • Touch and go
        • Transition
      • ATIS code
    Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Tower Response
    • Aircraft ID, Tamiami Tower
        • Report at a specific point
        • Fly (direction) to join/ follow
        • Remain clear of Class Delta, expect clearance in # minutes
    • Pilot should read back instructions
    Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Spacing and Sequencing Instructions
    • Extend downwind
    • Make short approach
    • Follow
    • Make left/right 360/270/180
    • Go around
    • Pilot should read back instructions
    Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Landing Clearances
    • Aircraft ID, Tamiami Tower
      • Cleared to land
      • Cleared touch and go
      • Cleared stop and go
      • Cleared low approach
      • Cleared for the option
        • Full stop
        • Touch and go
        • Stop and go
        • Low approach
    Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Landing Clearances (Cont.)
    • Aircraft ID, Tamiami Tower
      • Option approved (clearance had been issued)
      • Unable option (alternate instructions)
      • Unable (type of option), other options approved
    • Tower will advise of traffic holding in position
    • Pilot should read back clearance
    • Pilot shall execute the clearance given unless amendment is requested and approved
    Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009
  • Questions? Created by Luis A. Riverol ©2009