Major Incident and Disaster Response

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The companion PowerPoint presentation for Chapter Seventeen (Major Incident and Disaster Response) for the book Police Technology.

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Major Incident and Disaster Response

  1. 1. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Police TechnologyPolice Technology Chapter SeventeenChapter Seventeen Major IncidentMajor Incident AndAnd Disaster ResponseDisaster Response
  2. 2. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo Learning ObjectivesLearning Objectives  Be familiar withBe familiar with Federal EmergencyFederal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)Management Agency (FEMA) andand understandunderstand Incident Command SystemIncident Command System (ICS)(ICS)  Understand how technology can enhanceUnderstand how technology can enhance the different organizational missions,the different organizational missions, goals, and objectives at a major incidentgoals, and objectives at a major incident or disasteror disaster
  3. 3. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo  Understand the importance of anUnderstand the importance of an IncidentIncident Command Post (ICP)Command Post (ICP)  Understand the typical configuration of anUnderstand the typical configuration of an Emergency Operations Center (EOC)Emergency Operations Center (EOC)  Explore some of the technologies used inExplore some of the technologies used in the response to major incidents andthe response to major incidents and disastersdisasters Learning ObjectivesLearning Objectives
  4. 4. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo IntroductionIntroduction  AA major incidentmajor incident is any incident where oneis any incident where one police officer assumes the responsibility topolice officer assumes the responsibility to direct the actions of two or more officers atdirect the actions of two or more officers at the scene of an incidentthe scene of an incident  AA disasterdisaster is any unexpected occurrenceis any unexpected occurrence that disrupts routine life in a community forthat disrupts routine life in a community for more than twenty-four hours and causesmore than twenty-four hours and causes life of life or property.life of life or property.
  5. 5. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo Two types of disastersTwo types of disasters NaturalNatural  A Geological eventA Geological event (e.g., earthquake,(e.g., earthquake, landslide, sinkhole)landslide, sinkhole)  Weather-relatedWeather-related event (e.g.,event (e.g., Hurricane, flood, fire)Hurricane, flood, fire) Photograph provided by Robert Eplett, California Governor’s Office of Emergency Services
  6. 6. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo Two types of disastersTwo types of disasters Human causedHuman caused  Aircraft crashAircraft crash  Chemical spillChemical spill  Traffic Collision (100-Traffic Collision (100- car pile-ups)car pile-ups)  Major crime incidentMajor crime incident (Hostage situations,(Hostage situations, North Hwy shootout)North Hwy shootout) Photograph provided by Robert Eplett, California Governor’s Office of Emergency Services
  7. 7. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo DisastersDisasters The first step inThe first step in returning to areturning to a state of normalcystate of normalcy is establishingis establishing leadership overleadership over the incident.the incident.Photograph provided by Robert Eplett, California Governor’s Office of Emergency Services
  8. 8. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo Incident Command SystemIncident Command System  Consider ICS anConsider ICS an organizationalorganizational technology!technology! Photograph provided by Robert Eplett, California Governor’s Office of Emergency Services
  9. 9. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo Incident Command SystemIncident Command System  An organizational model for command,An organizational model for command, control, and coordination of an agency’scontrol, and coordination of an agency’s response to an unusual occurrence.response to an unusual occurrence.  Originally developed by firefighters toOriginally developed by firefighters to coordinate multiple agency response to ancoordinate multiple agency response to an emergencyemergency  Law enforcement do not have as manyLaw enforcement do not have as many mutual aid experiences as the fire servicemutual aid experiences as the fire service
  10. 10. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo Standardized EmergencyStandardized Emergency Management System (SEMS)Management System (SEMS)  Requires state law enforcement toRequires state law enforcement to use SEMS so they will be eligible foruse SEMS so they will be eligible for state funding.state funding.  Encourages local agencies to useEncourages local agencies to use SEMSSEMS  In 1994, FEMA adopted SEMSIn 1994, FEMA adopted SEMS
  11. 11. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo National Incident ManagementNational Incident Management SystemSystem  After 9/11, one of the majorAfter 9/11, one of the major recommendations of the 9/11 Commissionrecommendations of the 9/11 Commission was the adoption of thewas the adoption of the National IncidentNational Incident Management SystemManagement System  There was a clear difference between theThere was a clear difference between the responses in New York (no adoption ofresponses in New York (no adoption of ICS) and Washington, DC (where ICS hadICS) and Washington, DC (where ICS had been adopted.been adopted. New Information Photograph provided by Robert Eplett, California Governor’s Office of Emergency Services
  12. 12. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo National Incident ManagementNational Incident Management SystemSystem  NIMS is nearlyNIMS is nearly identical to SEMS/ICSidentical to SEMS/ICS  NIMS is required forNIMS is required for federal funding fromfederal funding from the Department ofthe Department of Homeland SecurityHomeland Security  The primary conceptThe primary concept isis Unified CommandUnified Command Photograph provided by Robert Eplett, California Governor’s Office of Emergency Services New Information
  13. 13. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo Incident Command SystemIncident Command System Incorporates 7Incorporates 7 basic emergencybasic emergency managementmanagement conceptsconcepts  Unified commandUnified command  Modular OrganizationModular Organization  Span of ControlSpan of Control  Common terminologyCommon terminology  Consolidated actionConsolidated action plansplans  ComprehensiveComprehensive resourceresource ManagementManagement  CommunicationCommunication InteroperabilityInteroperability
  14. 14. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo The modular organization of the ICS organizationalThe modular organization of the ICS organizational structure has five primary components:structure has five primary components: Incident Commande r Planning Section Operations Section Logistics Section Finance/ Admin. Section Incident Command SystemIncident Command System
  15. 15. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo The Incident Commander should be theThe Incident Commander should be the mostmost qualified person,qualified person, not merely the highest-rankingnot merely the highest-ranking individual.individual. TheThe first responderfirst responder is generally the Incidentis generally the Incident Commander unless and until that responsibilityCommander unless and until that responsibility is assumed by a more qualified person.is assumed by a more qualified person. Incident Command SystemIncident Command System
  16. 16. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo Situation EstimateSituation Estimate  Location of incidentLocation of incident  Perceived area involvedPerceived area involved  Type of incidentType of incident  Special hazardsSpecial hazards  Types of resources neededTypes of resources needed  Ingress and egress routesIngress and egress routes
  17. 17. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo Incident Command PostIncident Command Post  Is the field office from which the incidentIs the field office from which the incident commander operates (temporarycommander operates (temporary headquarters)headquarters)  Must be close enough to the incident toMust be close enough to the incident to manage itmanage it  Far enough away to not become part ofFar enough away to not become part of the problemthe problem
  18. 18. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo Incident Commande r Planning Section Operations Section Logistics Section Finance/ Admin. Section Operations SectionOperations Section Most First Responders Work with the Operations Section
  19. 19. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo  Is responsible for carrying out the actionIs responsible for carrying out the action plans decided upon by the Incidentplans decided upon by the Incident Commander.Commander.  Action plansAction plans identify objectives andidentify objectives and strategies (written or oral)strategies (written or oral)  Operations can branch out (differentOperations can branch out (different functions, locations, teams of workers)functions, locations, teams of workers) Operations SectionOperations Section
  20. 20. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo Incident Command PostIncident Command Post TechnologyTechnology  The patrol vehicle isThe patrol vehicle is fast become a mobilefast become a mobile office.office.  Many policeMany police department havedepartment have taken passengertaken passenger police cars andpolice cars and outfitted them asoutfitted them as mobile incidentmobile incident command posts.command posts. Photograph provided by 308 Systems
  21. 21. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo Bigger ICPsBigger ICPs Police cars - Trunk-Police cars - Trunk- mounted platformsmounted platforms work well for mostwork well for most incidentsincidents SUVs – larger, canSUVs – larger, can carry more resourcescarry more resources to the scene of anto the scene of an incident.incident. Photographs provided by Troy Products, Inc Photographs provided by Troy Products, Inc
  22. 22. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo Specialty VehicleSpecialty Vehicle Can be a convertedCan be a converted RV, bus, or tractorRV, bus, or tractor trailer rig.trailer rig.
  23. 23. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo Emergency Operation CentersEmergency Operation Centers  Can be thought of as a complexCan be thought of as a complex dispatch center used for thedispatch center used for the management and control of themanagement and control of the disaster.disaster.  May be supplemented by multipleMay be supplemented by multiple ICPs in the field.ICPs in the field.
  24. 24. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo EOC structure similar to ICSEOC structure similar to ICS Director Operations Planning Logistics Admin.
  25. 25. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo Job of the EOC. . .Job of the EOC. . .  Coordinates all theCoordinates all the activities within aactivities within a jurisdiction on a widerjurisdiction on a wider scale.scale.  Relieves some of theRelieves some of the admin burden fromadmin burden from the Incidentthe Incident commanders.commanders.  Directs resourcesDirects resources E O C ICP1 ICP2 ICP3 ICP4
  26. 26. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo Technological ConsiderationsTechnological Considerations for the First Responderfor the First Responder Police officers dutiesPolice officers duties as a major incident oras a major incident or disaster include:disaster include: DO NOT becomeDO NOT become part of the problem!part of the problem!  Perimeter controlPerimeter control  Incident securityIncident security  Traffic controlTraffic control  Crowd controlCrowd control  Assisting evacuationAssisting evacuation  Preserving andPreserving and collecting evidencecollecting evidence  Admin support to ICAdmin support to IC
  27. 27. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymo What’s Not Included?What’s Not Included?  Robots used forRobots used for disarming explosivedisarming explosive devices anddevices and searching dangeroussearching dangerous areasareas  Specialized protectionSpecialized protection equipmentequipment Photograph provided by Robert Eplett, California Governor’s Office of Emergency Services
  28. 28. Copyright Protected 2005: Hi Tech Criminal Justice, Raymond E. Foster Police TechnologyPolice Technology Go to theGo to the Student ResourcesStudent Resources page atpage at www.hitechcj.comwww.hitechcj.com

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