American Municipal Policing: A Briefing for Foreign Dignitaries

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I use this PowerPoint presentation when working with my clients overseas. It helps to establish my point of view as well as open a conversation on the differences between their models of policing and the typical American experience.

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  • THIS IS THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 45TH & 46TH PRESIDENT ARLENEA BALLARD(MARIE)23978554917479-79-44726491-756489-456274-9161-89-816492 & CHIEF OF MESA LIC#246189, NEW YORK LIC#446192 POLICE AS WELL AS THE CHIEF OF THE SHERRIF'S DEPARTMENT LIC#24716472 BENCH WARRANT I WOULD LIKE THIS WARRANT TO BE ISSUES TO OBAMA BARACK. WARRANT NO.74926793 SUBPOENA NO.471769764756191. COURT ORDER NO.447261-FBI AGENT GEORGE MASON MURRAY YOU HAVE BENCH WARRANT FOR YOUR ARREST. BENCH WARRANT NO.44718192647174 & SUBPOENA NO.44719391-7492 & COURT ORDER NO.9710891. REQUESTING PICK-UP AND ESCORT NOW OR JAIL TIME!!!!!!!!! FORMER PRESIDENT OBAMA BARACK & FBI AGENT BISHOP: GEORGE MASON MURRAY.
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American Municipal Policing: A Briefing for Foreign Dignitaries

  1. 1. Copyright 2009 Hi Tech Criminal Justice American MunicipalAmerican Municipal PolicingPolicing A Briefing for Foreign DignitariesA Briefing for Foreign Dignitaries By Lieutenant Raymond E. Foster, LAPDBy Lieutenant Raymond E. Foster, LAPD (ret.)(ret.)
  2. 2. Copyright 2009 Hi Tech Criminal Justice American Municipal PolicingAmerican Municipal Policing  The purpose of thisThe purpose of this presentation is a briefpresentation is a brief overview of the natureoverview of the nature of how Americanof how American Municipal policing andMunicipal policing and how it may differ fromhow it may differ from other countries.other countries.
  3. 3. Copyright 2009 Hi Tech Criminal Justice American MunicipalAmerican Municipal Policing differs fromPolicing differs from most other countries inmost other countries in that it is:that it is:  localized, yet legallylocalized, yet legally governed nationally;governed nationally;  driven by officer initiateddriven by officer initiated activities; and,activities; and,  Managed in a top-downManaged in a top-down manner.manner.
  4. 4. Copyright 2009 Hi Tech Criminal Justice A local PhenomenonA local Phenomenon  American Policing is accomplished at theAmerican Policing is accomplished at the local levellocal level  There are more than 18,000 State andThere are more than 18,000 State and Local law enforcement agenciesLocal law enforcement agencies  While controlled at the local level, lawWhile controlled at the local level, law enforcement activity in the United States isenforcement activity in the United States is governed by the US Constitutiongoverned by the US Constitution
  5. 5. Copyright 2009 Hi Tech Criminal Justice National GovernanceNational Governance While accomplished atWhile accomplished at the local level,the local level, AmericanAmerican Municipal Policing isMunicipal Policing is empowered by the USempowered by the US Constitution.Constitution.
  6. 6. Copyright 2009 Hi Tech Criminal Justice The 4The 4thth AmendmentAmendment  ““The right of the people to be secure inThe right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, andtheir persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searcheseffects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and noand seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probableWarrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation,cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to beand particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to besearched, and the persons or things to be seized.”seized.”
  7. 7. Copyright 2009 Hi Tech Criminal Justice Primary ConceptsPrimary Concepts  ReasonableReasonable SuspicionSuspicion  Probable CauseProbable Cause  DiscretionDiscretion
  8. 8. Copyright 2009 Hi Tech Criminal Justice Reasonable SuspicionReasonable Suspicion  Police Officers usePolice Officers use ReasonableReasonable Suspicion to detainSuspicion to detain and conduct limitedand conduct limited searches.searches.
  9. 9. Copyright 2009 Hi Tech Criminal Justice Probable CauseProbable Cause  Probable cause isProbable cause is used to make arrestsused to make arrests and conductand conduct searches.searches.
  10. 10. Copyright 2009 Hi Tech Criminal Justice DiscretionDiscretion  A Hallmark ofA Hallmark of American Policing is aAmerican Policing is a police officer’spolice officer’s authority to interveneauthority to intervene and act.and act.  A police officerA police officer chooses:chooses:  Do I intervene?Do I intervene?  What do I Do?What do I Do?  How do I do it?How do I do it?
  11. 11. Copyright 2009 Hi Tech Criminal Justice Managing Police OfficersManaging Police Officers  InfluenceInfluence  Command EmphasisCommand Emphasis  LeadershipLeadership  SupervisionSupervision  TrainingTraining  ControlsControls  RulesRules  RegulationsRegulations  PoliciesPolicies  ProceduresProcedures
  12. 12. Copyright 2009 Hi Tech Criminal Justice InfluenceInfluence  Command Emphasis – Making thingsCommand Emphasis – Making things more important than others.more important than others.  Leadership – Influencing human behaviorLeadership – Influencing human behavior toward organizational goals.toward organizational goals.  Supervision – Leadership andSupervision – Leadership and management when there is anmanagement when there is an organizational relationshiporganizational relationship  Training – Initial and in-serviceTraining – Initial and in-service
  13. 13. Copyright 2009 Hi Tech Criminal Justice ControlsControls  Rules – proscription about behaviorRules – proscription about behavior  Regulations – proscription about thingsRegulations – proscription about things  Procedures – step-by-step instructionProcedures – step-by-step instruction  Policies – statement of expectedPolicies – statement of expected organizational outcomeorganizational outcome
  14. 14. Copyright 2009 Hi Tech Criminal Justice Impact of PolicyImpact of Policy  Use of ForceUse of Force
  15. 15. Copyright 2009 Hi Tech Criminal Justice Elements of Model PoliciesElements of Model Policies  WorkableWorkable  Adaptable to trainingAdaptable to training  Written in a positive mannerWritten in a positive manner  Incorporate relevant lawIncorporate relevant law  Pre-tested to assure understandPre-tested to assure understand  TrainingTraining  ExamplesExamples
  16. 16. American PolicingAmerican Policing Click on the image of “AClick on the image of “A Concise History ofConcise History of American Policing” forAmerican Policing” for detailed information ondetailed information on the development of lawthe development of law enforcement in theenforcement in the United States.United States. Copyright 2009 Hi Tech Criminal Justice

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