Using Technology to Meet the Needs of Diverse Learners


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Using Technology to Meet the Needs of Diverse Learners

  1. 1. Using Technology to Meet the Needs of Diverse Learners Donna Murray
  2. 2. Differentiated Instruction <ul><li>“ is a model of instruction that revolves around the belief that students learn in many different ways. ” </li></ul>Taking in information (Content) Making sense of information (Process) Expressing what students learn (Product) Provides multiple options for:
  3. 4. Digital Text <ul><li>Text stored as strings of characters </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible and versatile </li></ul><ul><li>Search </li></ul><ul><li>Rearrange </li></ul><ul><li>Read aloud </li></ul><ul><li>Customize </li></ul>
  4. 5. Digital Text <ul><li>Who does it help? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students who </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>…have trouble reading standard print from books. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>…need additional info or supports placed near the text. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>…could benefit interacting with text. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Other free digital texts <ul><li> </li></ul>
  6. 7. Audio <ul><li>Text to speech </li></ul><ul><li>Read by computer on command </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-reading support </li></ul><ul><li>Access advanced materials </li></ul><ul><li>Reading and listening together </li></ul><ul><li>Read selected words/phrases </li></ul>
  7. 8. Text to speech <ul><li>Support comprehension </li></ul><ul><li>Students improve editing and proofreading </li></ul><ul><li>Rewarding and motivating </li></ul>
  8. 9. Text to speech <ul><li>Who does it help? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students who… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>…struggle with task of composing grammatically correct sentences. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>…could benefit from hearing omissions or inaccuracies in their work. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>…could benefit from auditory input to support reading. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Text to speech <ul><li> </li></ul>Listen Tool
  10. 11. Text to speech <ul><li>Free texts with audio support </li></ul>
  11. 12. Enhanced Text <ul><li>Text with images, sounds, charts, definitions, background information, questions. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Enhanced Text <ul><li>Who does it help? </li></ul><ul><li>Students who… </li></ul><ul><li>…have difficulties comprehending or organizing information. </li></ul><ul><li>…are ESL/ELL. </li></ul><ul><li>…students who need more context. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Enhanced Text
  14. 15. Software <ul><li>Support research-based strategies </li></ul><ul><li>highlighting, scaffolding, summarizing </li></ul>
  15. 16. Software <ul><li>Who does it help? </li></ul><ul><li>Students who… </li></ul><ul><li>…struggle with writing. </li></ul><ul><li>…need more time for editing and revision. </li></ul><ul><li>…have trouble with spelling and grammar. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Microsoft Word <ul><li>Adjust text appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Adjust grammar checker </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight text </li></ul><ul><li>Outlining </li></ul><ul><li>Insert text boxes/graphics </li></ul><ul><li>Determine readability of text </li></ul><ul><li>AutoSummarize </li></ul><ul><li>Thesaurus & Dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>Find synonyms to match reading level </li></ul>
  17. 18. Visual <ul><li>Nonlinguistic representations </li></ul><ul><li>Clip art </li></ul><ul><li>Streaming video </li></ul><ul><li>Digital photos </li></ul><ul><li>Graphic organizers </li></ul>
  18. 19. Visual <ul><li>Who does it help? </li></ul><ul><li>Students who… </li></ul><ul><li>…benefit from seeing relationships between information </li></ul><ul><li>…having visual representation to help clarify and organize information </li></ul>
  19. 20. Visual
  20. 21. Curricular Supports <ul><li>Web and digital tools that support flexibility for differentiation. </li></ul>
  21. 22. Curricular Supports
  22. 23. Assistive Technology Board Maker templates Text to speech tools Assistive technology matrix
  23. 24. Additional Tools
  24. 25. Professional Development Resources
  25. 26. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License. For more information, visit . Credit info: Donna Murray, Instructional Technology Specialist murraydo at Duffie, J (2008). Using Technology To Support Diverse Learners. Retrieved October 4, 2008, from WestEd Web site:
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