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Using Technology to Meet the Needs of All Learners


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Using Technology to Meet the Needs of All Learners

  1. 1. Using Technology to Meet the Needs of All Learners Patty McGinnis, NBCT Methacton School District [email_address]
  2. 2. Learners are DIVERSE! <ul><ul><li>Backgrounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language Proficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social and Emotional Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning Styles </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Visual Learner <ul><li>40% to 65% of the population </li></ul><ul><li>Absorbs information best by viewing graphs, pictures, and maps </li></ul><ul><li>Like information that is written out </li></ul><ul><li>Makes lists or takes notes </li></ul><ul><li>Can get distracted by things like messy rooms </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Approximately 30% to 40% of the population </li></ul><ul><li>Learn best through lectures, conversation, and the spoken word </li></ul><ul><li>Can get distracted by outside noises </li></ul><ul><li>Have a tendency to talk to themselves when learning </li></ul> The Auditory Learner
  5. 5. The Kinesthetic Learner <ul><li>5% to 25% of the population </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly young children </li></ul><ul><li>Prefer experiments, games, and other practical “hands-on” applications </li></ul><ul><li>Likes to move </li></ul><ul><li>Can get distracted by activity around them </li></ul>
  6. 7. Learners Differ by Ability <ul><li>Regular Education Students </li></ul><ul><li>Gifted and Talented Students </li></ul><ul><li>Special Education Students </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional Support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning Support </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Meeting Diverse Learner Needs Through Differentiated Instruction
  8. 9. Differentiation is… <ul><li>“ Tailoring instruction to individual needs by taking into account learner background, knowledge, preferences, strengths, and learning styles to challenge students in areas of need or weakness.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Carol Tomlinson </li></ul>
  9. 10. So Why Technology?
  10. 11. Technology Addresses Learning Styles
  11. 13. Technology Differentiates <ul><li>Successful with varying student experiences and abilities </li></ul><ul><li>It’s motivating, engaging, and fun </li></ul><ul><li>It prepare students for the real world </li></ul><ul><li>It appeals to a variety of learning styles </li></ul><ul><li>It can accommodate all types of learners </li></ul><ul><li>It’s diverse! Print, video, and audio products can be created </li></ul>
  12. 14. Technology Increases Depth of Learning
  13. 15. Technology Builds Advanced Cognitive Skills Source:
  14. 16. Technology Builds Higher Order Thinking Skills
  15. 17. Technology Helps Learners Retain Information
  16. 18. Technology Prepares 21 st Century Learners
  17. 19. Why is this Important? <ul><li>“ We are at a punctuation point in human history.”   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dan Tapscott </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Businesses must compete in a global market </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  18. 20. <ul><li>Question: </li></ul><ul><li>What skills are necessary for functioning in a global economy? </li></ul>
  19. 21. 21 st Century Skills <ul><li>Critical thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Problem solving </li></ul><ul><li>Creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul>
  20. 22. The Age of Networked Intelligence <ul><li> Don Tapscott, author of  Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything </li></ul><ul><li>“ Individual and collective knowledge structures, practices, and reasoning processes that allow the agent (individual or community) to function intelligently in its environments.” </li></ul>
  21. 23. Principles for the Age of Networked Intelligence <ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Openness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interdependence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrity </li></ul></ul>
  22. 24. 21 st Century Classrooms MUST Collaborate
  23. 25. Why is Collaboration Important? <ul><li>Collaboration enables individuals to work effectively with diverse teams </li></ul>
  24. 26. Diversity Increases Performance <ul><li>DIVERSITY among team members leads to better performance because of the range of viewpoints and experience of the different individuals </li></ul>
  25. 27. Why Collaboration Works Teams “tend to perform better when members exchange knowledge freely among themselves and outsiders.” (Hyashi, 2004)
  26. 28. <ul><li>“ If you have an apple and I have an apple and we exchange these apples then you and I will still each have one apple. But if you have an idea and I have an idea and we exchange these ideas , then each of us will have two ideas .” </li></ul><ul><li>George Bernard Shaw </li></ul>
  27. 29. How Collaboration Works <ul><li>“ But I don’t want to be on the bottom!” </li></ul><ul><li>Teams compromise to accomplish a common goal  </li></ul>
  28. 30. How Do We Get There?
  29. 31. Welcome to Web 2.0! <ul><li>Web 2.0…a place to </li></ul><ul><li>Share Information </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborate </li></ul><ul><li>Publish </li></ul>
  30. 32. The Web 2.0 = Collaboration
  31. 33. Students CREATE With Web 2.0
  32. 34. The Web 2.0 is Vast
  33. 35. Where Do We Start?
  34. 36. Tool # 1: Podcasts
  35. 37. Podcasting is EASY and FUN
  36. 38. What’s a Podcast? <ul><li>An audio program you can listen to </li></ul><ul><li>Like a homemade radio show </li></ul><ul><li>Created and posted to the Internet for listeners </li></ul><ul><li>Can be downloaded onto an MP3 player </li></ul><ul><li>Pretty simple, right? </li></ul>
  37. 39. Have a Computer? You Can Podcast! <ul><li>No special equipment needed </li></ul><ul><li>Most laptops have built in Microphones </li></ul><ul><li>MAC: use Garage Band </li></ul><ul><li>PC Users: Download Audacity—it’s free! </li></ul><ul><li>Can download podcasts to i- tunes, post to a wiki or school website </li></ul>
  38. 40. Ideas for Using Podcasts in the Classroom <ul><li>News items and commentary </li></ul><ul><li>Interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Debates </li></ul><ul><li>Tutorials </li></ul><ul><li>Public Service Announcements </li></ul>Sample Podcast
  39. 41. Create and Publish to the World <ul><li>Incredibly easy </li></ul><ul><li>World-wide audience </li></ul><ul><li>People can subscribe via RSS feeds </li></ul>Sample Podcast
  40. 42. Tool #2: Glogster
  41. 43. Glogs are… <ul><li>Interactive, Multimedia Posters </li></ul><ul><li>Content integrated with Video, Sound, Graphics </li></ul><ul><li>Allows for comments </li></ul><ul><li>FREE teacher account </li></ul><ul><li> is a Safe, private platform </li></ul><ul><li>Selected by American Association of School Librarians as a “Best Web Site for Teaching and Learning” </li></ul>
  42. 45. Tool #3: Wiki <ul><li>Wiki? </li></ul><ul><li>What’s a Wiki? </li></ul>
  43. 46. A Wiki is… <ul><li>“ Any website that allows the easy creation and editing of any number of interlinked web pages via a web browser using a simplified markup language or a WYSIWYG text editor” </li></ul><ul><li>Huh? </li></ul>
  44. 47. Wikis Made Simple <ul><li>A website you, or anyone you allow, can change </li></ul><ul><li>You don’t need to know HTML </li></ul><ul><li>WYSIWYG Editor: What you see is what you get! </li></ul><ul><li>If you can create a Word document, you can Wiki! </li></ul>
  45. 48. Video: Wikis Made Simple
  46. 49. Educational Wikis <ul><li>PB Works </li></ul><ul><li>Wiki Spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Both are free for educators </li></ul><ul><li>Both generate student accounts without emails </li></ul>
  47. 50.
  48. 51.
  49. 52. Two Buttons: Edit and Save
  50. 53. What Can Students Do With a Wiki? <ul><li>CREATE! </li></ul><ul><li>PUBLISH! </li></ul><ul><li>ALL Students Have a Voice </li></ul>
  51. 54. Create Projects <ul><li>Build collaborative pages, start discussions and encourage comments. </li></ul>Sample Student Wiki Page
  52. 55. Create e-portfolios <ul><li>Student Wiki Page </li></ul><ul><li>Homework </li></ul><ul><li>Individual and Collaborative Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Discussions on relevant topics </li></ul><ul><li>Can share work with others </li></ul>
  53. 56. Collaborate! <ul><li>Share and interact with other classrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Locally (between classes within school) </li></ul><ul><li>Regionally (school district) </li></ul><ul><li>Globally (the world!) </li></ul>
  54. 57. Collaboration <ul><li>Breaks down barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Builds understanding across cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Is vital for success in the 21 st century </li></ul>
  55. 58. Conservation Across Boundaries
  56. 59. Hinsdale, Montana
  57. 60. Eagleville, Pennsylvania
  58. 61. Misconceptions <ul><li>Montana students thought students from Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ate a lot of meat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Were all wealthy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Were fat </li></ul></ul>
  59. 62. Misconceptions <ul><li>Pennsylvania students thought students from Montana </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Were not as smart as they were </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rode horses most of the time, including to school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lived much like what was depicted in the “old west” </li></ul></ul>
  60. 63. Comparing Montana and Pennsylvania Ecosystems <ul><li>Started by predicting what students from partner school were like </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote snail-mail letters introducing themselves to partner school </li></ul><ul><li>Students created and exchanged Power Points about the area and leaf and forbs collections </li></ul><ul><li>Taught partner school about local ecosystem (Tall Grass Prairie and Deciduous Forest) </li></ul><ul><li>Culminated in a video conference in the spring </li></ul>
  61. 64. Outcomes <ul><li>Students learned about their local ecosystem as well as another ecosystem </li></ul><ul><li>Took pride in creating projects for their partner school </li></ul><ul><li>Stereotypes were eliminated </li></ul><ul><li>Had fun </li></ul>
  62. 65. My “Aha’s” <ul><li>If Wal-Mart is 200 miles away, you better make sure you have all the supplies you need before you plan a lab activity </li></ul><ul><li>Not everyone has access to high speed Internet </li></ul><ul><li>In a small school you might teach 6 subjects, coach numerous sports, be part-time librarian, and have students working on AP Biology via independent study </li></ul><ul><li>If you’re the only science teacher in the building you have the same students for 6 years </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You get to know parents really well </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You build a relationship with students over several years </li></ul></ul>
  63. 66. 2010-11: Our Footprint
  64. 67. Siemen’s STEM Institute
  65. 68. Honolulu, Hawaii <ul><li>Liz Castillo </li></ul><ul><li>Kamehameha Middle School </li></ul><ul><li>7 th Grade Life Science </li></ul>
  66. 69. Battle Creek, Michigan <ul><li>Mary Lindow </li></ul><ul><li>Mathematics & Science Center </li></ul><ul><li>11 th & 12 th Grade Biology and Environmental Science </li></ul>
  67. 70. Eagleville, Pennsylvania <ul><li>Patty McGinnis </li></ul><ul><li>Arcola Intermediate School </li></ul><ul><li>7 th Grade Life Science and Gifted Support </li></ul>
  68. 71. The Problem Question <ul><li>What is unique about the environment you live in? </li></ul><ul><li>What impact do human’s have on this environment? </li></ul><ul><li>What actions can be taken to positively impact the environment? </li></ul>
  69. 72. Communicating and Collaborating Through Technology <ul><li>Wikispaces </li></ul><ul><li>Glogster </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasts </li></ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures </li></ul>
  70. 73. Sharing - Feedback
  71. 74. Reflection <ul><li>What are the similarities and differences between different environments? </li></ul><ul><li>Why should we care about environmental problems outside of our neighborhood? </li></ul><ul><li>How can we work to solve environmental problems? </li></ul><ul><li>How did working with others increase our understanding of local and global environments? </li></ul>
  72. 75. How to Start <ul><li>Start Small </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have students collaborate within a class or between classes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ready to Branch Out? </li></ul><ul><li>Finding Potential Partners </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  73. 76. iEARN: Learn With the World <ul><li> </li></ul>125 Countries 30 Languages 26,000 Educators 2 Million Youth
  74. 77. “ My Identity, Your Identity” iEARN Project
  75. 78. Current iEARN Projects
  76. 79. E Pals
  77. 80. E Pals <ul><li>Classrooms in 200 countries and territories </li></ul><ul><li>Connect learners locally, nationally or internationally </li></ul><ul><li>Provide safe and protected email between students </li></ul><ul><li>License required (cost ?) </li></ul>
  78. 81. Flat Classroom Project <ul><li>Students from other countries work in teams to create videos about social issues </li></ul><ul><li>$50 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  79. 82. Flat Classroom Project: ERACISM
  80. 83. Taking it Global <ul><li>For youth interested in global change </li></ul><ul><li>Connects students to global issues such as the environment, world hunger, climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Geared to middle and high school students </li></ul><ul><li>Free to educators </li></ul>
  81. 84. Drawbacks <ul><li>Lack of computers </li></ul><ul><li>Not every child has access to high speed Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Technical issues </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of clear expectations for students: Provide Scaffolding </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of quality Professional Development </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Safety Issues </li></ul>
  82. 85. Professional Learning Networks <ul><li>Build your PLN through social networks like Twitter and Edmodo </li></ul><ul><li>Share ideas, collaborate </li></ul><ul><li>Social Networks for Teachers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  83. 86. Technology + Students = Learning <ul><li>Is engaging </li></ul><ul><li>Technology addresses all learning styles; visual, auditory, and kinesthetic </li></ul><ul><li>Can be differentiated for all levels of students </li></ul><ul><li>Builds 21 st Century Skills like Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Prepares students to work in a Global Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Break down barriers between cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used effectively with a few simple Web 2.0 tools </li></ul>
  84. 87. Need Ideas??? <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  85. 88. It’s Never too Early to Start &quot;Alone we can do so little; together we can do so much.&quot; - Helen Keller
  86. 89. Questions?
  87. 90.