At seminar hallmark casey

478 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
478
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Enhancing Writing Skills Using Assistive Technology
  • Here are some facts about writing and students with disabilities:30% to 60% of school time is devoted to writing assignments.Students with disabilities perform more poorly than their non-disabled peers on nearly every area of writing including text length, quality and organization, and mechanical and grammatical errors. Improvement in writing skills offer students with disabilities more successful academic inclusion, transfer of improved literacy skills, and greater pass rates on high stakes academic testing.
  • It is important to consider alternative to traditional paper, pencil approach to writing.Assistive Technology
  • When developing assistive technology for a student, it is important to follow the low tech to high tech continuum to determine appropriate devices/strategies for a particular student.
  • Starting at the beginning of the A T continuum, you would begin with providing picture supports for the student to utilize when completing writing assignments. This would allow the student to develop ideas and meaning from the picture to use in the writing task.Pictures With Words- Students identify words using the picture tag instead of searching for the correct word. Forstudents that have difficulty determining the correct word to use, you could pair pictures with words. This will allow the student to use the picture label when identify the words that they are looking for.
  • Word Wall/Word Bank- Provide examples ofwords that students might need to use duringan activity. Although often used in elementary classrooms, Word Walls or Word banks are good tools for helping students determine words to use when completing specific writing assignments. This will provide students with examples of words that they can use when completing activities. Word Templates and Guides- are a tool that allows for students to fill in words or phrases to complete sentences. This will allow the student to focus on a specific aspect of writing instead of the complete writing task.
  • Portable Talking Dictionaries/Spell Checkare tools that can help a poor speller select appropriate words and correct spelling errors when completing writing task. These handheld devices would build independence in students and allow them to gain accuracy in their writing.Word Processing Software- Allows for the student to easily access, develop, record, edit, publish, and share writing with others.Not only does word processing software allow for the student to easily record, edit, and publish their writing, it also provides additional supports such as grammar and spelling checks as well as formatting and organization tools.
  • Word Prediction Software- Reduces the time, effort, and frustration with spelling difficulties by providing a listing of possible words to use in a writing piece. Once the students write the beginning sounds to words, a list is populated of possible words that the student is trying to write. This will allow for the student to put less effort into spelling the word correctly.
  • Digital Templates- are Interactive prompted writing guides that assist writers through the correct writing process. Digital Templates allow for the student to be guided through each stage in the writing process. Many of the templates can be modified for any subject or assignment. Abbreviation Expansion- Create abbreviated forms for frequently used words or phrases for slower writer and poor spellers. Word or phrases that the student consistently has difficulty with can be added to their listing and the student can easily add words to their writing piece through simple abbreviations.
  • Word Processing with Digital Supports- Students can be provided with digital support features to access with their digital writing. Digital supports allow writers to be more independent when writing. Students can be provided with many of the supports that they need when writing in digital format. This can include:Highlighters- decrease copying timeGraphic Organizers- chunk informationText-to-Speech- Hearing words as they are writtenWord PredictionAbbreviation ExpansionDictionaryThesaurusGrammar Check
  • Talking Word Processor- Provides verbal feedback to the student while they write. A talking word processor will also build a level of independence with a student with a written expression disability. Students can be provided with feedback at any level of the writing process and the document can be read back to them to hear errors and mistakes. Multimedia Software for Alternative Expression of Ideas- Providing access to multimedia Software that matches the students motivation and ability.Written Expression does not always mean composing a written document. Students can use differing sources of multimedia software to express their ideas, opinions, and understanding.
  • Speech-To-Text Software- Voice Recognition Software will provide the student with a voice to produce written pieces. Speech-to-Text Software is improving in its ease of use, accuracy and training time. Using the software will allow for a student to have a voice when writing and composing writing pieces.
  • At seminar hallmark casey

    1. 1. Amanda B. Casey<br />Enhancing Writing Skills Using Assistive Technology<br />
    2. 2. Writing<br /> 30% -60% of school time is devoted to writing assignments (Hetzroni & Shrieber, 2004)<br />Students with disabilities perform more poorly <br />than their non-disabled peers on nearly every <br />area of writing including text length, quality <br />and organization, and mechanical and grammatical errors. <br />(Collings, Englert, Wolbers, & Zhao, 2007)<br /> Improvement in writing skills offer students with disabilities more successful academic inclusion, transfer of improved literacy skills, and greater pass rates on high stakes academic testing.<br />(Hetzroni & Shrieber, 2004)<br />
    3. 3. It is important to consider alternative to traditional paper, pencil approach to writing.<br />Assistive Technology<br />
    4. 4. Assistive Technology<br />Assistive Technology is any tool or device that makes a task easier. <br />Writing Assistive technology we all use:<br />Highlighters<br />Editing Devices<br />Post-It Notes<br />
    5. 5. Assistive Technology<br />When developing assistive technology for a student, it is important to follow the low tech to high tech continuum to determine appropriate devices/strategies for a particular student. <br />
    6. 6. Low Tech Tools<br />Picture Supports- Implement a visual support <br />for the student to use when completing<br /> a writing activity<br />Pictures With Words- Students identify <br />words using the picture tag instead of <br />searching for the correct word<br />Boardmaker, Pix Writer, <br />Writing with Symbols<br />What happened today?<br />http://www.wati.org/<br />
    7. 7. Low Tech Tools<br />Word Wall/Word Bank- Provide examples of<br /> words that students might need to use during <br />an activity.<br />Word Templates and Guides- Allow students to fill in words or phrases to complete sentences. <br />http://www.wati.org/<br />
    8. 8. Low Tech Tools<br />Portable Talking Dictionaries/Spell Check- Tools that can help a poor speller select appropriate words and correct spelling errors when complete writing task.<br />www.dictonary.com , www.visuwords.com<br />Word Processing Software- Allows for the student to easily access, develop, record, edits, publish, and share writing with others.<br />http://www.wati.org/<br />
    9. 9. High Tech Tools<br />Word Prediction Software- Reduces the time, effort, and frustration with spelling difficulties by providing a listing of possible words to use in a writing piece. <br /> Co- Writer Read and Write Gold<br />http://www.wati.org/<br />
    10. 10. High Tech Tools<br />Digital Templates- Interactive prompted <br />writing guides that assist writers through<br />the correct writing process.<br />Draft: Builder<br />Abbreviation Expansion- Create abbreviated forms for frequently used words or phrases for slower writer and poor spellers.<br />Co-Writer<br />http://www.wati.org/<br />
    11. 11. High Tech Tools<br />Word Processing with Digital Supports- Students can be provided with digital support features to access with their digital writing. <br />Highlighters- decrease copying time<br />Graphic Organizers- chunk information<br />Text-to-Speech- Hearing words as they are written<br />Word Prediction<br />Abbreviation Expansion<br />Dictionary<br />Thesaurus<br />Grammar Check<br />http://www.wati.org/<br />
    12. 12. High Tech Tools<br />Talking Word Processor- Provides verbal <br />feedback to the student while they write.<br />Write Out Loud, Word Q, <br />Read and Write Gold<br />Multimedia Software for Alternative Expression of Ideas- Providing access to multimedia <br />Software that matches the students <br />motivation and ability<br />PowerPoint, SMART Notebook, <br />Videos, Inspiration, <br />Comic Book Creator<br />http://www.wati.org/<br />
    13. 13. High Tech Tools<br />Speech-To-Text Software- Voice Recognition Software will provide the student with a voice to produce written pieces.<br />Word Q, ,Dragon Speak <br /> Read and Write Gold,<br /> Speak Q<br />http://www.wati.org/<br />
    14. 14. References<br />Collings. N., Englert, C., K., & ZhaoY. (2007). "Scaffolding the Writing of Students with Disabilities through Procedural Facilitation: Using an Internet-Based Technology to Improve Performance." Learning Disability Quarterly30, 9-29. <br />Hetzroni, O., & Shrieber, B. (2004). Word Processing as an Assistive Technology Tool for Enhancing Academic Outcomes of Students with Writing Disabilities in the General Classroom. Journal of Learning Disabilities. 37(2), 143-154.<br />Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction. WATI.org : Wisconsin Assistive Technology Initiative. retrieved from: http://www.wati.org/?pageLoad=content/supports/free/index.php.<br />

    ×