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Integration of ICT in Teaching and Learning

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ICT literacy basically involves using digital technology, communication tools and/or access, manage, integrate, evaluate and create information in order to function in a knowledge society.

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Integration of ICT in Teaching and Learning

  1. 1. Integration of ICT in teaching - learning Presented by Dr. B. Victor., Ph. D Email : bonfiliusvictor@gmail.com Blog: bonvictor.blogspot.com
  2. 2. Presentation outline  Definition of ICT  Characteristics of ICT  Benefits of ICT  ICT Tools and Digital Techniques  Computer Technology  Web based learning  Digital Library  End Note
  3. 3. Definition of ICT  ICT is a generic term referring to technologies, which are being used for collecting, storing, editing and passing on information in various forms (SER,1997)
  4. 4. Information and Communication technology
  5. 5. ICT literacy  ICT literacy basically involves using digital technology, communication tools and/or access, manage, integrate, evaluate and create information in order to function in a knowledge society.
  6. 6. How to use Information technology effectively ? Learners use computer-based services to search and find relevant information. Learners retrieve relevant information. Learners decode information in variety of forms( written, statistical and graphic). Learners critically evaluate information of different fields of knowledge.
  7. 7. Information Technology –Cont’d Learners can use computer based services to write, analyze, present and communicate information. Learners can use information technologies to create networks of co- learners and to share, collaborate and construct knowledge.
  8. 8. ICT-characteristics
  9. 9. Importance of ICT  As a source of Knowledge  As a medium to transit Knowledge  As a means of interaction / dialogue
  10. 10. Attributes of Computer based technology Multi-sensory delivery: Text, graphics, animation, sound and video. Active learning: enhanced learner interest. Co-operative learning: positive group/social interaction. Communication Skills: one-to-one, one-to- many, many-to-many. Multicultural education: link students from across the country/around the world. Motivation: greater learner engagement (time).
  11. 11. “ Any technology which increase the rate of learning would enable the teacher to teach less and the learner to learn more”
  12. 12. Learning resources
  13. 13. ICT tools  Multimedia PC, Laptop, Notebook.  CDs& DVDs, digital video, still camera.  Internet and its tools- e-mail ,browsers, website, search engines, chat etc.  Computer aided instruction& computer mediated video/audio conferencing.  Digital libraries , e-books& electronic publications.  Microsoft publishing -news letter, poster, brochure.
  14. 14. Digital techniques  Word processing -documents, notes, projects, assignments  Spread sheet programming -records, exam scores  Data bases -information storage  Graphing software -to prepare teaching- learning resources  Developing Multimedia kits -to make process interesting  Using internet and e-mail facilities -to gain knowledge  Games and simulations -to improve quality of learning
  15. 15. Advantages of ICT Sharing digital resources,  wide variety of services,  Flexibility,  Reliability,  faster speed,  cheaper cost. 
  16. 16. Influence of ICT in student learning  ICT helps to provide interactive learning experiences.  ICT stimulates and motivates students to learn.  ICT provides comfortable learning .  ICT aids in the understanding of difficult concepts and processes.  ICT caters to different learning styles.  ICT helps students to gain valuable computer skills.  ICT aids in collaboration and group work.
  17. 17. Unique features of ICT ICT facilitate collaboration and communication. ICT aid in the visualization of difficult concepts. ICT promote creativity. ICT enable multiplier effect of documents. ICT provide flexibility and variety in learning. ICT provide a multimedia effect.
  18. 18. Computers  Computers are cognitive tools;  Computers are performance support systems (PSSs).  Computers offer multi-media ways for obtaining large amounts of information from web sites.
  19. 19. Power point presentation PPT presentations can be incorporated with a variety of different kinds of multi-media aspects: images, video, audio and animations. PPT is neat and clean and it allows for portability of materials. PPT is easy for professors to update, saving them time and energy.
  20. 20. Computers :multimedia applications  Scanning media.  Talking to experts.  Recording information.  Writing/ producing compositions.  Engaging research.
  21. 21.  Students who use multimedia tools are active learners.  Students reflect these kind of tasks throughout their life.  Students work collaboratively, not only with each other, but with researchers and teachers.
  22. 22. Hyper media tools  It consists of a database of information structured as nodes or frames.  The links between the nodes allow rapid movement through the information and a user interface.
  23. 23. Benefits of hyper media tools Hypermedia helps in exploring a large database of information. Hypermedia helps in accessing elaborations on core information. Hypermedia promote a ‘rich’ learning.
  24. 24. Interactive video  The interactive video refers broadly to software that responds to certain choices and commands by the user.  A typical system consists of a combination of a compact disk, computer and video technology.
  25. 25. The interactive video  Videodisc systems store video pictures, still pictures, and sound on discs that users can control with a videodisc player.  These systems can provide the interactive capabilities of computers and the motion-picture capabilities of videos.
  26. 26.  Video Conferencing is a method of performing interactive video communications over a regular high speed internet connection.  Since it was introduced, communication technologies have improved exponentially.
  27. 27. Computer simulation A computer simulation attempts to reproduce real-life situations Simulations feature a combination of text and graphics ,using dialogue and inquiry to guide the student through a situation. Simulations also can bring about higher-order synthesis and analysis skills.
  28. 28. Computer-assisted tutorials Tutorials are one of the most common types of computer-assisted instruction. Tutorials are “page-turners” similar to textbooks. The one-to-one tutoring and feedback provided by a tutorial can make it an excellent tool for improving student knowledge
  29. 29. Drill-and-practice programs Drill-and-practice programs work well in increasing student knowledge through repetition, usually through cues Students can repeat sections, helping individualized instruction Drill-and-practice programs provide automatic feedback to learners.
  30. 30. Web based learning The learner searches website, collects information and learns the lesson. Web is a viable tool to help students gain education without being on campus. It allows greater autonomy of learning.
  31. 31. The World Wide Web  The World Wide Web potentially provides great flexibility in the distribution of learning resources in interesting fashion.  Resources such as lecture notes, readings, tutorials and assignments can be received by students both on and off campus.
  32. 32. Internet and education the Internet consists of a large number computers linked by national and international tele-communication networks. Each Internet site contains information (text, images, audio, video, links etc.) which are accessible to the individual working from their home computer.
  33. 33. Properties of internet sites  Internet sites are increasing in number, sophistication and content.  Internet provides information in text, graphics, audio and video.  Internet allows a greater degree of interactivity through real time audiovisual transfers and chat.  Colored and animated graphics are of much greater educational value.
  34. 34. Online tasks
  35. 35. Digital library A digital library is a collection of textual, numeric, graphic, audio and video data stored in digital form, indexed and logically linked for ease of retrieval.
  36. 36. Components of digital library  Textual data  Numeric data  Graphics data  Photographs  Audio data  Video data
  37. 37. Unique features of digital library  Safe storage and multiple access of material  Ability to store variety of data  Access information from anywhere in the world  Ease of search and retrieval
  38. 38. Different e-learning experiences  On - line students group: allowing students to interact with each other  On - line lecturing: allowing faculty to interact with students  On - line counseling: helps students in decision- making  On - line libraries and resource center: providing text, documents, articles for reference.
  39. 39. Points for review ( courtesy : UNESCO)
  40. 40. Students should be familiar with basic concepts of ICT.
  41. 41. Students should feel confident about using computers.
  42. 42. Students should be able to use graphics appropriately.
  43. 43. Students should be familiar with using computers to communicate.
  44. 44. Students should be aware of how ICT changes job.
  45. 45. Students can build and use robots to perform experiments.
  46. 46. Students should be able to use computers in art.
  47. 47. Students should be able to use computers in dance and music.
  48. 48. Students should be able to use computers for modeling and simulation.
  49. 49. Students should be able to use a simple statistical package.
  50. 50. Students should be able to use suitable graphics tools.
  51. 51. Students should be able to create and play music using hardware and software.
  52. 52.  Dr.B.Victor is a highly experienced postgraduate biology teacher, recently retired from the reputed educational institution- St. Xavier’ s College(autonomous), Palayamkottai, India-627001.  He was the dean of sciences and assistant controller of examinations.  He has more than 32 years of teaching and research experience  He has taught a diversity of courses ranging from pre- university to post graduate classes.  Send your comments to : bonfiliusvictor@gmail.com
  53. 53. Presentation is over Thank you

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