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Saponin glycosides
 

Saponin glycosides

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    Saponin glycosides Saponin glycosides Presentation Transcript

    • Saponin Glycosides
      • Parts of plants containing saponins are used as detergents.
      • For example;
      • Root of Saponaria officinalis
      • Types:
      • Aglycone may be of two types;
      • Steroidal
      • Tri terpenoidal
    • a) Glycyrrhiza
      • Botanical origin:
      • Glycyrrhiza glabra
      • Family:
      • leguinosae
      • Part used:
      • Dried rhizome and root
      • Collection:
      • Root and rhizome is excised from 3-4 years old plant i.e. which have not yet grown fruit. It is done to ensure maximum sweetness. These are dried in shade for 3-4 months.
    • Chemistry: Glycyrrhiza contains Glycyrrhizic acid. Upon hydrolysis, it produces; Glycyrrhizic acid 2 molecules of glucuronic acid In addition to this, it contains; Flavonoid glycosides Mannitol Glucose 20% starch Uses: Flavoring agent in Pharmaceutical preparation. Demulcent and expectorant. Treatment of peptic ulcer. Treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis and Inflammatory conditions Sweetener Treatment of liver diseases and liver protection
    • b) Sarsaparilla
      • Botanical Origin:
      • Smilax febrifuga
      • Smilax regelii
      • Family:
      • Liliaceae
      • Part used:
      • Dried root
      • Collection:
      • Root collected from 2-3 year old plant and sun dried.
      • Chemistry:
      • Active ingredient is Sarsaponin
      • Upon hydrolysis, it produces;
      • Sarsapogenin
      • 3 D-glucose
      • 1 L-rhamnose
      Uses: Flavoring agent Used in skin diseases Used in rheumatism
    • Cyanophore Glycosides Upon hydrolysis these glycosides produce “Hydrocyanic acid” i.e. HCN
    • Wild cherry
      • Botanical origin:
      • Prunus serotina
      • Family:
      • Rosaceae
      • Part used:
      • Dried bark
      • Collection:
      • Bark is collected in autumn and sun dried. Drug is almost odorless when dried but attains strong odor of benzaldehyde after moisturizing.
    • Chemistry: Active principle is Prunasin. It is formed from partial hydrolysis of amygdalin. In addition to this, it contains; Tannins Volatile oil Benzoic acid Uses: Astringent Sedative Flavoring agent Anti-tussive