Livestock fattening value chain development: Interventions and lessons
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Livestock fattening value chain development: Interventions and lessons

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Poster for the ‘Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop,’ Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011

Poster for the ‘Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop,’ Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011

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Livestock fattening value chain development: Interventions and lessons Livestock fattening value chain development: Interventions and lessons Document Transcript

  • Actors, service providers and linkagesLivestock Fattening value chain developmentInterventions and lessonsValue chain interventionsKnowledge management/skill developmentLinking farmers/pastoralists with traderson livestock fairOrganising farmers to ensure quality concentrate supplyLessons and ChallengesKnowledge sharing, training, follow up of interventions, and partner linkages contribute to improving the• skills and knowledge of value chain actors and service providers, including womenForage development benefited animal producers on individual farms and on communal areas• Development of forage seeds and vegetative planting material production/distribution from individual• farms and FTCs was one of the drivers for such changesSynergy between NRM and fodder development should be stressed for both animal production and• apiculture in areas where the potential existsIncreased use of crop residues has positive effects on animal production, however technologies to• improve nutritional value and uptake (chopping, straw treatment) have not yet seen wide spread adoptionCredit-based purchase of larger numbers of animals and other inputs was successfully tested. As a result,• several fatteners moved from small to large ruminant fattening and/or other commercial enterprisesCommunity based insurance may reduce the risks associated with credit• Community animal health workers can function in rural areas but require institutional back up from• regional and federal level authoritiesLinkages between feed companies, fattening groups, and private traders are emerging and should be• further developed into agro dealership networksOrganized and systematic integration of breeding and fattening with desirable genetic traits should be• emphasized in the future to ensure improved supply of animalsMatching the appropriate genetics of animals with the environment should be explored in certain areas• for further development of market-oriented meat production systemsRapid market assessment can help identify potential market outlets• Additional ICT-supported information /knowledge via EthiopianAgriculture Portal (EAP) www.eap.gov.etUse local markets as linkage platformsbetween traders and fattenersUse of indigenous breeds for fatteningTraining farmers in chopping, UMB preparation and urea treatmentTargeting women and farmers withentrepreneurial skills willing toinvestUse of competition to promote fattening and marketing activity for smallruminantsPromoting the use of adequateforageUrea molasses block locally producedfor supplemental feedExisting rural shops : suppliers of supplemental feed and veterinary drugsFattenersMoA, BoA, OoA, EARSPrivate SectorCooperativesSpecialized farmersConsultantsNGOsStudentsMicrofinance institutionsCooperativesPrivate industryShopsFeed suppliersPrivate industryCooperativesTradersCooperative shopsShopsVeterinary ClinicsGovernmentNGOsMarketingCreditInput supplyservicesKnowledge/SkillsBetter use of concentrates for fatteningChopping and urea treatment ofsorghum stoverBetter animal care for better resultsTraining of paravetsOrganising awards for bestpractitioners Woreda knowledge centers :powerful institutions Farmers and traders recognized the international and domestic• market potential for live animalsInadequate knowledge and skills on commercial production of• live animals among value chain actors and service providersMen were predominantly engaged in large animal production and• sale. Women mostly participate in managing and sale of smallruminantsPrevious development efforts focused on promotion of small• numbers of animals to improve food security/livelihood offarmers, with little market-orientationDry season fodder scarcity (including crop residues) and limited• availability of concentrate feed was prevalentAnimal health services were poorly developed, especially in rural• areasMarketing of animals was hampered by lack of market• information and monopolistic market structures in which farmerswere often price takersFree grazing system resulted in compacting of the soil leading to• increased soil and water erosionInitial diagnosis Knowledgemanagement CapacitydevelopmentTargetingThis document is licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.Produced by ILRI KMIS June 2011Input supply interventionsProduction interventionsProcessing / Marketing interventions