Small Ruminant Value Chain Developmentin Ethiopia: Initial problem analysis andrelated interventionsBarbara RischkowskyImp...
Initial results Emerging from the rapid value chainanalyses carreid out December 2012 –February 2013 See: http://livest...
Constraints in Input supplies Inadequate veterinary services: 1) transport, 2) facilities &equipment, 3) drug supplies, 4...
Constraints in production High prevalence of disease (CCPP, PPR, Goat Pox, Coenurosis,Trypanosomiasis) and parasites (tic...
Constraints in production High prevalence of disease (CCPP, PPR, Goat Pox, Coenurosis,Trypanosomiasis) and parasites (tic...
Constraints in marketing Lack of livestock market information Lack of vertical linkage of goat producers to the other ma...
Constraints in processing Low quality of animals supplied to the local and export market Low carcass percentage Red off...
High meat pricePoor quality meatConstraints in consumption
THE CORE PROBLEMTHECAUSESInsufficient feedresources (climateand land availability)PoorlydevelopedmarketsLack of effectivea...
Suggested interventions related to inputsVet services• Allocating more funds for procurement of vet equipment/reopeningof ...
Suggested interventions related to inputsFeed supplies Encourage suppliers of small scale feed suppliers (e.g.by-products...
Suggested interventions related to production• Need based training of extension agents and producers in goat and sheepprod...
Suggested interventions related to marketing Institutionalizing data collection and transmission from livestock markets i...
Suggested interventions related to processing Improve nutrition and health of animals Training producers in feeding to c...
CGIAR is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food secure future. The CGIARResearch Pr...
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Small Ruminant Value Chain Development in Ethiopia: Initial problem analysis and related interventions

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Presented by Barbara Rischkowsky (ICARDA) at the 'impact pathways for Ethiopian small ruminant value chains workshop', Addis Ababa, 23 April 2013

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Small Ruminant Value Chain Development in Ethiopia: Initial problem analysis and related interventions

  1. 1. Small Ruminant Value Chain Developmentin Ethiopia: Initial problem analysis andrelated interventionsBarbara RischkowskyImpact pathways for Ethiopian small ruminant value chainsworkshopAddis Ababa, 23rd April 2013
  2. 2. Initial results Emerging from the rapid value chainanalyses carreid out December 2012 –February 2013 See: http://livestockfish.cgiar.org/2013/04/09/ethiopia-best-bets/
  3. 3. Constraints in Input supplies Inadequate veterinary services: 1) transport, 2) facilities &equipment, 3) drug supplies, 4) budget/procurement process, 5)staff Shortage of effective vaccines: 1) quantity, 2) wrong strains, 3) cold chain Private sellers of drugs not reliable (regulations not enforced) Shortage of private vet services and drug shops in the woreda Lack of flexibility in the credit system (inconvenience of havinggroup collateral, insufficient amount of credit; High interest rate;only DESCI, no local saving and credit association) Shortage of male breeding animals: 1) early sales, 2) no selection,3) inbreeding Shortage of (planting material and) forage seeds Lack of feed supply
  4. 4. Constraints in production High prevalence of disease (CCPP, PPR, Goat Pox, Coenurosis,Trypanosomiasis) and parasites (ticks, lice, mange mites,Haemonchus, etc.) Feed shortage (droughts, seasonality, quality,supplementation) – site specific Lack of awareness on improved goat production (traditionalfeeding) and management practices and marketing Low performance of local breed/Unimproved breeding andreproduction Poor housing
  5. 5. Constraints in production High prevalence of disease (CCPP, PPR, Goat Pox, Coenurosis,Trypanosomiasis) and parasites (ticks, lice, mange mites,Haemonchus, etc.) Feed shortage (droughts, seasonality, quality,supplementation) – site specific Lack of awareness on improved goat production (traditionalfeeding) and management practices and marketing Low performance of local breed/Unimproved breeding andreproduction Poor housing
  6. 6. Constraints in marketing Lack of livestock market information Lack of vertical linkage of goat producers to the other market actors Weak horizontal linkage among goat producers No market infrastructure and transparent prices; poorly constructedmarketing yards, lack of facilities (vet, water, feeding, loading, etc) Long distance between production areas and livestock markets Seasonality of (inconsistent) supply and demand Lack of market regulations encouraging unlicensed traders and brokers Double taxation when crossing regional borders Transportation problem (adequate trucks, trekking) Flow of animals to informal cross border trade limiting no ofanimalscoming to the formal market Frequent clan conflict on feed and water that destabilize the market Lack of working capital for traders
  7. 7. Constraints in processing Low quality of animals supplied to the local and export market Low carcass percentage Red offals are often condemned due to disease and parasites Poor slaughtering skills that spoils the quality of meat and skin Back yard slaughtering of animals (threat for public health) Marketing of pregnant ewes Low level of food preparation skills in the hotels and restaurants ofthe area No facility to process by-products from sheep/goat slaughtering Short shelf life of milk due to poor handling and management, lackof milk containers and equipment
  8. 8. High meat pricePoor quality meatConstraints in consumption
  9. 9. THE CORE PROBLEMTHECAUSESInsufficient feedresources (climateand land availability)PoorlydevelopedmarketsLack of effectiveagric. policiesand institutionsShortage offeedLack of researchand technologytransferWHOLE VALUE CHAININPUTS & SERVICES PRODUCTION MARKETINGPROCESSING CONSUMPTIONHigh livestockmortalityHigh market pricesLow income of VC actors Food insecurityMalnutrition Hidden hungerPovertyTHE IMPACT MigrationDegradationof resourcebaseLack of properSR managementPoor performance of sheep and goat value chainsASF quality and safetyInadequateinput suppliesWeak linkages betweenproducers and marketsDiseasepressureProblem tree
  10. 10. Suggested interventions related to inputsVet services• Allocating more funds for procurement of vet equipment/reopeningof health posts• Provision of transportation facilities for animal health workers• Revolving funds for procuring drugs• Recruit CAHWs and develop business models• Refresher courses for CAHWsa and vet technicians• Rules and regulations on vet drug import and distributionCredits• Discuss with Credit and Saving Institutions on issues related toflexibility, (group collateral , loan size and interest rate)• Strengthen credit and saving associations in terms of finance andmanagement
  11. 11. Suggested interventions related to inputsFeed supplies Encourage suppliers of small scale feed suppliers (e.g.by-products, concentrate feeds) Formation of feed producer cooperatives Timely delivery of forage seeds Improved forage seed production
  12. 12. Suggested interventions related to production• Need based training of extension agents and producers in goat and sheepproduction and management with special focus on feeding using thelocally available feed resources• Expansion of health posts and training of vet technicians• Training extension agents, CAHWs and farmers in goat disease preventionand control• Awareness raising of pastoralists/producers for health care• Provision of regular vaccination and treatment• Monitor efficacy of anthelmintic drugs• Epidemiological studies on prevalent diseases• Genetic improvement program (controlled mating, fertility managementand selection)
  13. 13. Suggested interventions related to marketing Institutionalizing data collection and transmission from livestock markets inthe woreda Linking the woreda with national livestock market information system anddevelop delivery system Strengthening/Establishing producer marketing cooperatives Capacity building in terms of management capacity and market linkages andfinance Multi stakeholders platform to discuss major marketing problems, findcommon solutions and create market linkage between producers and otheractors Organizational capacity building Facilitate experience sharing through tours/visits for improved marketlinkages Encourage and support meat processing and export to create non seasonaldemand encouraging producers to supply animals regardless of seasons Training of farmers and extension on fattening Market regulations
  14. 14. Suggested interventions related to processing Improve nutrition and health of animals Training producers in feeding to condition animals for marketing Support livestock marketing cooperatives to enter into goatfattening/conditioning business Banning backyard slaughter of any animal Organizing the unemployed youth in groups and train them inslaughtering techniques, linking them to municipal abattoirs Supporting the town administrations so that they will createawareness of hotels and restaurants in using qualified chefs Training in milk handling and quality assurance -
  15. 15. CGIAR is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food secure future. The CGIARResearch Program on Livestock and Fish aims to increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systemsin sustainable ways, making meat, milk and fish more available and affordable across the developing world.CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fishlivestockfish.cgiar.org

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