Progressive Movement
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    Progressive Movement Progressive Movement Presentation Transcript

    • The Progressive Movement AP U.S. History
    • Theodore Roosevelt and reforms
      • Restored presidency as a republican progressive reformer.
        • 1902
      • Created a bipartisan coalition of liberal reformers whose objective was to restrain corporate monopoly and promote economic competition.
        • Promise of a “square deal”
      • Enforcement of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act
      • Many states created honest and efficient political and economic regulations.
    • Changes in Government
      • Primary elections
      • Initiative and referendum
      • Rooting out political bosses
      • Elected officials for state and local governments
      • Robert LaFollette, Charles Evans Hughes, Woodrow Wilson.
        • Significant state reformers
    • 1904 Election
      • Roosevelt promised to reform corporate flaws but not interfere with monetary policy or tariffs.
      • Democrats nominated Alton B. Parker
        • Endorsed trust busting and more regulatory agencies
      • Hepburn Act and Elkins Act (1906)
        • Gave “teeth” to the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887
        • Extended power over more industries
      • Pure Food and Drug Act (1906)
        • Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and transportation of bad food or fraudulent labeled food
    • Acts and Policies Cont.
      • Meat Inspection Act (1906)
        • Federal inspections in meat packing facilities.
      • Conservation Laws
        • 1902-1908
        • Create federal irrigation projects, national parks, develop water power, establish National Conservation Commission.
      • Anti-Trust policies
        • Roosevelt ordered Justice department to bring indictments against 25 monopolies
      • Department of Commerce and Labor
        • Address concerns of business and labor
    • Social and Cultural Developments
      • Progressive Reforms
        • Series of reform causes designed to address specific social, economic, and political problems.
        • Middle-class wanted to correct wrong-doings, moderate reformers.
        • Honest government, economic regulation, environmental conservation, labor recognition, new political structures, end to child labor, prison reform, and many more!!!
        • Some also called for gender and racial equality.
      • Muckrakers
        • Investigative journalists and authors.
          • McClure's, Collier's , Cosmopolitan
          • “ The Shame of the Cities”-Steffens
          • “ History of the Standard Oil Company”-Tarbell
    • Politics of the Period
      • Election of 1908
        • William H. Taft vs. William Jennings Bryan vs. Eugene Debs.
      • Taft wanted the continuation of trust-busting policies.
      • Taft unsuccessful in healing the rifts in the Republican party.
      • Ballinger-Pinchot Dispute (1909-1910)
        • Progressives backed Pinchot, chief of U.S. Forest Service, in his charge that conservative Secretary of the Interior, Ballinger, was giving away nation's resources to private corporate interests.
    • Politics Cont.
      • 16 th Amendment
        • 1909-graduated income tax
      • Mann-Elins Act
        • Extended regulatory function of I.C.C. Over cable and wireless companies, and telephone and telegraph lines. Begin own court proceedings, and suspend questionable rates.
      • Election of 1912
        • Most dramatic in American History!!
        • Progressive Party (Bull Moose)
          • Teddy Roosevelt- “New Nationalism”
          • Called for Federal Trade Commission
    • Wilson and the Progressive Movement
      • 1913: reduction of tariff, reform of banks and currency laws, improvements in anti-trust laws.
      • Underwood-Simmons Tariff Act of 1913
        • Average rates reduced, included graduated income tax
      • Federal Reserve Act of 1913
        • Stability in banking and currency supply
      • Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914
        • Strengthened Sherman Anti-trust Act
      • Federal Trade Commission Act of 1914
        • Prohibit unfair trade
    • New Nationalism
      • Progressive Party dissolved after 1912
      • Federal Farm Loan Act of 1916
        • Farm mortgage loans at reasonable rates
      • Child Labor Act of 1916
        • Regulated labor force
      • Adamson Act of 1916
        • Mandated 8 hour work day-railroads
      • Kerr-McGillicuddy Act of 1916
        • Workmen's comp
    • Election of 1916
      • Wilson: continued progressive reforms and neutrality in European affairs. “He kept us out of war.”
      • Charles Evans Hughes-difficult to tackle neutrality issue
      • Wilson popularity increased significantly: former progressives and socialists.
    • Social Issues
      • Segregation in government agencies
        • W.E.B. DuBois
        • William Trotter-led protest delegation to D.C.
        • Wilson viewed as not sensitive to African American rights
      • National American Woman Suffrage Association
        • Wilson said suffrage should be controlled by states-later changes view and supports 19th.
      • Immigration
        • Wilson opposed immigration restrictions
        • Vetoed literacy test (1917 overrode by Congress)