Conflict In The 1920s

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Conflict In The 1920s

  1. 1. 1920's Conflicts and Trends AP U.S. History
  2. 2. Marcus Garvey and the UNIA <ul><li>Native of Jamaica-Universal Negro Improvement Association </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Black racial pride and separatism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Return to Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alienated older rights groups </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Sold stock in the Black Star Steamship Line </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take migrants to Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bankrupt-imprisoned for fraud and deported </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Mexicans and Puerto Ricans <ul><li>Settled in Southwestern cities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low paying jobs, poor neighborhoods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Barrios </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>First major migration of Puerto Ricans to U.S. mainland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New York City </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service industries and manufacturing </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Conflict of values <ul><li>Rapid changes (automobile, revolution in morals, jazz music, immigration, “Great Migration”) brought strong reactions from white Protestant Americans-saw traditions as threatened. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rural-urban conflict </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Knights of the Ku Klux Klan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intimidate blacks, immigrants, Catholics, Jews, bootleggers, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ 100 percent Americanism” </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Prohibition <ul><li>18 th Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Implemented by Volstead Act-created more problems! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enforcement was difficult-urban areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speakeasies, bathtub gin, organized crime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eventually, many people who initially supported prohibition change their views because of the corruption! </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Creationism and the Scopes Trial <ul><li>Fundamentalist Protestants-led by William Jennings Bryan-prohibit teaching of evolution in schools. </li></ul><ul><li>1925-Tennessee legislature passed law which forbade any teacher in state's schools or colleges to teach evolution. </li></ul><ul><li>American Civil Liberties Union-John Thomas Scopes-test law-defended by Clarence Darrow </li></ul><ul><li>Both sides claimed a moral victory. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Sacco and Vanzetti <ul><li>Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were accused of robbing and murdering two men. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Italian immigrants and admitted anarchists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Convicted and sentenced to death </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Much protest about lack of a fair trial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Executed in 1927 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Warren Harding Administration <ul><li>Corrupt “friends” and officials-violated prohibition </li></ul><ul><li>Teapot Dome Scandal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sec. of the Interior, Albert Fall, secured the transfer of several naval oil reserves to his jurisdiction. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Secretly leased reserves to Monmouth Oil and Pan-American Petroleum </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Convicted for bribery and defrauding the government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Attorney General Daugherty took bribes from bootleggers, tax evaders, etc. for protection. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Calvin Coolidge Administration <ul><li>Harding dies in office-able to avoid scandals </li></ul><ul><li>“ The business of the United States is business.” </li></ul><ul><li>No real presidential leadership </li></ul><ul><li>McNary-Haugen Bill </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rise crop prices-vetoed twice by Coolidge </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Hoover's Administration <ul><li>Dawes Plan-war debts and reparations </li></ul><ul><li>Kellog-Briand Pact-no enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Black Thursday </li></ul><ul><ul><li>13 million shares were traded, prices fell </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Black Tuesday </li></ul><ul><ul><li>October 29, 1929 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Market fell 40 points with 16.5 million shares traded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Long decline until 1933=Great Depression! </li></ul></ul></ul>

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