Damiana Da Cunha• Lived around 1780• Originally a young Caiapo Indian female who was baptized along with her brother “Mandel Da Cunha.”• Raised in the household of the Portuguese governor.• Sent to the Aldeia in Sao Jose as a “domestic Indian” when governor was called back to Portugal.
Damiana Da Cunha (Continued)• Became the leader of Aldeia community during its transition from a military post to a peasant village.• Strong supporter of the church. – Served as an interpreter.• Mediated between the Aldeia inhabitants and the Brazilian state.• When she died in 1831, the Aldeia community fell apart.
Antonio De Gouveia• Born as a son to a Christian family in 1528.• Very intelligent and manipulative. – Versed in astrology, alchemy, medicine, prophesy, and thought he held the key to invisibility.• Became an Azorean priest. – Went to Lisbon at 20 years of age and ordained to the holy priesthood at Chapel of Saint Anne. – Claimed to have studied Latin and rhetoric at the University of Cambria but would not specify what year.
Antonio De Gouveia (Continued)• Eccentric man during the Inquisition. – Almost constantly in and out of custody for betrayal of the Christian faith.• Moved to Brazil and managed to become a prominent priest within the captaincy. – Credentials questioned on several occasions, yet maintained his position for some time.• Finally deported back to Lisbon and held indefinitely by the Lisbon inquisition, though little evidence of his betrayal actually existed.
Isabel Moctezuma• First born daughter of King Moctezuma II and Teotlalco in 1509 or 1510 at Tenochtitlan.• Originally named Tecuichpotzin.• Transferred to the care of Hernan Cortez by Moctezuma II before his death. – Given the Spanish name of Dona Isabel.• Reunited with the Aztec people as the Spaniards fled. – Married to uncle, Cuitlahuac until he died of smallpox. – Married to cousin, Cuauhtemoc for approximately one year before Cortes returned and captured her.• Cortes took her husband, Cuauhtemoc in search for riches. – Cortes returned five years later after torturing and eventually hanging Cuauhtemoc.
Isabel Moctezuma (Continued)• Isabel was granted revenue from the town of Tacuba by Cortes.• Cortes arranged for Isabel to marry Alfonso De Grado. – De Grado died after two years from unknown causes.• Isabel was then brought into Cortes’ home. – Became pregnant with his daughter.• Cortes arranged another marriage to Pedro Gallego De Andrade. – Isabel bore Gallego a son. – Gallego died two months later of unknown causes.• Finally married to Juan Cano De Saavedra until her death almost twenty years later. – Willed the majority of her estate to her first son.
Beatriz De Padilla• Born around 1620.• Lived in the town of Lagos, near Guadalajara, New Spain.• Born into slavery as a housekeeper.• Began with relations with Priest Diego Ortiz during adolescence. – Moved on to become involved with other men, but seemed to favor the priest until his death.
Beatriz De Padilla (Continued)• Brought before Tribunal of the Inquisition in Mexico City. – Allegations that she had poisoned the priest to death and drove the Lord Mayor of Juchipila crazy through witchcraft.• Ultimately disclosed a great deal of corruption within her small town. – Insufficient evidence to be convicted.• Returned to the household of the Lord Mayor of Juchipila to continue life as a housekeeper and mistress.
Miguel Hernandez• Lived during the 16th Century in Mexico.• Mulattoo male, received an education.• Moved to Queretaro and achieved success. – Became the leading Mulattoo citizen. – Began his own freight business. – Sold mules and clothing on the side.
Miguel Hernandez (Continued)• Gained the title of Senor de Recuas. – No other Mulattoo men were addressed as a senor during this time.• Diversified through investments in land.• Established a large, successful network of family, friends, and business partners.• Set his family up for success during a very difficult time through hard work and dedication.
Hernando De Valencia• Born in the late 1500s in Madrid.• Began as a police officer, then became a police recorder.• Became a treasury agent after having served the government for many years.• Sent to Lima at around sixty years of age to attempt to solicit more money from the colonies. – Wife promised his salary should he die on the journey. – Promised to be appointed to council upon return.
Hernando De Valencia (Continued)• Disembarked ship at Paita. – Went the rest of the way on land. – Later learned that the ship had crashed and his property, slave, and son were all lost at sea.• Stayed with distant relative don Juan Jacinto de Acevedo. – Later accused of seducing his wife.• Became a regular solicitor of the viceroy.• Ended up involved with several accusations of promiscuity and dishonesty. – Found himself either hiding out, or in custody for several years.• Valencia vanished from history as he sailed away from his troubles in 1635.