The Little Ice Age<br />By<br />	Eric James<br />	History 141 71154<br />
The Little Ice Age: Timeline<br />Idea first introduced by Francois E. Matthes in 1939.<br />Variation of 400 years in dat...
The period known as The Little Ice Age saw a global temperature decrease of 2 to 3 degrees centigrade.<br />Consists of th...
Massive effect on crops.<br />Huge amounts of rain waterlogged farm lands.<br />People began to starve.<br />Turned to vio...
Wars<br />In 1588 The world dominating Spanish Armada lost nearly 1/3 of its ships and men to massive waves and freezing w...
Tarm, Michael. "The Napoleon Graves." Baltics Worldwide. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Sept. 2011.<br />Little Ice Age: Big Chill. Pr...
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The little ice age

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The little ice age

  1. 1. The Little Ice Age<br />By<br /> Eric James<br /> History 141 71154<br />
  2. 2. The Little Ice Age: Timeline<br />Idea first introduced by Francois E. Matthes in 1939.<br />Variation of 400 years in dating as to the actual start of the little ice age based upon different events.<br />Some would say it began with growth in Atlantic pack ice during 1250 A.D. Others would say it began with the first climatic minimum in 1650 A.D.<br />Preceded by a climatic period of medieval warming.<br />Europe in the rebuilding process after the fall of the Roman Empire.<br />Saw a building spree with such structures as Westminster Abbey, The Leaning Tower of Pisa, and numerous Gothic Cathedrals.<br />Peasants were especially vulnerable at this time.<br />Average life span was 35-36 years.<br />Nearly ½ of all infants die before their second birthday. <br />Came to an end in the mid-nineteenth century.<br />
  3. 3. The period known as The Little Ice Age saw a global temperature decrease of 2 to 3 degrees centigrade.<br />Consists of three particularly cold periods of time.<br />Believed by some climatologists to be part of a climatic cycle.<br />Adding too much fresh water (medieval warming period) to the Oceanic Conveyer of heat could result in a failure of the conveyer to circulate warm waters.<br />Less radiation from the sun due to a decrease in sunspots (Maunder Minimum) could’ve also contributed to the global cooling.<br />Sulfur deposits indicate 5 major volcanic eruptions per century, resulting in massive sulfur clouds around the globe for several years.<br />The Little Ice Age: Description<br />
  4. 4. Massive effect on crops.<br />Huge amounts of rain waterlogged farm lands.<br />People began to starve.<br />Turned to violence and aggression in order to gain food.<br />Vikings were forced to flee what had been a thriving Greenland after suffering massive losses due to starvation.<br />Livestock had to be brought indoors to flee the elements, freezing waters forced many fish to flee waters, very little vegetation could survive the cold for livestock.<br />Led to the incorporation of the potato into the European diet.<br />Potato blight in Ireland claimed 1.5 million lives.<br />Starving Frenchmen refused to endorse the “evil” potato and turned to the government for aid.<br />Government failure to provide aid led to the French Revolution.<br />Freezing in the Northeastern United States helped force people Westward though few had been willing to go prior to the severe weather.<br />The Little Ice Age: Effects<br />
  5. 5. Wars<br />In 1588 The world dominating Spanish Armada lost nearly 1/3 of its ships and men to massive waves and freezing waters as it went around the British Isles.<br />Only 6 ships were lost in the actual battle.<br />In 1812 Napoleon’s 600,000 man army invaded Russia and pushed all the way to Moscow, winning every single battle.<br />Russians burned their lands, poisoned their waters, and retreated.<br />After 5 weeks awaiting a treaty from the Czar in Moscow, Napoleon begins to march out of Russia.<br />¾ of his army dies due to freezing temperatures and starvation.<br />Nearly 35,000 are suspected to be buried in Vilnius, Lithuania.<br />Defeat led directly to Napoleon’s eventual downfall.<br />George Washington’s harrowing 9 hour crossing of the Delaware River depicts the flowing ice that threatened to sink boats.<br />The ensuing battle of Trenton saw a turning point for the American Revolution.<br />British were not expecting such a daring attack and were caught off guard.<br />The Little Ice Age: Effects<br />
  6. 6. Tarm, Michael. "The Napoleon Graves." Baltics Worldwide. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Sept. 2011.<br />Little Ice Age: Big Chill. Prod. Don Cambou. The History Channel. Web. 21 Sept. 2011. <br />"Little Ice Age." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. N.p., 14 Sept. 2011. Web. 21 Sept. 2011.<br />The Little Ice Age: Sources<br />

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