The MA Bay Colony
1629 non-Separatists got a royal charter
to form the MA Bay Co.
Wanted to escape attacks by conservatives in
the Church of England.
They didn’t want to leave the Church, just
1630 1,000 people set off in 11 well-
Established a colony with Boston as its hub.
“Great Migration” of the 1630s
Turmoil in England [leading to the English Civil
War] sent about 70,000 Puritans to America.
Not all Puritans 20,000 came to MA.
We shall be as aWe shall be as a
city on a hill..city on a hill..
and manor lord in
Believed that he
had a “calling” from
God to lead there.
Served as governor
for 19 years.
Young, popular minister inYoung, popular minister in
Argued for a full breakArgued for a full break
with the Anglican Church.with the Anglican Church.
Condemned MA BayCondemned MA Bay
• Did not give fairDid not give fair
compensation to Indians.compensation to Indians.
Denied authority of civilDenied authority of civil
govt. to regulate religiousgovt. to regulate religious
16351635 found guilty of preachingfound guilty of preaching newe &newe &
dangerous opinionsdangerous opinions and was exiled.and was exiled.
Roger WilliamsRoger Williams
16361636 Roger Williams fled there.Roger Williams fled there.
MA Bay Puritans had wanted to exile him toMA Bay Puritans had wanted to exile him to
England to prevent him from founding aEngland to prevent him from founding a
competing colony.competing colony.
Remarkable political freedom in Providence,Remarkable political freedom in Providence,
• Universal manhood suffrageUniversal manhood suffrage later restrictedlater restricted
by a property qualification.by a property qualification.
• Opposed to special privilege of any kindOpposed to special privilege of any kind
freedom of opportunity for all.freedom of opportunity for all.
RI becomes known as the “Sewer” becauseRI becomes known as the “Sewer” because
it is seen by the Puritans as a dumpingit is seen by the Puritans as a dumping
ground for unbelievers and religiousground for unbelievers and religious
dissentersdissenters More liberal than any otherMore liberal than any other
16381638 she confounded the Puritan leadersshe confounded the Puritan leaders
for days.for days.
Eventually bragged that she had receivedEventually bragged that she had received
her beliefs DIRECTLY from God.her beliefs DIRECTLY from God.
Direct revelation was even more seriousDirect revelation was even more serious
than the heresy of antinomianism.than the heresy of antinomianism. WHY??WHY??
Puritan leaders banished herPuritan leaders banished her she & hershe & her
family traveled to RI and later to NY.family traveled to RI and later to NY.
She and all but one member of her familyShe and all but one member of her family
were killed in an Indian attack in Westchesterwere killed in an Indian attack in Westchester
John Winthrop saw God’s hand in this!John Winthrop saw God’s hand in this!
Indians especially weak in New EnglandIndians especially weak in New England
epidemics wiped out ¾ of the nativeepidemics wiped out ¾ of the native
Wampanoags [near Plymouth] befriendedWampanoags [near Plymouth] befriended
the settlers.the settlers.
Cooperation between the twoCooperation between the two
helped byhelped by SquantoSquanto..
16211621 Chief Massasoit signedChief Massasoit signed
treaty with the settlers.treaty with the settlers.
Autumn, 1621Autumn, 1621 both groupsboth groups
celebrated the First Thanksgiving.celebrated the First Thanksgiving.
Puritans vs. Native
The Pequot Wars: 1636-
powerful tribepowerful tribe
in CT river valley.in CT river valley.
Whites, withWhites, with
Indian allies,Indian allies,
attacked Pequotattacked Pequot
village on Mysticvillage on Mystic
Whites set fireWhites set fire
to homes & shot fleeing survivors!to homes & shot fleeing survivors!
Pequot tribe virtually annihilatedPequot tribe virtually annihilated an uneasyan uneasy
peace lasted for 40 years.peace lasted for 40 years.
Only hope for NativeOnly hope for Native
Americans to resistAmericans to resist
white settlers was towhite settlers was to
MetacomMetacom [King Philip to[King Philip to
white settlers]white settlers]
Massasoit’s son unitedMassasoit’s son united
Indians and stagedIndians and staged
coordinated attackscoordinated attacks
on white settlements throughout New England.on white settlements throughout New England.
Frontier settlements forced to retreat toFrontier settlements forced to retreat to
King Philip’s War (1675-1676}
The war ended in failure for the IndiansThe war ended in failure for the Indians
Metacom beheaded and drawn and quartered.Metacom beheaded and drawn and quartered.
His son and wife sold into slavery.His son and wife sold into slavery.
Never a serious threat in New England again!!Never a serious threat in New England again!!
King Philip’s War (1675-1676}