New England Colonization

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The PowerPoint we saw in class about the colonization of the New England Colonies

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New England Colonization

  1. 1. Mr. UllmanMr. UllmanMr. UllmanMr. Ullman
  2. 2. The MA Bay Colony 1629  non-Separatists got a royal charter to form the MA Bay Co.  Wanted to escape attacks by conservatives in the Church of England.  They didn’t want to leave the Church, just its “impurities.” 1630  1,000 people set off in 11 well- stocked ships  Established a colony with Boston as its hub. “Great Migration” of the 1630s  Turmoil in England [leading to the English Civil War] sent about 70,000 Puritans to America.  Not all Puritans  20,000 came to MA.
  3. 3. John Winthrop We shall be as aWe shall be as a city on a hill..city on a hill.. Well-off attorney and manor lord in England. Became 1st governor of Massachusetts.  Believed that he had a “calling” from God to lead there.  Served as governor or deputy-governor for 19 years.
  4. 4. First Seal of MA Bay
  5. 5. Colonizing New England
  6. 6. Puritan “Rebels” Young, popular minister inYoung, popular minister in Salem.Salem.  Argued for a full breakArgued for a full break with the Anglican Church.with the Anglican Church.  Condemned MA BayCondemned MA Bay Charter.Charter. • Did not give fairDid not give fair compensation to Indians.compensation to Indians.  Denied authority of civilDenied authority of civil govt. to regulate religiousgovt. to regulate religious behavior.behavior. 16351635  found guilty of preachingfound guilty of preaching newe &newe & dangerous opinionsdangerous opinions and was exiled.and was exiled. Roger WilliamsRoger Williams
  7. 7. 16361636  Roger Williams fled there.Roger Williams fled there.  MA Bay Puritans had wanted to exile him toMA Bay Puritans had wanted to exile him to England to prevent him from founding aEngland to prevent him from founding a competing colony.competing colony.  Remarkable political freedom in Providence,Remarkable political freedom in Providence, RIRI • Universal manhood suffrageUniversal manhood suffrage  later restrictedlater restricted by a property qualification.by a property qualification. • Opposed to special privilege of any kindOpposed to special privilege of any kind  freedom of opportunity for all.freedom of opportunity for all. RI becomes known as the “Sewer” becauseRI becomes known as the “Sewer” because it is seen by the Puritans as a dumpingit is seen by the Puritans as a dumping ground for unbelievers and religiousground for unbelievers and religious dissentersdissenters  More liberal than any otherMore liberal than any other Rhode Island
  8. 8. Intelligent, strong-willed,Intelligent, strong-willed, well-spoken woman.well-spoken woman. Threatened patriarchalThreatened patriarchal control.control. Puritan “Rebels” AnneAnne HutchinsonHutchinson
  9. 9. 16381638  she confounded the Puritan leadersshe confounded the Puritan leaders for days.for days. Eventually bragged that she had receivedEventually bragged that she had received her beliefs DIRECTLY from God.her beliefs DIRECTLY from God. Direct revelation was even more seriousDirect revelation was even more serious than the heresy of antinomianism.than the heresy of antinomianism. WHY??WHY?? Puritan leaders banished herPuritan leaders banished her  she & hershe & her family traveled to RI and later to NY.family traveled to RI and later to NY.  She and all but one member of her familyShe and all but one member of her family were killed in an Indian attack in Westchesterwere killed in an Indian attack in Westchester County.County.  John Winthrop saw God’s hand in this!John Winthrop saw God’s hand in this! Anne Hutchinson’s Trial
  10. 10. New England Spreads Out
  11. 11. New England Colonies, 1650
  12. 12. Indians especially weak in New EnglandIndians especially weak in New England  epidemics wiped out ¾ of the nativeepidemics wiped out ¾ of the native populationpopulation Wampanoags [near Plymouth] befriendedWampanoags [near Plymouth] befriended the settlers.the settlers.  Cooperation between the twoCooperation between the two helped byhelped by SquantoSquanto.. 16211621  Chief Massasoit signedChief Massasoit signed treaty with the settlers.treaty with the settlers.  Autumn, 1621Autumn, 1621  both groupsboth groups celebrated the First Thanksgiving.celebrated the First Thanksgiving. Puritans vs. Native Americans
  13. 13. The Pequot Wars: 1636- 1637PequotsPequots  veryvery powerful tribepowerful tribe in CT river valley.in CT river valley. 16371637  PequotPequot WarWar  Whites, withWhites, with NarragansettNarragansett Indian allies,Indian allies, attacked Pequotattacked Pequot village on Mysticvillage on Mystic River.River.  Whites set fireWhites set fire to homes & shot fleeing survivors!to homes & shot fleeing survivors!  Pequot tribe virtually annihilatedPequot tribe virtually annihilated an uneasyan uneasy peace lasted for 40 years.peace lasted for 40 years.
  14. 14. Only hope for NativeOnly hope for Native Americans to resistAmericans to resist white settlers was towhite settlers was to UNITE.UNITE. MetacomMetacom [King Philip to[King Philip to white settlers]white settlers]  Massasoit’s son unitedMassasoit’s son united Indians and stagedIndians and staged coordinated attackscoordinated attacks on white settlements throughout New England.on white settlements throughout New England.  Frontier settlements forced to retreat toFrontier settlements forced to retreat to Boston.Boston. King Philip’s War (1675-1676}
  15. 15. The war ended in failure for the IndiansThe war ended in failure for the Indians  Metacom beheaded and drawn and quartered.Metacom beheaded and drawn and quartered.  His son and wife sold into slavery.His son and wife sold into slavery.  Never a serious threat in New England again!!Never a serious threat in New England again!! King Philip’s War (1675-1676}
  16. 16. Population of the New England Colonies
  17. 17. Population Comparisons: New England v. the Chesapeake

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