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Youth unemployment in Poland - recent improvements and future challenges

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Presentation by Lukasz Arendt (University of Lodz, Poland) on the occasion of the 20th LMO meeting on 6 June 2011 in Madrid, Spain

Presentation by Lukasz Arendt (University of Lodz, Poland) on the occasion of the 20th LMO meeting on 6 June 2011 in Madrid, Spain

Published in: News & Politics

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  • 1. Youth unemployment in Poland – recent improvements and future challenges
    Lukasz Arendt,
    Department of Economic Policy
    University of Lodz
    Poland
  • 2. Two stories of youth unemployment
    Youth unemployment rate (people under 25)
    Source: Eurostat
  • 3. Two stories of youth unemployment
    Youth unemployment rate as % of unemployment rate 15+
    Source: Eurostat
  • 4. Institutional arrangements in Poland
    The role of Public employment services
    PES provide the following services for all unemployed and job seekers :
    Work exchange
    Vocational counselling and information
    Assistance in active search for a job
    Organization of training courses
  • 5. Institutional arrangements in Poland
    The role of PES as for youth unemployment
    The Act on employment promotion and labour market institutions defines a category of „persons in special situation on the labour market” to whom specific ALMPs are available:
    Intervention works
    Public works
    Apprenticeship (till 2009 available only to youth unemployed)
    Adult vocational education
    This category includes the unemployed under 25 years of age.
  • 6. Additional measures provided by PES for youth unemployed
    Within 6 months since the registration, the district job centre should present to the youth unemployed a proposal of employment, training course, apprenticeship, adult vocational education, intervention works or public works
    Apprenticeship lasts up to 12 months (for other types of unemployed up to 6 months)
  • 7. ALMPs focus on the youth unemployed
    In 2008 260.6 ths youth unemployed (87.2% of registered unemployed) were involved in ALMPprogrammes
    In 2009 the number rose to 268 ths
    Youth unemployed share in total unemployment in 2009 was 22.5%, while in the group of people involved in active programmes - 38.4%
  • 8. ALMPs focus on the youth unemployed
    % of eligible youth unemployed who used selected ALMPs
    Source: Ministry of Labour and Social Policy
  • 9. Voluntary Labour Corps –labour market institution focused on the youth
    Actions addressed only to people aged 15-25
    Focus on the youth exposed to marginalization and social exclusion
    Some statistics for the Youth Job Offices in 2010:
    registered over 175 ths young job seekers
    166 ths workplaces acquired
    172 ths young people sent to employers
    almost 111 ths employed
  • 10. Conclusions - challenges
    There is a strong correlation between unemployment rate 15+ and youth unemployment rate
    During the crisis (economic slowdown in Poland) resources allocated to ALMPs (especially for apprenticeships) were of high importance as for combating youth unemployment. If there had beenno state intervention, the youth unemployment rate surely would be higher
  • 11. Conclusions - challenges
    Still, efficiency and effectiveness of ALMPs is the problem. Many people under 25 become unemployed again after completing the apprenticeship.
    Significant cut in the Labour Fund resources allocated to ALMPs in 2011 (about 70% less than in 2010) may result in higher youth unemployment in Poland this year.
  • 12. Thank you for your attention
    Lukasz Arendt
    Department of Economic Policy
    University of Lodz
    P.O.W. 3/5
    90-255 Lodz
    Poland
    e-mail: larendt@uni.lodz.pl