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Roma and Education 
Public hearing – Economic and Social 
Committee 
Szilvia KALMAN 
DG Education and Culture 
7 November ...
Early childhood education 
• On average, only half of the Roma children 
attend pre-school
Early childhood education 
• Council Recommendation: 
• Increase access to and quality of early childhood 
education and c...
Compulsory school attendance 
High compulsory 
school attendance 
in most Member 
States
Early school leaving 
Only 15% of Roma 
aged 20-24 
completed upper 
secondary general or 
vocational education
School attendance and early school 
leaving 
• Council Recommendation: 
• Reduce early school leaving throghout all levels...
School attendance and early school 
leaving 
• Examples of Member State measures: 
• Second-chance education (BG, RO) 
• A...
Segregation in education 
Roma are over-represented in special 
schools or classes
Segregation in education 
• Many Roma attend 
ethnically 
segregated classes
Segregation in education 
• Council Recommendation: 
• Eliminate any school segregation 
• Put an end to any inappropriate...
Other challenges 
• Very low participation of Roma in tertiary 
education 
• Few systematic measures to support the 
parti...
Equity of education systems
2012 
Shanghai-China 
Socially equitable 
distribution of learning 
opportunities 
Strong socio-economic 
impact on studen...
Overall assessment 
•Good progress in some areas, in particular ECEC 
•Broad range of measures implemented by MS 
However ...
Way forward 
•New College: importance of fundamental rights 
has been reconfirmed 
•Education OMC: Promoting equity, socia...
Thank you for your attention!
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Roma and education

Presentation by Szilvia Kalman, European Commission, DG EAC, on the occasion of the EESC conference on 'Better Roma inclusion through civil society initiatives: focus on education, employment, housing and antidiscrimination' (Brussels, 7 November 2014).

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Roma and education

  1. 1. Roma and Education Public hearing – Economic and Social Committee Szilvia KALMAN DG Education and Culture 7 November 20147 November 2014
  2. 2. Early childhood education • On average, only half of the Roma children attend pre-school
  3. 3. Early childhood education • Council Recommendation: • Increase access to and quality of early childhood education and care, including targeted suppport, as necessary • Examples of Member State measures: • Compulsory pre-school years (BG, HU) • Cash incentives (HU) • Work with families (BG) • Targeted support programmes (RO, BG, HU, PT)
  4. 4. Compulsory school attendance High compulsory school attendance in most Member States
  5. 5. Early school leaving Only 15% of Roma aged 20-24 completed upper secondary general or vocational education
  6. 6. School attendance and early school leaving • Council Recommendation: • Reduce early school leaving throghout all levels of education • Address the needs of individual pupils in close coopeation with their families, • Use inclusive and tailor-made teaching and learning methods, including learning support for struggling learners and measures to fight illiteracy • Promoting the availablity of extra-curricular activities • Improve teacher training
  7. 7. School attendance and early school leaving • Examples of Member State measures: • Second-chance education (BG, RO) • All day schooling (BG, SK) • After school activities (HU, BG) • Use of mediators (FI, RO) • Inclusion of Roma culture in the curricula (SK, HU) • Language support (BG, FR) • Bilingual education (RO, SE) • Teacher training (SK, HU, BG, SE)
  8. 8. Segregation in education Roma are over-represented in special schools or classes
  9. 9. Segregation in education • Many Roma attend ethnically segregated classes
  10. 10. Segregation in education • Council Recommendation: • Eliminate any school segregation • Put an end to any inappropriate placement of Roma pupils in special needs schools • Examples of Member State measures: • Improving diagnosis of school abilities (SK, CZ)
  11. 11. Other challenges • Very low participation of Roma in tertiary education • Few systematic measures to support the participation of Roma young people in adult education •
  12. 12. Equity of education systems
  13. 13. 2012 Shanghai-China Socially equitable distribution of learning opportunities Strong socio-economic impact on student performance Source OECD, Pisa 2012
  14. 14. Overall assessment •Good progress in some areas, in particular ECEC •Broad range of measures implemented by MS However •Lack of commitment and systematic approach for desegregation •Existing practices have limited scope to make an impact at a larger scale •Challenge to ensure long-term financing •Need for more systemic measures to promote incusive education, including greater focus on teachers
  15. 15. Way forward •New College: importance of fundamental rights has been reconfirmed •Education OMC: Promoting equity, social cohesion and citizenship is one of the strategic objectives – new upcoming priorities spring 2015 •ET2020 Working groups on ECEC and Schools •ROMED programme 2015 •Erasmus+: strategic partnerships (KA2), support to policy reforms (KA3)
  16. 16. Thank you for your attention!

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