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ERDF support for Roma inclusion in the 2014-2020 programming period - Housing measures

Presentation by Andor Urmos, DG REGIO, on the occasion of the EESC conference on 'Better Roma inclusion through civil society initiatives: focus on education, employment, housing and antidiscrimination' (Brussels, 7 November 2014).

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ERDF support for Roma inclusion in the 2014-2020 programming period - Housing measures

  1. 1. ERDF support for Roma inclusion in the 2014-2020 programming period Housing mesures Andor Urmos European Commission Directorate General for Regional and Urban Policy Cohesion Policy Cohesion Policy
  2. 2. Current programming period 2007-2013 • Social infrastructures: education-, health-, childcare-, housing infrastructure (17,9 billion EUR) • Education infrastructure: childcare, preschool, primary, secondary, tertiary education (8,4 billion EUR) • Education and spatial segregation of Roma communities • Sustainability of investments • Non-reformed education, social care, health systems • Alignment with the most important trends and needs • Demographic change • Territorial inequalities • Shift to the community-based care Cohesion Policy Cohesion Policy
  3. 3. Programming period 2007-2013 • Comprehensive approaches (spatial targeting) • Slovakia – 200 million EUR • Hungary (micro-regions) – 320 million EUR Cohesion Policy Cohesion Policy • Housing actions • Modification of the ERDF regulation (2010) • 80 million EUR (SK, HU, CZ, BG, RO, BG, etc.)
  4. 4. 1080/2006 ERDF amendment - Art 7. Cohesion Policy Cohesion Policy • Background, challenges • Eradication Roma settlements - long-lasting discussion and awarainess raising about the problem • The possible use of EU funds – opportunity for new Member States • Rural poverty of Roma communities • Urban-rehabilitation Energy efficiency Renovation of common part of buildings • Segregation of Roma communities is strengthened, particularly in Eastern Europe
  5. 5. 1080/2006 ERDF amendment - Art 7. Cohesion Policy Cohesion Policy • The solution • Rural areas are included – actions could focus on settlements with less inhabitants • Replacement is included – eradication of the ghetto is a possible objective • Integrated approach –efforts to enforce inclusion (education, employment, housing, health) Conditionality
  6. 6. 1080/2006 ERDF amendment - Art 7. Cohesion Policy Cohesion Policy • Challenges still ahead • Implementation by Member States – encouragement, professional and technical support by DG Regio Promotion of the new regulation (seminars, conferences, cooperation with relevant NGOs, organizations) • Segregation - one of the most important barrier in Roma integration De-segregation measures should be enforced • Underutilized resources for de-segregation (i.e. 60% utilization of the budget of Social Urban-rehabilitation - Hungary) Sharing experiences, good practices – promotion of urban-rehabilitation for local authorities
  7. 7. Budget allocations per Member State (2014-2020) Total EU allocations of cohesion policy 2014-2020* (billion €, current prices) 7 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 AT BE BG CY CZ DE DK EE EL ES FI FR HR HU IE IT LT LU LV MT NL PL PT RO SE SI SK UK * breakdown by category of allocations subject to transfers between categories at the request of the Member States
  8. 8. TThheemmaattiicc oobbjjeeccttiivveess 22001144--22002200 1. Research, technological development and innovation 2. ICT access, use and quality 3. Competitiveness of Small and Medium-Sized Cohesion Policy Cohesion Policy EEuurrooppee 22002200:: jjoobbss && ggrroowwtthh inclusive sustainable smart Cohesion Policy Enterprises (SME) 4. Shift towards a low-carbon economy 5. Climate change adaptation, risk prevention and management 6. Environmental protection and resource efficiency 7. Sustainable transport and key network infrastructure 8. Sustainable and Quality Employment and labour mobility 9. Social inclusion, combating poverty and discrimination 10. Education, training for skills and lifelong learning 11. Institutional capacity and efficiency of public administration
  9. 9. EEuurrooppeeaann SSttrruuccttuurraall aanndd IInnvveessttmmeenntt FFuunnddss 22001144--22002200 SSoommee KKeeyy FFeeaattuurreess • Contributing to Europe 2020 strategy and objectives for smart sustainable an inclusive growth • Concentration • Integrated approach • Ex-ante conditionality for effectiveness • Result orientation • Alignment with Country Specific recommendations Cohesion Policy Cohesion Policy
  10. 10. Programming tools • Problem analysis • Identification and addressing needs of target groups at highest risk of Cohesion Policy Cohesion Policy discrimination or social exclusion • demographic challenges of regions or specific needs of geographical areas which suffer from severe and permanent natural or demographic…. • Expected results • Implementation reports on development of regions facing demographic challenges • Horizontal principles • CPR, Art. 7 - The Member States and the Commission shall take appropriate steps to prevent any discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability…. • CPR, Art. 96 - ….specific actions to promote equal opportunities and prevent discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability…. • Addressing demographic challenge…..shrinking population…..ageing society • National and/or regional strategies • Adequacy and quality of education, training and social support structures • Cost effective provision of halthcare and long-term care • Actions to .. prevent discrimination … taking into account the needs of the various target groups at risk of such discrimination …
  11. 11. Relevant EExx--aannttee ccoonnddiittiioonnaalliittiieess Cohesion Policy Cohesion Policy General ex-ante conditionality •Anti-discrimination Administrative capacity for the implementation and application of EU antidiscrimination law and policy in the field of ESI Funds Thematic Social inclusion, combating poverty and discrimination •National strategic policy framework for poverty reduction … depending on the identified needs, includes measures for the shift from institutional to community based care. •National Roma Integration Strategies Territorial concentration beyond the regional level (NUTS3) Investing in education, training and vocational training for skills and lifelong learning • Early school leaving
  12. 12. Position papers Access to quality preschool and primary education •SK, HU, BG, RO, CZ (also Country Specific Recommendations) Access to childcare facilities – women employment •Childcare infrastructure • BG, RO, CZ, SK, GR, IT, AT Cohesion Policy Cohesion Policy •Health infrastructure • PL, RO, BG, PT, HU, EE, LV, AT, SI, LI • Reform is a condition for further financing (BG, SK)
  13. 13. Programming period 2014-2020 Ongoing negotiations Cohesion Policy Cohesion Policy •Territorial approach • Slovakia (Roma Atlas) • Hungary (micro-regions) •Urban approach • Bulgaria – deprived neighbourhoods • France – deprived neighbourhoods •Education - early childhood services • Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, etc •Housing • Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, France, etc.
  14. 14. Thank you for your attention! Cohesion Policy Cohesion Policy

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Presentation by Andor Urmos, DG REGIO, on the occasion of the EESC conference on 'Better Roma inclusion through civil society initiatives: focus on education, employment, housing and antidiscrimination' (Brussels, 7 November 2014).

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