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2011 june it_bpres

2011 june it_bpres






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    2011 june it_bpres 2011 june it_bpres Presentation Transcript

    • Role of Aluminumin Meeting Future Federal Fuel Economy Regulations Harry Siegel Sapa Extrusions on behalf of The Aluminum Association’s Aluminum Transportation Group (ATG)
    • The Aluminum Association’sAluminum Transportation Group (ATG) www.aluminumintransportation.org 2
    • U.S. Faces Stricter Fuel Economy Regs• April 2010: the Obama Administration established regulation that, starting with 2012 model year vehicles, requires automakers to reduce fleet-wide greenhouse gas emissions by approximately 5% every year and strengthen fuel economy each year, reaching an estimated 34.1 mpg for the combined industry-wide fleet by model year 2016• October 2010: the Obama Administration announced next steps toward establishing tighter fuel economy and emissions standards for 2017 through 2025 model- year vehicles
    • The Virtuous Weight Cycle: Enabler for Meeting CAFE Standards Mass Reduction Downsized Reinvest • Improved fuel economy Powertrain • No sacrifice of safety or function Cost Savings Secondary Weight
    • Automakers’ Downweighting Plans• Audi: Uses aluminum technology to achieve a 25% increase in body stiffness, while reducing weight by up to 20% in A8• BMW: To use more aluminum to cut weight• Ford: “I believe in 2015 and 2020, we will be more aluminum-intensive,” said Matthew Zaluzec, Ford Motor Co.’s manager for global materials and manufacturing research. “It may not be 100%, but it could be more than 50%.” – The Wall Street Journal, March 2011• GM: To trim 500 lbs by 2016 and 1,000 lbs. by 2020• Jaguar Land Rover: To construct all future vehicles with aluminum bodies• Nissan: To reduce 15% of vehicle weight
    • Existing Aluminum Applications Body Structure Airbag Housings Trim Body Skin sheet Powertrain Castings Bumper Beams Wheels Driveshaft Heat Exchangers Suspension Brake Housing Wiring Components• Today’s vehicle contains about 10% aluminum by weight• Many vehicles in the U.S. fleet use 400-500 pounds of aluminum• Worldwide content is projected to grow to 28-30 billion pounds per year – up from the current 16-17 billion pounds – between now and 2020• More than 95% of automotive aluminum is recycled
    • Weight Savings Translates to Fuel Economy Improvement Mass of Body-in-White Fuel Economy Improvement 400 3 2.7 MPG 350 Improvement 2.5 300 2 250 Miles Per Gallon 200 1.5 0.8 MPGKilograms 150 per 100 lbs. 1 100 0.5 50 0 0 Steel (baseline) High Strength Aluminum Steel (baseline- High Strength Aluminum 30 mpg) Steel Intensive Intensive Steel Intensive Intensive Source: ika - University of Aachen and the European Aluminium Source: Aluminum Association calculated based on ika Association (EAA) mass reduction data; assumes 23% secondary weight savings
    • Downweighting Creates Value – Advanced Powertrains Percent Increase in MPG Cost per 1 MPG Increase 60.0% $300 50.0% $250 40.0% $200 30.0% $150 20.0% $100 10.0% $50 0.0% $0 Baseline Diesel Hybrid Baseline Diesel Hybrid Steel Body Aluminum Body Steel Body Aluminum BodySource: IBIS Associates
    • PEV and PHEV Study $3 Battery Cost Savings Per $1 Invested in Electric Vehicles Objective: • Evaluate the impact of vehicle weight reduction on electric vehicle performance, range and battery size Results: • Reduced battery cost: $900 - $1,950 (@ $750/KWh) • EV weight reduction potential: 19% • 10% mass reduction: 4 - 6% reduction in battery size • Expected aluminum structure cost premium: $630 20% reduced vehicle mass yields a 20% range increaseSource: Ricardo
    • Time for Down Weighting is Now • A necessity in the holistic approach to meeting U.S. and global regulations without sacrificing safety or functionality • The only fuel saving technology that complements advanced powertrains • Offers more CO2 and fuel savings than other materials • Transition can happen faster than alternative powertrain breakthroughs while preserving U.S. jobs
    • Thank Youwww.aluminumintransportation.org