2011 june it_bpres


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2011 june it_bpres

  1. 1. Role of Aluminumin Meeting Future Federal Fuel Economy Regulations Harry Siegel Sapa Extrusions on behalf of The Aluminum Association’s Aluminum Transportation Group (ATG)
  2. 2. The Aluminum Association’sAluminum Transportation Group (ATG) www.aluminumintransportation.org 2
  3. 3. U.S. Faces Stricter Fuel Economy Regs• April 2010: the Obama Administration established regulation that, starting with 2012 model year vehicles, requires automakers to reduce fleet-wide greenhouse gas emissions by approximately 5% every year and strengthen fuel economy each year, reaching an estimated 34.1 mpg for the combined industry-wide fleet by model year 2016• October 2010: the Obama Administration announced next steps toward establishing tighter fuel economy and emissions standards for 2017 through 2025 model- year vehicles
  4. 4. The Virtuous Weight Cycle: Enabler for Meeting CAFE Standards Mass Reduction Downsized Reinvest • Improved fuel economy Powertrain • No sacrifice of safety or function Cost Savings Secondary Weight
  5. 5. Automakers’ Downweighting Plans• Audi: Uses aluminum technology to achieve a 25% increase in body stiffness, while reducing weight by up to 20% in A8• BMW: To use more aluminum to cut weight• Ford: “I believe in 2015 and 2020, we will be more aluminum-intensive,” said Matthew Zaluzec, Ford Motor Co.’s manager for global materials and manufacturing research. “It may not be 100%, but it could be more than 50%.” – The Wall Street Journal, March 2011• GM: To trim 500 lbs by 2016 and 1,000 lbs. by 2020• Jaguar Land Rover: To construct all future vehicles with aluminum bodies• Nissan: To reduce 15% of vehicle weight
  6. 6. Existing Aluminum Applications Body Structure Airbag Housings Trim Body Skin sheet Powertrain Castings Bumper Beams Wheels Driveshaft Heat Exchangers Suspension Brake Housing Wiring Components• Today’s vehicle contains about 10% aluminum by weight• Many vehicles in the U.S. fleet use 400-500 pounds of aluminum• Worldwide content is projected to grow to 28-30 billion pounds per year – up from the current 16-17 billion pounds – between now and 2020• More than 95% of automotive aluminum is recycled
  7. 7. Weight Savings Translates to Fuel Economy Improvement Mass of Body-in-White Fuel Economy Improvement 400 3 2.7 MPG 350 Improvement 2.5 300 2 250 Miles Per Gallon 200 1.5 0.8 MPGKilograms 150 per 100 lbs. 1 100 0.5 50 0 0 Steel (baseline) High Strength Aluminum Steel (baseline- High Strength Aluminum 30 mpg) Steel Intensive Intensive Steel Intensive Intensive Source: ika - University of Aachen and the European Aluminium Source: Aluminum Association calculated based on ika Association (EAA) mass reduction data; assumes 23% secondary weight savings
  8. 8. Downweighting Creates Value – Advanced Powertrains Percent Increase in MPG Cost per 1 MPG Increase 60.0% $300 50.0% $250 40.0% $200 30.0% $150 20.0% $100 10.0% $50 0.0% $0 Baseline Diesel Hybrid Baseline Diesel Hybrid Steel Body Aluminum Body Steel Body Aluminum BodySource: IBIS Associates
  9. 9. PEV and PHEV Study $3 Battery Cost Savings Per $1 Invested in Electric Vehicles Objective: • Evaluate the impact of vehicle weight reduction on electric vehicle performance, range and battery size Results: • Reduced battery cost: $900 - $1,950 (@ $750/KWh) • EV weight reduction potential: 19% • 10% mass reduction: 4 - 6% reduction in battery size • Expected aluminum structure cost premium: $630 20% reduced vehicle mass yields a 20% range increaseSource: Ricardo
  10. 10. Time for Down Weighting is Now • A necessity in the holistic approach to meeting U.S. and global regulations without sacrificing safety or functionality • The only fuel saving technology that complements advanced powertrains • Offers more CO2 and fuel savings than other materials • Transition can happen faster than alternative powertrain breakthroughs while preserving U.S. jobs
  11. 11. Thank Youwww.aluminumintransportation.org