Researcher Tommi Laitio´s lecture on the role of groups in building better cities. Held at Svenska social- och kommunalhögskolan (University of Helsinki) course Political Influence of Groups 24/2/2012.
group matters Researcher Tommi Laitio Demos Helsinki, www.demos.ﬁ Organisationernas politiska inﬂytande Soc & Kom, University of Helsinki 24/2/2012
“The role of a think tank is to valuate the future.” Mokka & Neuvonen (2011)
think tanks• a group of people who apply research• strive to inﬂuence decision making• independent of institutions• usually non-proﬁt• driven by an ideology, belief or a perception of human beings or society
three types of think tanks1. Politically Fabian Society renew political Emphasises the (UK), E2 (FIN) ideology, support importance ofaﬃliated political decision representativethink tanks making democracy and political parties2. Thematic Institute of Foreign gather and value Emphasises expert Policy (FIN), World information and knowledge andthink tanks Watch Institute, data, enhance insight, make OECD, EVA (FIN) understanding of a research applicable theme3. Ecosystems Demos Helsinki experiment new Emphasises (FIN), Young solutions, establish competing ways offor new ideas, Foundation (UK) new institutions, working and the“think and do ﬁnancing schemes need for newtanks” institutions(Mokka & Neuvonen 2011)
ﬂickr/redcountess (cc) Why think tanks are emerging?• disparity between people´s desire and possibility for making a diﬀerence in politics• rising freedom, education, consumerism (self-expression)• technological development• western identity project
think tanks in finland 2003: government support for party- 1967: 1974: aﬃliated Laitos Sitra EVA think tanks 1961: Demos OK DoInstitute of Helsinki Foreign Magma Policy
Demos helsinki• Wiki-democracy: politics where people together create solutions and not only select their leaders (demos)• Future• Happiness and Meaningfulness• Neighbourhood-level solutions and good cities• Green growth• 8 researchers• equal rights, equal pay, public value
we need to rethinkoil peak reached in 2006.co2 emissions cut by 80 % by2050 (from level in 1990).finns have more free time andmore education than ever.in 2030, population grows Population change 2003–2030mainly in big urban regions.
country brand of finland:finland has enormous potential to solvewicked problems on a global scale.
freedom and democracy are active states.freedom to / freedom from “Political questions are far too serious to be left to politicians.” (arendt)
combining deliberativedemocracy and design thinking connecting identifying communitiescommunities prototyping to wicked problems
hoas lab– social and responsible student housingProject of Demos Helsinki and Helsinki Region Student Housing Foundation Hoas
connecting identifying communities prototypingcommunities to wicked problems - testing in - interviews - brainstorming one building - meetings - building - trial and fail- observation partnerships - concept - scenarios - selecting ideas development
Fillarikanava Vetoa ja VoimaaCyclists and the city improving Improving the neighbourhood cycling in Helsinki. in a coalition of city oﬃcials, politicians, NGOs, church and business.
finland now has 320 municipalities.the suggestion is to reduce the number to 70.how could the collaboration between cities and people work in 70 municipalities?
ONAL NATI(IN TER) POL ITICS emission limits, price for carbon, subsidies,... Climate acceptance for Low-Carbon new regulation Challenge Society participation, social innovations, lifestyle changes,... CITIE S, PE GRO ER UPS, COM PANI ES
Researcher Tommi Laitio Demos Helsinki twitter: tommilaitiotommi.laitio (a) demos.fi www.demos.fi