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FROM PAUSE
TO PLAY
WORK, INCOME AND PROGRESS IN THE NEXT ERA
#NextEra #NextEraSF
Roope Mokka Co-Founder Demos Helsinki @mo...
WHERE ARE 

WE NOW?
#NextEra #NextEraSF
WHERE ARE WE NOW?
WHAT NEXT?
#NextEra #NextEraSF
ASTONISHING PROGRESS
#NextEra #NextEraSF
LOST AND LEFT BEHIND
#NextEra #NextEraSF
STRANGE DISSONANCE
#NextEra #NextEraSF
A DIVIDED SOCIETY
BACK TO GREAT VS TECHNO-OPTIMISM
#NextEra #NextEraSF
CULTURAL PESSIMISM
#NextEra #NextEraSF
STUCK IN THE MIDDLE
“THE CRISIS CONSISTS PRECISELY IN 

THE FACT THAT THE OLD IS DYING AND THE
NEW CANNOT BE BORN; IN THIS...
WHAT DOES THIS
ALL MEAN?
#NextEra #NextEraSF
THE PROMISE OF THE 20TH CENTURY
GROWTH WORK WELL-BEING
#NextEra #NextEraSF
PRIVATE
COMPANIES
PEOPLESTATE
WELL-BEING
WORK
GROWTH
THE PROMISE OF THE 20TH CENTURY
INCOME
LABOR
TAXESSOCIAL SECURITY
TAX...
PRIVATE
COMPANIES
PEOPLESTATE
A BROKEN SYSTEM?
#NextEra #NextEraSF
RISE OF THE MACHINES
World Economic Forum
5m 

JOBS
lost across 15 developed nations by 2020
137m

WORKERS
across Cambodia...
HAVE WE BEEN HERE BEFORE?
#NextEra #NextEraSF
ENGELS’ PAUSE
#NextEra #NextEraSF
Allen, Robert (2009) Engels’ pause: Technical change, capital accumulation, and inequality in the british
industrial revol...
GIN LANE
#NextEra #NextEraSF
1800 2000
MEDIAN WAGES AND LIVING STANDARDS STAGNANT AND BY
SOME MEASURES THEY HAVE WORSENED. X X
INCOME INEQUALITY HAS CL...
1790 18401830182018101800
2005 20552045203520252015
WHAT IF WE ARE NOW IN 1805?
#NextEra #NextEraSF
HOW LONG DO WE THINK THE TRANSFORMATION TAKES?
#NextEra #NextEraSF
“THE SPECTRE OF
USELESSNESS”
AN UNCERTAIN FUTURE
#NextEra #NextEraSF
AN UNCERTAIN FUTURE
— WILL TRUMP BRING JOBS BACK?
— WILL FINANCIAL DEPARTMENTS BE AUTOMATED?
— DOES IT MAKE SENSE TO USE Y...
WHERE DO WE 

WANT TO BE?
#NextEra #NextEraSF
A NEW, INCLUSIVE 

STORY OF PROGRESS
✓ A NEW WAY TO ORGANIZE A POST WORK AND GROWTH SOCIETY
✓ ACTIVE AND INCLUSIVE DEMOCRA...
THE NEED FOR IDEAS
“ONLY A CRISIS - ACTUAL OR PERCEIVED -
PRODUCES REAL CHANGE. WHEN THAT
CRISIS OCCURS, THE ACTIONS THAT ...
FROM PAUSE TO PLAY
HOW DO WE GET THERE?
#NextEra #NextEraSF
—SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEMS
—WELFARE STATE
—PRIMARY EDUCATION SYSTEM
—URBAN PLANNING
—TRADE UNIONS
—REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY
...
1. VALUES
JUST, OPEN &
INCLUSIVE
THE NEXTERA
2. EXPERIMENTS
TEST, LEARN 

& SCALE
#NextEra #NextEraSF
WHAT IF…
—BASIC INCOME COVERS A LARGE SHARE OF YOUR LIVING COSTS?
—HEALTHCARE TURNS PREVENTIVE AND CHEAP DUE TO TECHNOLOGY...
THE FINNISH BASIC INCOME EXPERIMENT
#NextEra #NextEraSF
MIND THE GAP
2017

UNIVERSAL
BASIC INCOME
20??
“NEW SOCIAL
CONTRACT”?
[IDEAS + EXPERIMENTS NEEDED]
#NextEra #NextEraSF
WHAT ARE THE 

NEXTERA 

SOCIAL INNOVATIONS?
THE KEY QUESTION
#NextEra #NextEraSF
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Work, income and progress in the next era

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Roope Mokka's and Aleksi Neuvonen's presentation on the work, income and progress in the next era.

NextEra is an initiative to track, connect, and amplify emerging ideas for an open and forward-looking society. Do read our dossier on work and income at nextera.global.

The presentation was held at the San Francisco launch of NextEra.

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Work, income and progress in the next era

  1. 1. FROM PAUSE TO PLAY WORK, INCOME AND PROGRESS IN THE NEXT ERA #NextEra #NextEraSF Roope Mokka Co-Founder Demos Helsinki @mokka Aleksi Neuvonen Co-Founder Demos Helsinki @leksis
  2. 2. WHERE ARE 
 WE NOW? #NextEra #NextEraSF
  3. 3. WHERE ARE WE NOW? WHAT NEXT? #NextEra #NextEraSF
  4. 4. ASTONISHING PROGRESS #NextEra #NextEraSF
  5. 5. LOST AND LEFT BEHIND #NextEra #NextEraSF
  6. 6. STRANGE DISSONANCE #NextEra #NextEraSF
  7. 7. A DIVIDED SOCIETY BACK TO GREAT VS TECHNO-OPTIMISM #NextEra #NextEraSF
  8. 8. CULTURAL PESSIMISM #NextEra #NextEraSF
  9. 9. STUCK IN THE MIDDLE “THE CRISIS CONSISTS PRECISELY IN 
 THE FACT THAT THE OLD IS DYING AND THE NEW CANNOT BE BORN; IN THIS INTERREGNUM A GREAT VARIETY OF MORBID SYMPTOMS APPEAR.” ANTONIO GRAMSCI #NextEra #NextEraSF
  10. 10. WHAT DOES THIS ALL MEAN? #NextEra #NextEraSF
  11. 11. THE PROMISE OF THE 20TH CENTURY GROWTH WORK WELL-BEING #NextEra #NextEraSF
  12. 12. PRIVATE COMPANIES PEOPLESTATE WELL-BEING WORK GROWTH THE PROMISE OF THE 20TH CENTURY INCOME LABOR TAXESSOCIAL SECURITY TAXES INVESTMENT E.G.EDUCATION #NextEra #NextEraSF
  13. 13. PRIVATE COMPANIES PEOPLESTATE A BROKEN SYSTEM? #NextEra #NextEraSF
  14. 14. RISE OF THE MACHINES World Economic Forum 5m 
 JOBS lost across 15 developed nations by 2020 137m
 WORKERS across Cambodia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam 
 at risk from automization International Labor Organisation #NextEra #NextEraSF
  15. 15. HAVE WE BEEN HERE BEFORE? #NextEra #NextEraSF
  16. 16. ENGELS’ PAUSE #NextEra #NextEraSF
  17. 17. Allen, Robert (2009) Engels’ pause: Technical change, capital accumulation, and inequality in the british industrial revolution. Explorations in Economic History 46 (4), 418–425. ENGELS’ PAUSE #NextEra #NextEraSF
  18. 18. GIN LANE #NextEra #NextEraSF
  19. 19. 1800 2000 MEDIAN WAGES AND LIVING STANDARDS STAGNANT AND BY SOME MEASURES THEY HAVE WORSENED. X X INCOME INEQUALITY HAS CLIMBED. X X REMARKABLE NEW TECHNOLOGIES SUGGEST THAT THE EFFECTS ON THE ECONOMY WILL BE PROFOUND. X X PEOPLE HAVE NEGATIVE ANTICIPATIONS 
 OF THE FUTURE. X X BACK TO THE FUTURE? #NextEra #NextEraSF
  20. 20. 1790 18401830182018101800 2005 20552045203520252015 WHAT IF WE ARE NOW IN 1805? #NextEra #NextEraSF
  21. 21. HOW LONG DO WE THINK THE TRANSFORMATION TAKES? #NextEra #NextEraSF
  22. 22. “THE SPECTRE OF USELESSNESS” AN UNCERTAIN FUTURE #NextEra #NextEraSF
  23. 23. AN UNCERTAIN FUTURE — WILL TRUMP BRING JOBS BACK? — WILL FINANCIAL DEPARTMENTS BE AUTOMATED? — DOES IT MAKE SENSE TO USE YEARS TO LEARN A PROFESSION? — WILL SOCIETY REDUCE TO COMPETITION OF THE FITTEST? — ARE OWNERS RELIANT ON THE WELL-BEING OF EMPLOYEES EVER AGAIN? — ARE MY SKILLS AND CONTRIBUTION BEING APPRECIATED? #NextEra #NextEraSF
  24. 24. WHERE DO WE 
 WANT TO BE? #NextEra #NextEraSF
  25. 25. A NEW, INCLUSIVE 
 STORY OF PROGRESS ✓ A NEW WAY TO ORGANIZE A POST WORK AND GROWTH SOCIETY ✓ ACTIVE AND INCLUSIVE DEMOCRACY ✓ A JUST ADMINISTRATION AND GOVERNANCE ✓ A SENSE OF BELONGING, PARTICIPATION ✓ FAIR FOR PEOPLE LOCALLY ✓ FAIR FOR PEOPLE GLOBALLY ✓ FAIR FOR THE ENVIRONMENT A NEW VISION #NextEra #NextEraSF
  26. 26. THE NEED FOR IDEAS “ONLY A CRISIS - ACTUAL OR PERCEIVED - PRODUCES REAL CHANGE. WHEN THAT CRISIS OCCURS, THE ACTIONS THAT ARE TAKEN DEPEND ON THE IDEAS THAT ARE LYING AROUND. ” MILTON FRIEDMAN #NextEra #NextEraSF
  27. 27. FROM PAUSE TO PLAY HOW DO WE GET THERE? #NextEra #NextEraSF
  28. 28. —SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEMS —WELFARE STATE —PRIMARY EDUCATION SYSTEM —URBAN PLANNING —TRADE UNIONS —REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY SOCIAL INNOVATIONS FROM THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION #NextEra #NextEraSF
  29. 29. 1. VALUES JUST, OPEN & INCLUSIVE THE NEXTERA 2. EXPERIMENTS TEST, LEARN 
 & SCALE #NextEra #NextEraSF
  30. 30. WHAT IF… —BASIC INCOME COVERS A LARGE SHARE OF YOUR LIVING COSTS? —HEALTHCARE TURNS PREVENTIVE AND CHEAP DUE TO TECHNOLOGY? —SHARING PLATFORMS ENABLE CASH-FREE LIFESTYLES? —OUR PENSIONS ARE COLLABORATIVE AND MUTUAL? —YOU GO TO COLLEGE SEVEN TIMES IN YOUR LIFETIME? —PEER-LEARNING TAKES OFF MASSIVELY? —ACCESS TO ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE BECOMES A CITIZEN'S RIGHT? WHAT NEW SOCIAL INNOVATIONS ARE NEEDED? #NextEra #NextEraSF
  31. 31. THE FINNISH BASIC INCOME EXPERIMENT #NextEra #NextEraSF
  32. 32. MIND THE GAP 2017
 UNIVERSAL BASIC INCOME 20?? “NEW SOCIAL CONTRACT”? [IDEAS + EXPERIMENTS NEEDED] #NextEra #NextEraSF
  33. 33. WHAT ARE THE 
 NEXTERA 
 SOCIAL INNOVATIONS? THE KEY QUESTION #NextEra #NextEraSF

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