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How sharing economy changes cities

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Roope Mokka's keynote from Mindtek 2016

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How sharing economy changes cities

  1. 1. How sharing economy changes the cities Roope Mokka, Demos Helsinki Demos Helsinki roope.mokka@demoshelsinki.fi @mokka
  2. 2. https://www.yahoo.com/news/mark-zuckerberg%E2%80%99s-ipo-letter--why- facebook-exists.html
  3. 3. https://www.yahoo.com/news/mark-zuckerberg%E2%80%99s-ipo-letter--why- facebook-exists.html “Products are just orphan services, hiding the production and distribution from people”
  4. 4. What is sharing economy?
  5. 5. Sharing economy means that people can now come together and share excess capacity more directly than before on (mostly) digital platforms, that create lower the transaction costs by matching needs, guaranteeing the service and defining the possible actions.
  6. 6. Sharing economy means that people can now come together and share excess capacity more directly than before on (mostly) digital platforms, that create lower the transaction costs by matching needs, guaranteeing the service and defining the possible actions.
  7. 7. Purpose-built DIY
  8. 8. Sharing Economy Platform economy Gig-economy Circular economy Sharing economy is based on platform solutions. It can also be seen as the “consumer side” of circular economy. It can offer people “gigs” as jobs.
  9. 9. Sharing economy means that people can now come together and share excess capacity more directly than before on (mostly) digital platforms, that create lower the transaction costs by matching needs, guaranteeing the service and defining the possible actions.
  10. 10. Creating social value,
  11. 11. Sharing economy means that people can now come together and share excess capacity more directly than before on (mostly) digital platforms, that create lower the transaction costs by matching needs, guaranteeing the service, defining the possible actions.
  12. 12. We no longer live in an era of scarcity, but one of too much. Too much goods, time, ideas, empathy, interest in politics, etc.
  13. 13. Excess interest in politics? https://vtaiwan.tw/
  14. 14. Sharing economy means that people can now come together and share excess capacity more directly than before on (mostly) digital platforms, that create lower the transaction costs by matching needs, guaranteeing the service, defining the possible actions.
  15. 15. New kind of meetings
  16. 16. Sharing economy means that people can now come together and share excess capacity more directly than before on (mostly) digital platforms, that create lower the transaction costs by matching needs, guaranteeing the service, defining the possible actions.
  17. 17. Platform as an operating model for the city governance.
  18. 18. Sharing economy means that people can now come together and share excess capacity more directly than before on (mostly) digital platforms, that create lower transaction costs by matching needs, guaranteeing the service and defining the possible actions.
  19. 19. The Impact on cities?
  20. 20. Possibilities for cities Threats for cities Wider participation through meaningful activities New kind of support for people’s wellbeing Stronger local value creation and income Disruptive ecological efficiency Democratically governed collaborations
  21. 21. Possibilities for cities Threats for cities Wider participation through meaningful activities New kind of support for people’s wellbeing Stronger local value creation and income Disruptive ecological efficiency Democratically governed collaborations Better transportation, housing and food systems Global monopolies in operating and owning of housing, transportation and food Working poors in wild employment markets Taxation Underprivileged people will drop of the services Empty public spaces
  22. 22. Cities need to get five things! 1. Cities are the new ground for innovation. But not tech! Focus away from technologies to people, business models and experimental legislation.
  23. 23. 1. Cities are the new ground for innovation. But not tech! Focus away from technologies to people, business models and experimental legislation. 2. There is no such thing as a generic platform company. Cities need to aggressively promote platforms that can be governed by the users, enable meetings between people and make sure no-one is excluded from the platforms. Cities need to get five things!
  24. 24. 1. Cities are the new ground for innovation. But not tech! Focus away from technologies to people, business models and experimental legislation. 2. There is no such thing as a generic platform company. Cities need to aggressively promote platforms that can be governed by the users, enable meetings between people and make sure no-one is excluded from the platforms. 3. Value is created from use, not production. Cities need to understand that value is created from use of cars and buildings, not new and more. Urban planning has thus outdated norms. Cities need to get five things!
  25. 25. 1. Cities are the new ground for innovation. But not tech! Focus away from technologies to people, business models and experimental legislation. 2. There is no such thing as a generic platform company. Cities need to aggressively promote platforms that can be governed by the users, enable meetings between people and make sure no-one is excluded from the platforms. 3. Value is created from use, not production. Cities need to understand that value is created from use of cars and buildings, not new and more. Urban planning has thus outdated norms. 4. Cities already share, products are already services. Dominant models for sharing economy already exist in the city, cinemas, streets and so on. Cities need to get five things!
  26. 26. 1. Cities are the new ground for innovation. But not tech! Focus away from technologies to people, business models and experimental legislation. 2. There is no such thing as a generic platform company. Cities need to aggressively promote platforms that can be governed by the users, enable meetings between people and make sure no-one is excluded from the platforms. 3. Value is created from use, not production. Cities need to understand that value is created from use of cars and buildings, not new and more. Urban planning has thus outdated norms. 4. Cities already share, products are already services. Dominant models for sharing economy already exist in the city, cinemas, streets and so on. 5. City will become a platform itself. But we have to decide what kind of platform or the programmers will do that for us. Cities need to get five things!
  27. 27. For any of this to happen in managed way, cities need to adopt a new experimental government model. There is a need to move away from technology drive Living Labs and smart city initatives, that test technologies for big companies to more normative testing* of applications from citizens and startups. Themes and strategic experiments (from the government and city council). Initiatives (from the citizens, startups, etc) Experiments Policy Normative testing = Experiments that have a feedback loop to policy. *

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