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INTI2016 161123 Au-delà de l'économie sociale


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Présentation de Blanca MIEDES UGARTE, Celia SANCHEZ LOPEZ (Univ. de Huelva), "Beyond social economy : distinctive characteristics of social-ecological production and exchange initiatives", dans l'Atelier 2 "L’impact social, approches polydisciplinaires" de la XVe conférence INTI XVe Conférence Annuelle Internationale INTI « Économie Sociale et Solidaire dans les territoires », 22-25 novembre 2016, Charleroi et Liège, Belgique.

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INTI2016 161123 Au-delà de l'économie sociale

  1. 1. May 10, 2016 Beyond social economy: distinctive characteristics of socio-ecological production and exchange initiatives Blanca Miedes Ugarte Celia Sánchez lópez
  2. 2. Summary • About this work • Multidisciplinary focus: the ”Doughnut" problem • SE initiatives as a new concept of innovation • Main features of SE initiatives that distinguish them from both the capitalist economy and the various forms of conventional social economy. • Conclusions 32
  3. 3. Creative (creativa) and Useful (útil) Ecónomy FAIR, respectful TO PEOPLE AND THE ENVIRONMENT 25/11/2016 3 Action-Research project developed by a group of students from the course of Expert of Solidarity Economy and social entrepreneurship of the UHU in collaboration with the C3IT. Participatory mapping
  4. 4. 6 The ”Doughnut" problem Kate Raworth Economic growth (GDP increase) is not the real problem, but scarcity, degradation and inequality Multidimensionalité
  5. 5. 7 9 planetary boundaries Johan Rockström and 28 other scientists published in the journal "Nature"(2009) Source: Kate Raworth
  6. 6. 9 11 social priorities Rio +20 summit: water, food, health, energy, employment, voice (democracy), resilience, education, economic income, gender equality, equality social. Source: Kate Raworth
  7. 7. 27 How to keep our place in the safe and just area? Kate Raworth
  8. 8. A lot of decisions to take in all scales! • Production (useful, creative, circular economy) • Energy (removable, clean) • Time policies (paid-unpaid work distribution, life cycle approach) •Income policies (wages, basic income) • Tax reforms (against evasion and fraud) • Financial reforms (limits) • Territorial model (internal & external cohesion) 32
  9. 9. A new concept of innovation • Current people, in current places, facing common problems (food, energy, transport, business, employment...). • social currencies, time banks, social-urban gardens, co- working spaces , ethical finance, consumer cooperatives for ecological and fair trade, innovative cultural activities, new cooperatives for the production of renewable energy ... • Most of them are gathered in short circuits integrating in the best possible way social markets (Hernandez, 2012). Film by Cyril Dion People solutions to “Doughnut” problems
  10. 10. A framework for evaluate/ making decisions together… Source: Kate Raworth
  11. 11. 3 What are main features of SE initiatives that distinguish them from both the capitalist economy and the various forms of conventional social economy?
  12. 12. Characteristics SE inititatives • The principle of social justice joins the principle of environmental justice. • Life styles and values are mayor concerns. • Consciousness of place arises. • Design and execution in the very same process: ”prosumers”, networking. • Knowledge (ICT) as a factor of economic and political empowerment.
  13. 13. Life stiles and values •SE initiatives arise in an attempt to answer the question how to make a living? in a broader framework of the old question about how to live? @Norismo
  14. 14. Life stiles and values •External changes to be enough disruptive should be guided by an internal change in the systems of beliefs, preferences and worldviews informing lifestyles (Crompton & Kasser, 2009; Rokeach, 1973; Schwartz, 1992; Emmons, 1989). @Norismo
  15. 15. “Place” as the space in which people resolve their needs, coexist, co- construct their identity, share projects and design a common future. Getting back to the "consciousness of place" Place, understood as a collective heritage guaranteeing biological and social reproduction of the community (Alberto Magnaghi, 2010)
  16. 16. Multiscale networks for socioecological transition 25/11/2016 16 • Towns in transition (Hopkins, 2011) • Degrowth Networks (Fournier, 2008) • “Slow” movements (Geof, 2008) • Other…. Local cosmopolitism
  17. 17. DIVERSITY as key factor: local markets, complementary alternative production, consumption, financial, cultural circuits... Jordi García: Picture taken at the seminar Commons, FUHEM-ecosocial, 17/11/12 Avoiding any kind of ”monoculture” fostering local resilience. Complementarity Complexity (fuzzy borders) Resilience
  18. 18. Good news: MAKING and SHARING develop intelligence! Meaning Connection Learning Design and execution in the same process
  19. 19. How we think we think => How we believe societies should decided Hierarchy (Brain gives orders to the rest of the body) Neural network (The whole body “thinks”) Neurosciences => A new brain metaphor
  20. 20. "Smart cities” need intelligent citizenship 29 Source: Building a new meaning meaning of “togetherness” •Spaces: • For interaction. • For tools. • For training. Knowledge= Empowerment
  21. 21. Political empowerment @Norismo • Perceived self-efficacy: people's beliefs about their capabilities to produce designated levels of performance that exercise influence over events that affect their lives. • It determine how people feel, think, motivate themselves and behave (Bandura, 1998). Main source of empowerment: Sense of self-efficacy
  22. 22. Conclusion • Big transformative potential. • But still has a limited scope and deficient organizational and technological operating modes. • One of main challenges knowledge institutions face in the coming decades is to support the development of these new socio- ecological activities: • Legal, economic, social and political framework (valorisation, impact assessment) • Tools (technological, organizational, emotional) • Core concerns of the territorial intelligence projects.
  23. 23. May 10, 2016 Beyond social economy: distinctive characteristics of socio-ecological production and exchange initiatives Blanca Miedes Ugarte Celia Sánchez lópez