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organizational structures


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Various Organizational Structures

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organizational structures

  1. 1. Group Members  Muhammad Zohair B-15086  Zohaib Hassan B-15077  Mubasher Rasheed B-15107
  2. 2. Organizational Structure:  is about how to use one of the basic resource people , and how to facilitate overcoming the communication barriers at organizational interfaces (Enshassi 1997)
  3. 3.    Structure gives members clear guidelines for how to proceed. Structure binds members together. Structure in any organization is inevitable.
  4. 4. Types OF Organization Structures    Functional Organization Structure Project-type Organization Structure Matrix Organization Structure
  5. 5. Functional Organization Structure      Most Common type Of Organizational Structure. Work Best for Small organizations. Organization is grouped based on specialization by functional areas. Limited authority. Limited Career Path.
  6. 6. Functional Organizational Structure
  7. 7. Functional Organizational Structure  1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. ADVANTAGES It has high degrees of specialization. Coordination is established Managerial Efficiency is increased Minimal Duplication of Efforts Training is facilitated Equal Weight age to All Function
  8. 8. Functional Organizational Structure DISADVANTAGES 1. Slow response time. 2. Ignorance of Organizational Objectives. 3. Difficulty in Interdepartmental Coordination 4. Hurdle in Complete Development. 5. Conflict of Interest. 
  9. 9. Project-type Organizational Structure       Each project is operated like a mini company. The project type organization is well positioned to be highly responsive to the project objectives and customer needs. A project type organization can be costinefficient. In project type organization resources are not shared. Each project team tends to be isolated. There may be some company wide support functions that serve all the projects.
  10. 10. Project-type Organizational Structure       In project type organization detailed and accurate planning and effective control system are required. Project organization structures are primary in companies. Project organization structures are prevalent in construction. Project managers have a high level of authority to manage and control the project resources. personnel are specifically assigned to the project and report directly to the project manager. The project manager is responsible for the performance appraisal and career progression of
  11. 11. Project-type Organizational Structure
  12. 12. Project-type Organizational Structure ADVANTAGES 1. The project manager have complete authority and maximum control over the project. 2. The lines of Communication are strong and Open. 3. The system is highly flexible and capable of rapid reaction times. 4. The appraisal of employees based upon the performance of the project. 5. The focus of the resources is towards the achievement of the organization goals. 
  13. 13. Project-type Organizational Structure DISADVANTAGES 1. Duplication of efforts. 2. Difficult to find a project manager having both general management expertise and diverse functional expertise. 3. Administrative duties of project manage may be demanding and job could be quite stressful. 4. Due to fear of impediments in career growth some employees may not prefer to leave their department. 
  14. 14. Matrix Organizational Structure  1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Introduction It’s a typical organizational structure. It’s a combination of both functional and project type organizational structure. In this type skills of the employees are shared between functional department and project management team as needed. Generally employees work under two bosses Authority of functional manager flow downward Authority of the project manager flows sideways.
  15. 15. Matrix Organizational Structure     An organizational form in which there are multiple lines of authority and some individuals report to at least two managers. This structure exist in large multi projects organizations. Employees are considered to be shared resources between the project team and functional units. Recognize the dynamic nature of the project and allows for the changing requirements.
  16. 16. Matrix Organizational Structure
  17. 17. Matrix Organizational Structure  Types OF Matrix organizational Structure 1. Strong Matrix 2. Balanced Matrix 3. Weak Matrix
  18. 18. Matrix Organizational Structure  1. 2.  1. 2. Strong Matrix : Most authority and power lies with the project manager. The project manager has a full time role. Balanced Matrix: Power is shared between functional manager and project manager. Project manager has full time role, he has only part time project.
  19. 19. Matrix Organizational Structure Weak Matrix: 1. Project manager has a part time role with very limited power and authority. 2. This structure is very close to the functional organization structure. 3. Functional manager controls the project budget. 
  20. 20. Matrix Organizational Structure ADVANTAGES 1. Facilitate quick response to changes, Conflicts and project needs. 2. Flexibility of establishing independent policies and procedures of each project. 3. Project manager has authority to commit company resources. 4. Project team can get the highly skilled personnel they require. 5. People can be selected based on skills and suitability. 
  21. 21. Matrix Organizational Structure DISADVANTAGES 1. Initially, more effort and time is needed to define policies ,procedures, responsibilities and authority relationship. 2. Employees may have to report to two bosses which can add confusion and conflicts may arise. 3. Sometimes unclear priorities may also confuse the employees.