The Elements of Teaching and Learning

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(MST) The Teaching and Learning Process in Educational Practices
(class report(s)/discussion(s))

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The Elements of Teaching and Learning

  1. 1. THE ELEMENTS of TEACHING and LEARNING Yenna Monica D. P.
  2. 2. The Principal Elements that make teaching and learning possible and attainable: The Teachers, the Learners, and a Conducive Learning Environment
  3. 3. Learners  Prime mover of the educational wheel  Key participants in the learning process Favorable Environment  Provides essential features and ingredients that could make headway in guiding the processes and methodologies needed for a smooth linkage of the elements Teachers
  4. 4. The Learner  Nature of the learner  Fundamental Equipment of the Learner All learners are equipped with cognitive as well as appetitive faculties, however, they differ in the degree to which they are utilized and expressed on the account of the learners‟ abilities, aptitudes, interests, values and attitudes, and home background.  Ability - dictates the prospects of success in any purposeful activity - determines capacity to understand and assimilate information  Aptitude - innate talent or gift - natural capacity to learn certain skills  Interests - learners vary in activities that are undertaken due to a strong appeal or attraction. - lessons that gibe the learners the chance to express themselves will be more meaningful and effective  Family and Cultural Background - students who come from different socioeconomic background manifest a wide range of behavior due to differences in upbringing practices  Attitudes - an individual „s perspective and disposition - some positive learner attitudes are curiousity, responsibility, creativity and persistence
  5. 5. The Learner  Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory  Verbal-Linguistic  Logical-Mathematical  Spatial  Bodily-Kinesthetic  Musical  Interpersonal  Intrapersonal  Naturalist
  6. 6. The Learner  Learning Styles  Sensitive-thinking (Mastery Learner)  Intuitive Thinking (Understanding Learner)  Intuitive-Feeling (Self-Expressive)  Sensing-Feeling (Interpersonal Learner)  David Kolb’s Learning Styles
  7. 7. The Teacher  Professional Attributes  control of the knowledge base of teaching and learning and use this knowledge to guide the science and art of his/her teaching practice  Repertoire of best teaching practice can use these to instruct children in classrooms and to work with adults in the school setting  Disposition and skills to approach all aspects of his/her work in a reflective, collegial, and problem-solving manner.  “life-long” learners  Personal Attributes  Passion  Humor  Values - open mindedness (promoting respect and trust between teachers and learners) - fairness and impartiality (no discrimination, must be unbiased and objective in judging the learners‟ work and performance) - professionalism (knowledgeable, skilled, and value- laden)  Patience  Enthusiasm
  8. 8. The Learning Environment The place where teaching and learning can take place in the most effective and productive manner. To plan and implement all teaching and learning activities, it must consist of the:  Classroom  Instructional features  Non-threatening classroom climate
  9. 9. The Learning Environment  Arrangement of Furniture - (table for demonstration)neatly arranged with sufficient spaces in between - (display shelves) for safe keeping of projects, collections, outstanding work - (bulletin board) for posters, announcements and illustrations - board (black or white) for clarifying step-by-step procedures and making clear diagrams, illustrations and figures - (teaching devices e.g globes, maps, charts) can be kept in nearby cabinets together with simple tools and materials - (Day‟s lesson table) to set aside supplies, tools and/or materials for the day‟s lesson  Physical Condition of the Classroom - clean and orderly set-up - natural light and flowing fresh air/ proper ventilation - free from noise and distractions from the surroundings - light fixtures are located where needed  Interactions - cater to diverse situations - primary goal: to motivate learners to work harmoniously, thereafter, inculcate the values of cooperation and congeniality  Facilitates Learning - encourages people to be active - promotes and facilitates the individuals discovery of the personal meaning of idea - emphasizes the uniquely personal and subjective nature of learning in w/c difference is good and desirable - consistently recognizes people‟s right to make mistakes - tolerates ambiguity - Evaluation is a cooperative process with emphasis on self evaluation - encourages openness of self rather than concealment of self - people are encouraged to trust in themselves as well as in external resources - people feel they are respected and accepted - permits confrontation
  10. 10. THE ELEMENTS of TEACHING and LEARNING Yenna Monica D. P. END

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