Site Planning and Design Principles - اساسيات تخطيط وتصميم المواقع
Site Planning and Design Principles
Dr. Yasser Mahgoub
•B.4. Site Design:
•Ability to respond to site characteristics such as soil, topography, vegetation, and watershed in the development of a project design.
•This introductory presentation attempts to introduce basic principles of site planning and design.
•Students are required to acquire more information and knowledge on this area on their own.
•What is Site Planning?
–Site planning is the organization of an area of land to fit a program for its development which is efficient, expresses the character of the site, and provides attractive spaces to use.
•Site planning is the art and science of arranging the structures on the land and shaping the spaces between, an arts of arranging USES of land linked to architecture, engineering, landscape architecture, and city planning.
•Site plans locate objects and activities in SPACE and TIME. These plans may concern a small cluster of houses, a single building and its grounds, or something as extensive as a small community built in a single operation.
Kevin Lynch, Gary Hack; Site Planning, MIT press, Cambridge 1996
Layers of Site Planning
•Mass and space
•Service & maintenance
Mass and space
Service & maintenance
What is SITE PLANNING
•Trees, garden, pool (landscape)
Introduction Site analysis is a vital step in the design process. It involves the evaluation of an existing or potential site in relation to the development program, environmental impact, impacts on the community and adjacent properties, project budget, and schedule.
Introduction The site analysis identifies environmental, program, and development constraints and opportunities. A well-executed site analysis forms the essential foundation for a cost-effective, environmentally sensitive, and rational approach to project development.
Plot Plan Surroundings (roads, neighbors) Plot Dimensions Dimensions from nearest references (roads, reference points) Infrastructure (water, electricity, sewage) Utilities (Utility easement, Under ground, Above ground, Permanent structures, Future)
Topography 0-3% flat to gently sloping, possible (surface drainage problems, soil depth is greater here.) 3-8% gently sloping to rolling terrain, soil (concentration in low areas.) 8-15% hilly, often rocky terrain, site (modification cost increase. Soil depth is very limited.)
Enric Miralles - Scottish Parliament
A remarkable example of incorporating architecture into it’s surroundings.
“The Parliament sits in the land. We have the feeling that the building should be land, built out of land. To carve in the land the form of gathering people together… Scotland is a land… The land itself will be a material, a physical building material…”