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Land Use Strategic Master Plans

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Shows how to make a land use "ordering" and development master plan based on trasect / new urbanism usage

Since land is already "ordered" and "planned" in developed countries this presentation may not be applicable in those countries. Nevertheless, this model might be helpful for urban planners that need to "order" their territories, specially in underdeveloped (third world countries)

The presentation is based in Ecuador´s territorial division (analogue to the US)
The model target cities that may work together to stablish a "regional" authority, which may include cities for different counties

I translated this from Spanish to English, sorry for the typos

Published in: Engineering
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Land Use Strategic Master Plans

  1. 1. LAND USE & DEVELOPMENT MASTER PLANS MUNICIPAL LEVEL (COUNTY LEVEL)
  2. 2. AGENDA • Urban Planning Introduction • City Management - Legal Framework • New Urbanism • Land Use Ordering & Development Integration • Plans Herarchy & Structure • Work Breakdown Structure
  3. 3. Background • Overcrowding • Chicago 1893 • Land Use Separation • Great Depression • WWII • WWII Veterans
  4. 4. Development • “Suburbia” • “Fordism” • Cheap Gas • Housing Bubble • Cheap Land • Federal Highway Act
  5. 5. Maturity • Private Sector • Stock Market • Public Sector • Construction / • Bonds • Maintenance Expansión
  6. 6. Downfall • Health Problems • Car Oriented • Social Disconnections • Abandoned • Environment Infraestructure • Crime
  7. 7. City Management • “Community” • Traditional Approach • Systemic Approach • Individual Actions • Activities Balance • Syncronized Actions
  8. 8. Legal Framework • Constitución • National Plans • Legal Constraints Federal Government • Constitution • Federal Laws • State Laws States County City Ejecutivo Provincias / Estados Cantones / Municipios Parroquias • Local Governments • Private Sector • Public Sector
  9. 9. Transectos
  10. 10. Theorical Framework Transectos USGBC – CNU - LEED Howard – Garden City Christaller – Central Place Theory
  11. 11. “New Urbanism” • Transects • Pedestrian Oriented • Integral Transportation Planning • City / • Region Neihgborhoods • Cuadrants / “Blocks”
  12. 12. Lot, Block, Cuadrant, Neighborhood, District Cuadrant Neigborhood District ¼ Milla (400m) Blocks Lots Pedestrian Circuits 1/8 Mille (200m) 1/8 Mille (200m)
  13. 13. Neighboorhood, District, City, Region District Region Neighborhod City Municipalities Public Transit Circuits
  14. 14. Lot, Block, Cuadrant, Neighborhhod, District, City Region Definition
  15. 15. Artificial & Natural Barriers Roads / Railways River / Buffer Zones Natural Parks / Hills
  16. 16. Conceptual Model for Barriers City Divisions
  17. 17. Region • Smart Growth • Affordable Housing • Tax & Income Division • Community Support • NIMBY´s • Water Usage • City Growth • Food Production • Natural Reserves
  18. 18. City / “Neighborhoods” • Density • Mix Use • Size • Corridors • Housing Mix • Design • Green Spaces • Accesibility • Walkable
  19. 19. Permited Uses / Retail Distribution • Wanted • Not Wanted LIMIT CENTER
  20. 20. “Walkable” DISTRICTS NEIGHBORHOODS CUADRANT
  21. 21. “Neighborhood” Characteristics
  22. 22. Uses • Residential • Offcies • Housing • Mix • Agricultural • Retail • Workshops • Industrial
  23. 23. Cuadrants / “Blocks” • Street Network • Vehicule Speed • Lighting • Connections • Multiple uses • Right of Way (ROW) • Size • Pedestrian (ROW) • Walkable
  24. 24. Buildings • Roads • Forms • Architectural Standards (Typology) • Civic Spaces • Permitted Uses • Building Type • Distribution • Parking • Publico / Private space
  25. 25. Building Location
  26. 26. Private / Public Spaces
  27. 27. Form
  28. 28. Building Type
  29. 29. Architectural Standards (Typology) • Edificable Mass • Frontage • Windows / Doors
  30. 30. Civic Spaces
  31. 31. Neighborhood Urban “Equipment” Characteristics
  32. 32. Urban Equipment Requirements Lots Blocks Cuadrants Neighboorhoods Districts Cities Regions
  33. 33. Equipment • Parks • Education • Public Safety • Public Admin • Fire Fighters • Health Offices
  34. 34. Equipment • Fields • Libraries • Cultural • Community Centers • Tots • Religious
  35. 35. Equipment • Day Clinics • Arts • Museums • Infraestructure Networks • Federal Offices • Post Office
  36. 36. Regional Transportation & Transit
  37. 37. Planned Roads Vision
  38. 38. Transect & Zoning
  39. 39. City Level
  40. 40. Regional Level
  41. 41. Buffer Zones
  42. 42. Special Districts
  43. 43. Vertical Vision
  44. 44. Transect Map
  45. 45. Illustrations
  46. 46. Code
  47. 47. Business Process
  48. 48. Scale Model
  49. 49. Land use order & Development Integration • Systemic Approach • Ordered Territory • Developed Terriory
  50. 50. Support Information • Historica Maps • Statistics • Workshops • Legal Framework • Systematized
  51. 51. Maps / Distribution Lines / Cartography • Cartography • Geo referenced Attractions • Distribution Lines • Cadastre • Systematized (GIS)
  52. 52. Human Settlements System • Stocking • Land uses • Zoning • Urban Standards • Urban Mobility • Public Safety
  53. 53. Human Settlements System • Public Works: Water, Sewage & Garbage Collection • Land Tenure • Health & Education • Urban Equipment • Affordable Housing
  54. 54. Mobility System • Road Network • Freight • Public Transportation • Transit • Road Safety • Terminals
  55. 55. Traffic Engineering & Land Use Vicious Circle Citizens demanding road widening Road Widening Traffic Engineering Congestion Development Land Use Planning No Congestion Cheap Land Access Citizen Driving Land Price Increases Increase Cheap Houses Rezoning
  56. 56. Environment System • Water • Soil • Air • Flood Plains / Risk zones • Fragile Ecosystemes • Non Renewable Resources
  57. 57. Economical Systems (Products / Services) • Agro • Forest / Silviculture Businesses • Minig • Industrial • Eco Tourism • ¨Patrimonial / Tourism
  58. 58. Economical Systems (Transformations) • Value Added • Jobs • Support Infraestructure • Financial Markets • Import / Export • Free Ports
  59. 59. Energy & Connectivity System • Cell Phone Networks • Land Lines • Internet • Energy • Tv & Radio • Alternative Energy
  60. 60. Socio-Cultural System • Ethnic Groups • Public Participation • Cultural Identity
  61. 61. Political – Institutional System • Business Model • Organizational Chart • Job Description • Job Sizing • Continouos Improvement
  62. 62. Political – Institucional System • Budgets • Projects Portafolio • Business Processes/ Services Catalogs
  63. 63. Business Model
  64. 64. Systemic Vision
  65. 65. Plan Hierarchy Federal Plan Regional Plan 1 State Plan 1 County Plan 1 City Plan 1 City Plan 2 County Plan 1 County Plan City Plan 1 City Plan 2 3 Metropolitan District Plan State Plan 2 Region Plan 2 State Plan 1 State Plan 2 Region Plan 3 State Plan 4 County Plan 5 City Plan 1 Alignment Feedback
  66. 66. Objectives ¿What? • Syntaxis
  67. 67. Strategies • Investment Projects • Maintenance Projects ¿How? • Business Processes
  68. 68. Indicators
  69. 69. Goals & Results • Goals • Results
  70. 70. Model Illustration
  71. 71. Business Model District Board Urban Manager Major Division Functional Unit Functional Area Work Group Rural Manager Major Division Functional Unit Functional Area Work Group Suppor Manager Area Chiefs Division Functional Unit Functional Area Work Group N0 N1 N2 N3 N4 N5 N6 Strategic Area Operative Area Information System (IT) N7 – N9 FEEDBACK
  72. 72. ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEM DISTRIBUTION CHANNEL ECONOMICAL SYSTEM RELATIONS WITH CLIENTS ENERGY AND CONNECTIVITY SYSTEM CASHFLOW SOCIO ‐ CULTURAL SYSTEM KEY RESOURCES Executive office CEO Coordination (CO) Urban Coordination Mayor / County Authority Coordinacion (CO) Rural Coordination Rural Cities Chief Strategic Objetives Strategic Objetives KEY ACTIVITIES COST STRUCTURE Management Office Urban Cities Urban City Authority Management Office Urban Cities Urban City Authority Management Office Rural Cities Rural City Authority Management Office Rural Cities Rural City Authority Strategic Objectives Strategic Objectives Strategic Objectives Strategic Objectives Strategies Strategies Strategies Strategies Macro Business Processes Macro Business Processes Macro Business Processes Macro Business Processes Division Manager Division Chief of Division Division Manager Division Chief of Division Division Manager Division Chief of Division Division Manager Division Chief of Division Division Manager Division Chief of Division Division Manager Division Chief of Division Operative Objectives Operative Objectives Operative Objectives Operative Objectives Operative Objectives Operative Objectives KPI KPI KPI KPI KPI KPI Recruited by HR office Sub Processes Pool Sub Processes Pool Sub Processes Pool Sub Processes Pool Sub Processes Pool Sub Processes Pool Projects Projects Projects Projects Projects Projects Responsible for the Division Budget. Includes all the sub processes in his division Unit Functional Unit Chief of Unit Unit Functional Unit Chief of Unit Unit Functional Unit Chief of Unit Unit Functional Unit Chief of Unit Unit Functional Unit Chief of Unit Unit Functional Unit Chief of Unit Sub Process Sub Process Sub Process Sub Process Sub Process Sub Process Business Process Indicators Recruited by HR office Responsible for the budget related to his subprocess (includes activities and tasks) Responsible for the budget related to his subprocess (includes activities and tasks) Responsible for the budget related to his subprocess (includes activities and tasks) Responsible for the budget related to his subprocess (includes activities and tasks) Responsible for the budget related to his subprocess (includes activities and tasks) Area Functional Area Chief of Area Area Functional Area Chief of Area Area Functional Area Chief of Area Area Functional Area Chief of Area Area Functional Area Chief of Area Area Functional Area Chief of Area Average time for activities Activities Average time for activities Activities Average time for activities Activities Average time for activities Activities Average time for activities Recruited by HR office Chief of Task Chief of Task Chief of Task Chief of Task Chief of Task Chief of Task N9 N8 N7 Average time for tasks Tareas Average time for tasks Tareas Average time for tasks Tareas Average time for tasks Tareas Average time for tasks Recruited by HR office INFORMATION SYSTEM ORGANIZED BY MODULES Average time for tasks Tareas Part of functional area budget Part of functional area budget Part of functional area budget Part of functional area budget Part of functional area budget Part of functional area budget N6 Recruited by HR office Recruited by HR office Recruited by HR office Recruited by HR office Tareas Recruited by HR office Average time for activities Activities Part of functional area budget Part of functional area budget Part of functional area budget Part of functional area budget Part of functional area budget Part of functional area budget N5 Recruited by HR office Recruited by HR office Recruited by HR office Recruited by HR office Activities Recruited by HR office Responsible for the budget related to his subprocess (includes activities and tasks) Business Process Indicators Business Process Indicators Business Process Indicators Business Process Indicators Business Process Tactics (Continuos Improvement) Tactics (Continuos Improvement) Tactics (Continuos Improvement) Indicators N4 Recruited by HR office Recruited by HR office Recruited by HR office Recruited by HR office Recruited by HR office Tactics (Continuos Improvement) Tactics (Continuos Improvement) Tactics (Continuos Improvement) Responsible for the Division Budget. Includes all the sub processes in his division Responsible for the Division Budget. Includes all the sub processes in his division Responsible for the Division Budget. Includes all the sub processes in his division N3 Recruited by HR office Recruited by HR office Recruited by HR office Recruited by HR office Recruited by HR office Responsible for the Division Budget. Includes all the sub processes in his division Responsible for the Division Budget. Includes all the sub processes in his division KPI Budget for Urban City Budget for Urban City Budget for Rural City Budget for Rural City N2 Authority is elected by the public. Majors Authority is elected by the public. Majors Authority is elected by the public. Majors Authority is elected by the public. Majors KPI KPI KPI N1 Coordinator appointed by the board Coordinator appointed by KPI KPI the board Strategies Strategies Group Budgets for Urban Cities (Urban Parroquias) Group Budgets for Rural Cities (Rural Parroquias) N0 Board CEO Appointed by member of the board. Board composed by all public elected mayors and councils at County Level Mission Vision Policies / Tranverse Strategies Aprove Budget and Projects for Coordinations INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY EXECUTIION ORGANIZATION BUSINESS MODEL METROPOLITAN DISTRICTS LAND ORGANIZATION AND DEVELOPMENT SYSTEMS BUSINESS MODEL AREA HUMAN SETTLEMENTS SYSTEM CLIENT SEGMENTS MOBILITY SYSTEM VALUE PROPOSITION
  73. 73. Vision • Business Model • Territorial Development Systems • Regional Umbrella
  74. 74. Methodology • Proposal per System • Diagnostics • Deliverables • Public Workshops • Feedback / Measurements
  75. 75. Work Area • Saturday / Rural (2 Cities) • Nights / Urban (9 cities) • 8 Workshops • 36 Workshops • 8 Validation Workshops
  76. 76. 1. Gaps Workshop • Surveys • Today • Tomorrow • Gap • Support Team • Facilitators
  77. 77. 2. Diagnostic • Statistics • Workshops • Checklists VS • Chambers • Public Sector • Gaps • Univeristies • Professional Associations
  78. 78. 3. Diagnostic Validation • Facilitators • Surveys • Support Team • Feedback
  79. 79. 4A. Proposal / Stategies Development • Stategies / Action Lines • Workshops • Validation • Systematized • Information
  80. 80. 4B. Design Workshops • Typology Standarization • Public Participation • Options • Renders
  81. 81. Form Based Code Process PHASES PLANNING REGULATIONS ADMINISTRATION Documents Assembly Macro Scale • N´hood, Districts & Corridors Micro Scale • Existent Trasect Matrix • Micro Element Documentation Illustrative Plan & Images • Illustrative Plan • Vision per Transect • Vision for Micro Elements Regulatory Plan & Regulations • Regulatory Plan • Transect Matrix • Regulation Matrix Micro Elements • Uses Matrix Revision Assembly • Additional Texts Edition • Codes & Business Processes Vision
  82. 82. 5. Plan Consolidation • Ordered Information • Field Work • Calculations • Chambers • Public Sector • Proposal • Universities • Professional Associations • Design
  83. 83. 6. Plan Validation • Facilitator • Deliverables • Public Hearing • Feeback • Concensus
  84. 84. 7. Final Validation • Deliverables Accepted • Opening • Marketing Products
  85. 85. Land Use – Form Based Code Deliverables • Scale Model • Transect – Land use Map • Code / Plan / Business Processes / Standards • Public Work Line Projections • Up to Date GIS Cadatre
  86. 86. Business Model Deliverables • Organizational Chart – Job Descriptions • Strategic & Operative Plan • Investment & Maintenance Budgets • Business Processes / Services Catalog • Project Portafolio
  87. 87. Multimedia Deliverables • Photos / Videos • Multilingual Website • Plan Monitoring System • Digital Information (GIS) • Marketing Products
  88. 88. Supplies / Support Requirements • Physical Space • Multimedia Equipment • Transportation • Materials • Lunch • Plot / Printing
  89. 89. High Level Gant Number Task Predecessor Approx Length 1 Define Work Area 0 3 days 2 Share Work Methodology 1 15 days 3 Plan Diagnostic Workshops 2 3 days 4 Assign Responsibilities 3 2 days 5 GIS Field Information 3 60 days 6 Workshops 4 21 days 7 Diagnostic Reports 6 45 days 8 Diagnostic Sharing 7 21 days 9 Generate Maps per System 5,8 21 days 10 Develop Plan Proposal 7,9 45 days 11 Share Proposal 10 21 days 12 Adjust Proposal 11 14 days 13 Final Validation 12 21 days 14 Release 13 5 days 15 Marketing Products 14 60 days 16 Digital Repository Generation 14 100 days 17 Digital Repository Launch 14 1 day 18 Digital Repository Release 17 1 day 19 Scale Model Construction 14 365 days 20 Scale Model nor Public 17 1 day • Information Custodian • Project Manager • Information Flow • Meetings Protocol
  90. 90. Route to Municipal Excellency Principal Actions LAND USE & DEVELOPMENT MASTER PLANS BUSINESS PROCESSES / SERVICES AUTOMATIZATION MULTIFINALITARY CADASTRE
  91. 91. Systemic Vision
  92. 92. carlos.jimenez@urbidea.com +(593) 994272615
  93. 93. SMART URBANISM

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