Energy Efficiency: Thinking beyond Building Envelopes

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Bridging gaps in non-motorised mobility in private housing developments.

TiE SIG Cleantech: Sustainable Apartments.

Presentation by Sanjay Sridhar
Strategy Head, Urban Development
World Resources Institute

Published in: Technology, Business
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Energy Efficiency: Thinking beyond Building Envelopes

  1. 1. ENERGY EFFICIENCY : THINKING BEYOND BUILDING ENVELOPES BRIDGING GAPS IN NON-MOTORISED MOBILITY IN PRIVATE HOUSING DEVELOPMENTS TiE SIG Cleantech : Sustainable Apartments Sanjay Sridhar Strategy Head, Urban Development World Resources Institute
  2. 2. • Divide and distribute • Discretionary walking trips • Maintain the green hierarchy • Build for people and not for cars MEGASCALE MESOSCALE MICROSCALE DESIGN PRINCIPLES
  3. 3. BRIDGING GAPS IN NON-MOTORISED MOBILITY PROJECT : L&T SOUTH CITY, BANGALORE
  4. 4. Existing Development TO J P NAGAR TOWARDS BANNERGHATTA ROAD & TRANSIT STOPS 34 acres site area 18 Residential Towers ~ 2000 households ~ 3000 vehicles Location of Retail, Amenities and Main connectivity to city along the East – this creates increased vehicular & pedestrian traffic volumes City Network Internal 2-way Network Internal 1-way Network PROJECT BACKGROUND
  5. 5. Congestion along Main Street OBSERVATIONAL ANALYSIS Main Street Junctions No Safe AccessInsufficient Pedestrian Infrastructure Neighborhood Scale
  6. 6. Unsegregated Spaces OBSERVATIONAL ANALYSIS Junctions & Building Access Common movement pathAccessibility to ground level from podiums Community & Building Scale
  7. 7. Cycling infrastructure such as cycle stands will help making the development more cycle friendly Located adjacent to feeder bus network for easy transition Space for convenience shops within development STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS NETWORKS : Bicycling Network
  8. 8. Use of colonnaded area as bicycle parking space bus shelters children’s play area convenient shopping NETWORKS : Convenience Retail STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS
  9. 9. NETWORKS : Convenience Retail : Before STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS
  10. 10. NETWORKS : Convenience Retail : After STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS
  11. 11. NODES INTERSECTIONS NETWORK ACCESS TO THE PREMISES LINKS LINKS : Prioritize Pedestrian Movement : Before STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS
  12. 12. PARKING 3.5 m3.0 m 3.0 m 6.5 m WALKING PATH BICYCLING PATH CARRIAGEWAY LINKS : Prioritize Pedestrian Movement : After STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS • Increase pavement width at possible locations – along main central road • Surface treatment – use of pervious material to allow percolation of water • Tree cover along street edge to be increased to provide for shaded walkways
  13. 13. LINKS : Dedicated Walkway along ramps STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS
  14. 14. INTERSECTIONS Introduce Traffic Calming Measures at Junctions Ensure continuous pavements at ramp & basement entry points Use of Traffic Visibility Mirrors at blind spots LINKS NODES NETWORK ACCESS TO THE PREMISES INTERSECTIONS STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS
  15. 15. 1. Ensure Continuous pavements or speed table at intersections 2. Sloped Curbs for areas of low volumes and vehicular speeds 3. Medians to divide different traffic lanes at site entry 1 2 3 2 NODES INTERSECTIONS NETWORK ACCESS TO THE PREMISES LINKS INTERSECTIONS : Site Entrance Design STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS
  16. 16. • Traffic calming measure: Traffic Visibility Mirrors Raised Pedestrian Crossing Traffic Circle Traffic Mirrors INTERSECTIONS : Junction Design STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS
  17. 17. INTERSECTIONS : Entrance to Basement STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS
  18. 18. Pedestrianized Routes Club Walk South Park Main Street The possible areas identified to increase interaction and activity NODES INTERSECTIONS NETWORK ACCESS TO THE PREMISES LINKS NODES : Use of Residual Spaces STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS
  19. 19. NODES : Main Street : Before STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS
  20. 20. • Activating the boundary wall edge as a social space • Provision of newspaper stand, benches, water fountains, lighting, planters, dustbins, bicycle parking, dog pit, bus shelters along this stretch • Convert this node into ‘ eyes on the street’ as a bridge to access the Park NODES : Main Street : After STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS
  21. 21. NODES : Club Walk : Before STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS
  22. 22. BRIDGING GAPS IN NON-MOTORISED MOBILITY PROJECT : ADARSH PALM RETREAT, BANGALORE
  23. 23. 0 25 75 175 PROJECT BACKGROUND Adarsh Palms Retreat 250 Acres • SEZ Development • 5 Star Hotel • Municipal Lake • Villa Development • Luxury Apartment Development • Amenities
  24. 24. • Continuous pavements at driveways areas exhibiting high traffic speeds and volumes • Sloped Curbs for areas of low volumes and vehicular speeds LINKS - PAVEMENTS LINKS NODES INTERSECTIONS NETWORK ENTRY TO THE PREMISES STRATEGIES
  25. 25. Driveway with planting strip Pervious sidewalks 4 Zone system for pavement design LINKS - PAVEMENTS Speed tables STRATEGIES
  26. 26. • Create, improve existing nodes • Benches • Shelter • Drinking fountain • Lighting • Garbage cans Possible areas of node creation LINKS NODES INTERSECTIONS NETWORK ENTRY TO THE PREMISES STRATEGIES NODES - TRANSIT Introduce activities & socializing areas
  27. 27. NODES - RESIDUAL SPACES Utilizing left over spaces along streets to create pause-points Possible areas of node creation STRATEGIES
  28. 28. INTERSECTIONS • Reduces traffic crashes • Traffic calming measure • Better pedestrian crossing • Creates greater safety Raised Intersection LINKS NODES INTERSECTIONS NETWORK ENTRY TO THE PREMISES STRATEGIES
  29. 29. • In this case, the trip was reduced from 2100 m or 2.1 km to1500m or 1.5 km • The whole of villa phase 1& 2 i.e about 500 households will benefit; at 4 people per household, that is 2000 people • Time saved:10minutes per trip • Collective time saved : 330 hours Section running through hotel and lake edge NETWORK NEW CONNECTIONS LINKS NODES INTERSECTIONS NETWORK ENTRY TO THE PREMISES STRATEGIES
  30. 30. NETWORK BREAKING BARRIERS • Puncture the existing physical barriers • Create nodes with new activities & provide opportunity for socializing • Opportunity for utilizing the residual spaces • In this case, the trip was reduced from 1000 m to 500 i.e by 10min per trip • About 200 households will benefit; at 4 people per household, that is 800 people • Total trip reduction being:4,00,000 m or about 133 hrs collectively • STRATEGIES
  31. 31. Provide pick-up and drop-off point for auto rickshaws DROP-OFF PICK-UP MAIN ENTRY TO THE PREMISES LINKS NODES INTERSECTIONS NETWORK ENTRY TO THE PREMISES STRATEGIES
  32. 32. BRIDGING GAPS IN NON-MOTORISED MOBILITY PROJECT : GODREJ GARDEN CITY, AHMEDABAD
  33. 33. The Existing master plan Generators such as schools and markets will create more traffic and people Size of township 250 acres Estimated number of people 14000 Estimated number of cars 4000 PROJECT BACKGROUND
  34. 34. The Township scale Creating public spaces : the township scale Connection between neighbourhood spaces to create a township level space. Neighborhood space Bus stop Market Neighborhood space School STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS
  35. 35. Bus stop configuration The bus pick up and drop off locations are integrated with the pedestrian network and bicycle network to allow multimodal interchange. STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS
  36. 36. Bicycle lanes on school routes Table top junction Alignment of pedestrian crossing for the shortest crossing length STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS Junction configuration
  37. 37. Pedestrian prioritization of existing links STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS
  38. 38. Creating public spaces : the open street Weekly events can be organised such as the open street to enhance the community bonding and quality of public spaces. Artwork display Street furniture AmenitiesShading STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS
  39. 39. BRIDGING GAPS IN NON-MOTORISED MOBILITY PROJECT : MAHINDRA WORLD CITY, JAIPUR
  40. 40. Developing alternate Networks: the public transport network STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS
  41. 41. Developing alternate Networks: the public transport network the feeder bus route the internal feeder route Principle: Develop a route system such that all areas fall 10 minutes away from the routes STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS
  42. 42. Developing alternate Networks: the open space network Existing open space Proposed green linkages Principle: Connect open spaces. It creates a alternative network movement and maintains the open space STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS
  43. 43. Developing alternate Networks: the open space network Principle: Create activity near open spaces STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS
  44. 44. • Improve the walkway design for connectivity to club • Opportunity to use solid wall space NODES : Club Walk : After STRATEGIES & RECOMMENDATIONS
  45. 45. Thank You

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