Benefits of Open Space Planning


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Tract President- Neil Dawe's "Benefit of Open Space Planning" for the Atlantic Green Forum and Design Charette Presentation. October 2012

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  • “Corner Brook Stream Trail has enhanced the beauty of an already beautiful City and draws positive feedback from visitors and residents alike. It has contributed to extended stays, and increased expenditures, by visitors. The parks and trails that make up Corner Brook Stream have enhanced the quality of life, and general economic development from the perspective of attracting young professionals to the City. The system is an important piece of the services and attractions needed to make any community successful. I would highly recommend such a system to other communities.” -- Corner Brook Mayor Greeley
  • “….the Corner Brook Streams Parks and Trails are of great benefit to employers and employees. Staff have easy access to nature and can have a break, recharge and relax. It supports the desired work life balance and we are finding it of increasing importance to attracting new workers looking for an attractive place to live and a place with a sense of community. It is enticing to young families and attracts people to local businesses. The Tourism sector has benefited greatly as well. We compete with GrosMorne for visitors and the Corner Brook Stream provides a different experience for the visitor that is right in the middle of the City and unique to Corner Brook: the result is extended stays and happy visitors. A system of Parks and Trails like Corner Brook Stream is an excellent investment for any community.”-- Keith Goulding, President of Greater Corner Brook Board of Trade
  • I played around with the individual sizes of words. Not necessary.
  • Benefits of Open Space Planning

    1. 1. Benefits of Open Space PlanningATLANTIC GREEN FORUM AND DESIGN CHARETTESt. John’s, NLOCTOBER 10 | 2012
    2. 2. “The parks and trails that make upCorner Brook Stream have enhancedthe quality of life, and generaleconomic development from theperspective of attracting youngprofessionals to the City.” – Corner Brook Mayor Greeley OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    3. 3. “It is enticing to young families andattracts people to local businesses.” – Keith Goulding, President of Greater Corner Brook Board of Trade OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    4. 4. ROLE OF OPEN SPACE PLANNING:“to minimize people’s distress whilemaximizing interactions…” OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    5. 5. A. Existing ConditionsB. What is Open Space?C. Sustainable Communities and Open Space PlanningD. Torbay Case StudyE. Challenges and Opportunities in NL OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    6. 6. A | Existing Conditions OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    7. 7. Land Development NE Avalon:• Occurring at unprecedented rate• Impacts on land use / function (local and regional) unknown• Pre-emptive land strategies needed• Organize and balance developed and undeveloped space OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    8. 8. Land Development NE Avalon: • Poor OS planning eliminate future opportunities • Eroding valued amenities such as the Grand Concourse • Lack of protection leads to destruction of natural environmentOPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    9. 9. B | What is an Open Space? Why is it important? OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    10. 10. Develop and Undeveloped Land• Agricultural• Recreational• Cultural• Terrestrial-Aquatic Systems• Wildlife Habitat• Urban Plazas• Streets OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    11. 11. Cultural and Historical Land• Reinforce and retell the story of community• Celebrate heritage of place and people OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    12. 12. Open Spaces are Networks• Physically and socially connects people and communities• Negates sprawl that removes networks and connections OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    13. 13. Open Spaces create Opportunities• Enhances Individual and Community Health/Well Being• Positive correlation exists between well being and proximity to parks and green spaces OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    14. 14. Open Spaces are Economic Opportunities• Developers• Municipalities• Individual home-owners• Higher equity the closer to green space• When we link open space to higher densities greater economics through preservation. OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    15. 15. Open Spaces differentiates Place• Enhances community attachment• Creates beauty (built and natural)• Encourages interaction• For everyone• Elevates distinctiveness• Makes place matter and increases local GPD OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    16. 16. The Need:Preserve and Protect What is Valued• Land development often externalizes costs to the natural environment.• Land clearing overwhelms environmental features. Once gone, it is gone. OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    17. 17. The Need: Preserve and Protect What is Valued• Preservation of natural systems through strategies of: - watershed storm water management, - streamside protection measures, - tree retention and replanting policies, - site grading requirements and identification of sensitive areas.• Emphasize the benefit of urban spaces as an integral part of the community. OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    18. 18. C | Sustainable Communities and Open Space Planning OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    19. 19. Intent of Sustainable Community Planning• Manage future change: comprehensive, integrated and inclusive.• From short term to long term.• Balance the natural and built physical environments.• Understand local assets: economic, social, cultural and environmental.• Positively effect community design, function, prosperity and livability. OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    20. 20. Best first steps to SustainableOpen Space Planning:1. Preserve and Protect what is valued.2. Plan for an integrated system of parks, trails and urban spaces (squares, streets, etc.)3. Put an Open Space Management Plan in place to protect the resource. OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    21. 21. 1 | Preserve and Protect what is valued. OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    22. 22. Use Land, Water and Energy Resources• “Green” network• Non-developable lands identified and protected• Waterway and coastal riparian zones, steep slopes, sensitive habitats, existing recreation facilities, ceremonial lands, cemeteries, special places, viewing areas, etc. OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    23. 23. Use Land, Water and Energy Resources• Comprehensive land use mapping inventory: – property information; location, features and acreage – area amount of environmentally sensitive and recreational lands (knowing what is not developable helps to provide certainty of what is developable) OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    24. 24. 2 | Plan for an integrated system of parks, trails and urban spaces (squares, streets, etc.) OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    25. 25. Parks and Trails• Represent an appreciating asset• Proximity influences activity• Sought after recreation• Year-round recreation activity• Best examples in NL the Grand Concourse, Corner Brook Stream and east Coast Trail.• Huge economic benefit.• Influence resident and businesses OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    26. 26. To Ensure Success:• Design professionally with community input• Use to interpret and connect the community• As community grows so should your trail system• An Open Space Management Plan the best way to protect your trail network OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    27. 27. Plan to:• Build a Green Infrastructure Network• Developed in context of Municipal Plan and Parks and Recreation Master Plan• Identify a community wide integrated green transportation system.• Ideally developed with Advanced Street Network Plan.• Design opportunities to link to schools, local commercial, institutions, etc. OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    28. 28. Plan to:• Prepare a short and longer term parkland acquisition strategy.• Create a park hierarchy: regional, community-wide, neighbourhood wide and local.• Link to regional networks: GCA, East Coast Trail• Make Distinct to Community OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    29. 29. D | Put an Open Space Management Plan in place to protect the resource – Torbay Case Study OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    30. 30. Torbay Open Space Master Plan• Identified in Parks and Recreation Master• Proposed integration with Municipal Plan, establish open spaces buffers and protect via development regulations• Link developable lands and key recreation and community assets and facilities OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    31. 31. TORBAY | OPEN SPACE MANAGEMENTExisting Open Space Typology OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    33. 33. TORBAY | OPEN SPACE MANAGEMENTProposed Open Space Typology OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    34. 34. TORBAY | Inner Loop Zoning AmendmentsOPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    35. 35. TORBAY | Outer Loop Zoning AmendmentsOPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    36. 36. TORBAY | OPEN SPACE Development ConceptOPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    37. 37. TORBAY | Phase One DevelopmentsOPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    38. 38. Open Space Plan Status:• Land ownership mapping has been conducted for the entire corridor.• Town seeking approval to access Crown Lands identified.• Access to additional lands as park of 10% development requirement or through private owner agreement• Construction proposed to begin in Spring 2014 OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    39. 39. E | Challenges and Opportunities in Newfoundland and Labrador OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    40. 40. Challenges:• Urban and Rural Planning Act outdated• Principles of Sustainable Planning not adopted• No Regional OS Planning• Integrated Planning not the norm• Open Space allocated on per development vs. community-wide system• Open Space not properly integrated with new developments• Land ownership and mapping info lacking• Value of investment not clearly understood. OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    41. 41. Opportunities:• NL Lands Acts and Riparian zone legislation• Legislate access to waterways, coastline and ponds• Significant amounts of Crown Lands available• Added equity for developer and enhanced tax base• Sought after by residents• Appreciating asset, positive impact on local GDP• Three champion projects: GC and CBS and ECT• OS Management Strategy part of St. John’s Mun Plan OPEN SPACE PLANNING |
    42. 42. Benefits of Open Space PlanningATLANTIC GREEN FORUM AND DESIGN CHARETTESt. John’s, NLOCTOBER 10 | 2012