Child  Labor
<ul><li>Child labor is not only a social problem but also an economic one </li></ul><ul><li>Watching a young child work fo...
<ul><li>United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund(UNICEF) defines “child” as anyone below the age of 18, “Chi...
<ul><li>In  Pakistan children of age 5-14 are above 40 millions. </li></ul><ul><li>During the last year, the Federal Burea...
<ul><li>3.8 million economically active children . </li></ul><ul><li>2.7 million were claimed to be working in the agricul...
<ul><li>Article 11  of the Constitution prohibits all forms of slavery, forced labour and child labou. </li></ul><ul><li>A...
<ul><li>OVER POPULATION :  </li></ul><ul><li>Limited resources and more mouths to feed,  </li></ul><ul><li>ILLITERACY  : <...
<ul><li>ORPHANS :  </li></ul><ul><li>Children born out of wedlock, children with no parents and relatives, often do not fi...
<ul><li>Physical injuries and mutilations  are caused by badly maintained machinery on farms and in factories, machete acc...
<ul><li>Long-term health problems , such as respiratory disease, asbestosis and a variety of cancers, are common in countr...
<ul><li>The government has made efforts to prohibit child labor by enacting Child labor laws in India including the 1986 C...
<ul><li>State Governments, which are the appropriate implementing authorities, have been conducting regular inspections an...
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Child Labour

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Child Labour

  1. 1. Child Labor
  2. 2. <ul><li>Child labor is not only a social problem but also an economic one </li></ul><ul><li>Watching a young child work for fourteen hours a-day is what is termed as child labor . </li></ul><ul><li>What is child labor? </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund(UNICEF) defines “child” as anyone below the age of 18, “Child Labor” as some type of work performed by children below age 18. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Child Labor” is generally speaking, work for children that harms them or exploits them in some way (physically, mentally, morally or blocking access to education), </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>In Pakistan children of age 5-14 are above 40 millions. </li></ul><ul><li>During the last year, the Federal Bureau of Statistics released the results of its survey funded by ILO’s IPEC (International Program on the Elimination of Child Labor). It is found that 3.8 million children are working in Pakistan out of total 40 million children. </li></ul><ul><li>Fifty percent of these economically active children are in age group of 5 to 9 years. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>3.8 million economically active children . </li></ul><ul><li>2.7 million were claimed to be working in the agriculture sector </li></ul><ul><li>73% Of the 3.8 million children are the boys. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Article 11 of the Constitution prohibits all forms of slavery, forced labour and child labou. </li></ul><ul><li>Article 37(e) makes provision for securing just and humane conditions of work, ensuring that children and women are not employed in vocations unsuited to their age or sex . </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>OVER POPULATION : </li></ul><ul><li>Limited resources and more mouths to feed, </li></ul><ul><li>ILLITERACY : </li></ul><ul><li>Illiterate parents do not realize the need for a proper physical, emotional and cognitive development of a child. </li></ul><ul><li>POVERTY : </li></ul><ul><li>Many a time poverty forces parents to send their children to hazardous jobs. </li></ul><ul><li>URBANIZATION : </li></ul><ul><li>Export industries in the developing world employ child workers, particularly in the garment industry. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>ORPHANS : </li></ul><ul><li>Children born out of wedlock, children with no parents and relatives, often do not find anyone to support them. Thus they are forced to work for their own living. </li></ul><ul><li>WILLINGNESS TO EXPLOIT CHILDREN : </li></ul><ul><li>This is at the root of the problem Even if a family is very poor, the incidence of child labor will be very low unless there are people willing to exploit these children. </li></ul><ul><li>UNEMPLOYMENT OF ELDERS : </li></ul><ul><li>Elders often find it difficult to get jobs. The industrialists and factory owners find it profitable to employ children. This is so because they can pay less and extract more work. </li></ul>Causes of Child Labor
  9. 9. <ul><li>Physical injuries and mutilations are caused by badly maintained machinery on farms and in factories, machete accidents in plantations, and any number of hazards encountered in industries such as mining, ceramics and fireworks manufacture </li></ul><ul><li>Pesticide poisoning is one of the biggest killers of child laborers. In Sri Lanka, pesticides kill more children than diphtheria, malaria, polio and tetanus combined. The global death toll each year from pesticides is supposed to be approximately 40'000 </li></ul><ul><li>Growth deficiency is prevalent among working children, who tend to be shorter and lighter than other children; these deficiencies also impact on their adult life </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Long-term health problems , such as respiratory disease, asbestosis and a variety of cancers, are common in countries where children are forced to work with dangerous chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases are rife among the one million children forced into prostitution every year; pregnancy, drug addiction and mental illness are also common among child prostitutes </li></ul><ul><li>Exhaustion and malnutrition are a result of underdeveloped children performing heavy manual labour, working long hours in unbearable conditions and not earning enough to feed themselves adequately </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The government has made efforts to prohibit child labor by enacting Child labor laws in India including the 1986 Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) </li></ul><ul><li>Government has accordingly been taking proactive steps to tackle this problem through strict enforcement of legislative provisions along with simultaneous rehabilitative measures </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>State Governments, which are the appropriate implementing authorities, have been conducting regular inspections and raids to detect cases of violations </li></ul><ul><li>Government has been laying a lot of emphasis on the rehabilitation of these children and on improving the economic conditions of their families </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Silent Killer…

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