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Child labour and its impact on economic growth


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  • Really that is a best presentation describing Child Labour specially in India.
    Once again thanks to Bhakti Varma
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Child labour and its impact on economic growth

  2. 3. GROUP MEMBERS <ul><li>KANCHAN SHARMA 47 </li></ul><ul><li>VIKAS SHARMA 49 </li></ul><ul><li>AMRIN SIDDIQUI 51 </li></ul><ul><li>AKANKSHA SHAH 53 </li></ul><ul><li>BHAKTI VARMA 55 </li></ul><ul><li>KRITIKA PUNJABI 57 </li></ul>
  3. 4. CONTENTS <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons behind child labour </li></ul><ul><li>Health Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Current Scenario </li></ul><ul><li>Impact on the economy </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  4. 5. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>The term “child labour” is often defined as work that deprives children from their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development </li></ul><ul><li>It is serious and extensive problem with many children under the age of 14 years </li></ul><ul><li>Children living in poorest household and in rural areas are mostly likely to be engaged in child labour </li></ul>
  6. 8. STATISTICS <ul><li>68 countries have been marked under “extreme risk” for child labour </li></ul><ul><li>According to statistics there are 215million children working and many of them full time. 115million of these children are exposed to hazardous forms of child labour </li></ul><ul><li>Bangladesh, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Chad, DR Congo, Ethiopia, Liberia, Myanmar, Somalia, Sudan  </li></ul><ul><li>and Zimbabwe to form the 12  countries at the bottom of the ranking who scored 0.00 for possibility to remove child labour, whereas China scored 0.02 and ranked 13th. </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>Child labour is found in agricultural sector, including in hybrid seed production </li></ul><ul><li>It is recorded that 2,00,000 children have been employed in Andhra Pradesh alone </li></ul><ul><li>In 2009, 6-8years old children were found working in mines in Jharkhand and Bihar which were extracting mica for export to the global cosmetics industry </li></ul>
  8. 11. INTERVIEW
  9. 12. REASONS BEHIND CHILD LABOUR <ul><li>Parental Illiteracy : . India’s effective literacy rate has recorded a 9.2 per cent rise to reach 74.04 per cent, according to provisional data of the 2011 census </li></ul><ul><li>Overpopulation: Current Population of India in 2011 is estimated to be 1.21 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty: There are 22.15% people living under the poverty line in India according to a 2010-2011 survey </li></ul>
  10. 14. <ul><li>Urbanization: The current urbanization rate in India is 35% as compared to 15% in the 1950. </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment of elders: The current unemployment rate in India is 9.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Orphans </li></ul>
  11. 16. INTERVIEW
  12. 17. HEALTH ISSUES <ul><li>Working conditions may not be safe and healthy for children because of their physical differences. </li></ul><ul><li>Factors that may increase the health, safety, and developmental risk factors for children include: </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid skeletal growth </li></ul><ul><li>Development of organs and tissues </li></ul><ul><li>Greater risk of hearing loss </li></ul><ul><li>Developing ability to assess risks </li></ul><ul><li>Greater need for food and rest </li></ul><ul><li>Higher chemical absorption rates </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller size </li></ul><ul><li>Lower heat tolerance </li></ul>
  13. 18. <ul><li>Injuries among young workers: </li></ul><ul><li>Active children suffer injuries or illnesses while working. </li></ul><ul><li>Industries have higher numbers of young workers in the India. </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological effects of child labour: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Long hours of work on a regular basis can harm children’s social and educational development </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The unconditional worst forms of child labour may have traumatic effects. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 19. INTERVIEW
  15. 20. CURRENT SCENARIO <ul><li>On October 10th 2006, Government introduced a new amendment in Child Labour Act, 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>However, just after two months, in December 2006, over 1,670 cases of such violation have been detected by many State Government </li></ul><ul><li>According to CRY, child labour is not being addressed properly and the conviction rate is also low </li></ul><ul><li>It’s not that only the hospitality sector is employing children as workers, but household manufacturing sector and many other sectors are doing the same </li></ul>
  16. 21. <ul><li>According to the Indian census of 1991, there are 11.28 million working children under the age of fourteen years in India </li></ul><ul><li>Over 85% of this child labour is in the country's rural areas, working in agricultural activities such as fanning, livestock rearing, forestry and fisheries </li></ul><ul><li>Girls aged 12-13 are the preferred choice of 90 per cent households </li></ul><ul><li>A recent incident shows the actual picture of child labour in India. An investigation conducted by a newspaper revealed that children in the Shahpur Jat area of New Delhi had been sold for £10 into bonded labour </li></ul>
  17. 22. <ul><li>Child Abuse: </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Out of 69% children physically abused 54.68% were boys </li></ul><ul><li>The State of Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar and Delhi have consistently reported higher rates of abuse as compared to other states. </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Abuse </li></ul><ul><li>53.22% children reported having faced one or more forms of sexual abuse. </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional Abuse and Girl Child Neglect </li></ul><ul><li>83% of the cases parents were the abusers. </li></ul><ul><li>48.4% of girls wished they were boys </li></ul>
  18. 23. INTERVIEW
  20. 25. CHILD LABOUR AND ECONOMIC <ul><li>Lower human capital accumulation </li></ul><ul><li>Worse health conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Slower investment and technical change </li></ul><ul><li>Income inequality </li></ul><ul><li>Bad standard of living </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty, illiteracy and unemployment </li></ul>
  21. 27. CONCLUSION <ul><li>Child labour is curse to Indian society as well as our economy </li></ul><ul><li>The future of the community is in the well being of its children </li></ul><ul><li>It is required to save children for social injustice and educational deprivation </li></ul>
  22. 29. WIBLIOGRAPHY <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Google Images  </li></ul>