Theories of Child Development

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Theories of Child Development

  1. 1. Theories of child development Practice II, 2011
  2. 2. Methodology <ul><li>Methodology is based on theory and research. </li></ul><ul><li>If teachers understand how children learn, they can use this info to make their classes more effective. </li></ul><ul><li>Textbooks and curricula are based on theories of child development. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Piaget and the language classroom <ul><li>Children should only do tasks they are ready for. </li></ul><ul><li>Children need a physical connection to learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Lessons shouldn’t be too guided. Children need some place to learn for themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>They should solve problems, and not just listen and repeat. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Lev Vigotsky and the role of language <ul><li>Children use language not only to describe the world but as a thinking tool. </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is a social activity. </li></ul><ul><li>YLE’s interaction with adults, learners or older peers is critical for their learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Tasks a little beyond their learning ability generate a space called zone of proximal development (ZPD). </li></ul>
  5. 5. Jerome Bruner <ul><li>SCAFFOLDING: cognitive development takes place through language and in the company of helpful adults. </li></ul><ul><li>Adults model tasks and let children follow the model. </li></ul><ul><li>They also simplify them by breaking them down into smaller, easier steps. </li></ul>
  6. 6. ROUTINES <ul><li>Children learn through routines. </li></ul><ul><li>As routines are repeated, children are able to gradually assume more control and responsibility. </li></ul>
  7. 7. THE SPIRAL CURRICULUM <ul><li>Children learn best when they are exposed to a subject in many different ways. </li></ul><ul><li>This is called a spiral curriculum or RECYCLING. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers move from simpler concepts to more complex ones. </li></ul><ul><li>They repeatedly link old information to new information. </li></ul>

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